@002376563of such a strategy for the
of their socialist ideology. Engels saw the solution to a seriesof conflicts –from Chinese and Persian struggles against Britain during 1857, India's mutiny againstthe British in 1858, through to the Moorish war against Spain in 1860 –in the employment of guerillacontingents. Lenin concerned himself more with a historically determined mobilization of the massesand denounced any guerilla strategy, such as barricade fighting, as sporadic and dangerous. However,Lenin defended guerilla
against any rigidity from within Marxist thought that would try toconstruct a military system. Any strategy that would try to create a military system might underminethe spontaneity of the will of the people to rise up and fight, undoing what Lenin saw as crucial to therevolutionary movement.
Guerilla warfare emerges as one of the major contentions within Marxistmilitary thought as a catalyst to what the theorists hoped would unite the masses in their struggle forthe overall outcome.Lenin opposed those who wanted to systematize Marxist military thought. These includedoutstanding Russian military figures of the time, Mikhail Frunze (1885 –1925) and MikhailTukhachevsky (1893 –1937). The systematizers, those surrounding Frunze and Tukhachevsky, sawtheir genuine proletarian military doctrine as a science to which Marxism possessed the key. Thesystematizers wanted to replace “effete bourgeois strategy of defence”
with that of attack. Thiscreated a schism within the formation of the Soviet military science. Leon Trotsky (1879–1940), whoenjoyed the support of Lenin, advocated the bourgeois tactics of positionalism and defence of fortifications which Frunze and Tukhachevsky denounced as un-Marxist. Whereas the systematizerswanted to translate revolutionary theory and practice into military doctrine –even admitting thatguerilla strategies could serve revolutionary purposes appropriate to the proletariat –Trotsky accepted
Marxism and the Science of War
(1981, Oxford University Press, Oxford); pp. 19 –22.3Ibid,p. 22