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Table Of Contents

I. INTRODUCTION AND PROJECT CHARTER
A. ABSTRACT
B. MOTIVATION
C. BARRIERS FOR ALGAE CONVERSION INTO FUEL
D. PROJECT SUMMARY: CONVERTING ALGAE INTO FUEL
II. OVERALL CONCEPT STAGE
A. OVERALL FLOWSHEET
B. MARKET AND COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS
C. CUSTOMER REQUIREMENTS
D. TRANSPORTATION BETWEEN MODULES AND STORAGE
MODULE I: ALGAE CULTIVATION
III. CONCEPT STAGE
A. PICKING AN ALGAE STRAIN
B. INCREASING LIPID CONTENT
C. LOCATION SCREENING
D. PICKING A CULTIVATION PROCESS
E. OPTIMAL CONDITIONS FOR CULTIVATION
F. PROPOSED MODULE I PARAMETERS
Proposed Algae, Nannochloropsis sp
Proposed Location
IV. FEASIBILITY AND DEVELOPMENT STAGES
A. PROPOSED CULTIVATION PROCESS - SimgaeTM
B. GENERAL MATERIAL BALANCES
Algae Material Balance
Multiple Fields
Optimal Conditions for Nannochloropsis sp. Cultivation
Cleaning the System – Accumulation of Biofilm
Production Comparisons
CO2 Source and Consumption
Nutrient Consumption
Oxygen Production
C. LAND REQUIREMENT
D. ENERGY CALCULATIONS
E. ECONOMICS
Capital Costs
Continuous Costs
Economic Summary
A GLANCE AT ECONOMICS: Diversified Energy Algal Biofuels Modeling and Analysis
G. Other Important Considerations
MODULE II: LIPID EXTRACTION
V. CONCEPT STAGE
A. LIPID EXTRACTION
B. CONVENTIONAL LIPID EXTRACTION
VI. FEASIBILITY AND DEVELOPMENT STAGES
A. Process Design and Material Balances
B. PROCESS DESCRIPTION
D. EQUIPMENT LIST AND UNIT DESCRIPTIONS
E. SPECIFICATION SHEETS
F. OPERATING COSTS AND ECONOMIC ANALYSIS
MODULE III: LIPID PROCESSING
VII. CONCEPT STAGE
A. PRELIMINARY PROCESS SYNTHESIS
B. FACILITY DESIGN
C. ASSEMBLY OF DATABASE
D. BENCH-SCALE LABORATORY WORK
VIII. FEASIBILITY AND DEVELOPMENT STAGES
A. PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM AND MATERIAL BALANCES
B. PROCESS DESCRIPTION
C. ENERGY BALANCE AND UTILITY REQUIREMENTS
D. EQUIPMENT LIST AND UNIT DESCRIPTIONS
E. SPECIFICATION SHEETS
F. FIXED-CAPITAL INVESTMENT SUMMARY
G. OTHER IMPORTANT CONSIDERATIONS
H. OPERATING COSTS
IX. OVERALL ECONOMIC ANALYSIS
Fixed-Capital Investment
Variable Costs
Fixed Costs
Sensitivity Analysis
OTHER IMPORTANT CONSIDERATIONS
Carbon Credits
Processing Costs
Government Subsidies and Incentives
X. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
REFERENCES
APPENDIX
I. Problem Statement
II. Module I Calculations
Cost and Make Up of the Nutrients
Determination of Algae Composition
Calculation of CO2 Enriched Air
Production Conversions
III. Module II: Conventional Energy Requirements
IV. ASPEN PLUS Simulation
ASPEN Flowsheet of Hydrotreating Process
ASPEN Simluation Results
V. Module III: Equipment Design Calculations
VI. Profitability Analysis Spreadsheet
VII. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
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Algae Into Alkanes

Algae Into Alkanes

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Published by Foong Shiuh Haur

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Published by: Foong Shiuh Haur on Apr 24, 2012
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03/09/2013

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