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Toensmeier Perennial Vegetables Handout

Toensmeier Perennial Vegetables Handout

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Published by jacquesjza
TROPICAL & SUBTROPICAL PERENNIAL VEGETABLES
Compiled by Eric Toensmeier for ECHO Conference 2011 TREES
Genus Adansonia Artocarpus Bambusa Dendrocalamus Ensete Erythrina Leucaena Moringa Moringa Morus Musa Species digitata altilis spp. spp. ventricosum edulis esculenta oleifera stenopetala alba acuminata baobab Common Name Africa Asia Asia Origin Part Used Leaves, fruit, nuts Fruit Shoots Shoots Tuber & trunk starch Beans Beans Leaves cooked Fruit Lowlands Region Humidity Humid Mesic to arid

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TROPICAL & SUBTROPICAL PERENNIAL VEGETABLES
Compiled by Eric Toensmeier for ECHO Conference 2011 TREES
Genus Adansonia Artocarpus Bambusa Dendrocalamus Ensete Erythrina Leucaena Moringa Moringa Morus Musa Species digitata altilis spp. spp. ventricosum edulis esculenta oleifera stenopetala alba acuminata baobab Common Name Africa Asia Asia Origin Part Used Leaves, fruit, nuts Fruit Shoots Shoots Tuber & trunk starch Beans Beans Leaves cooked Fruit Lowlands Region Humidity Humid Mesic to arid

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Published by: jacquesjza on Apr 24, 2012
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06/19/2013

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TROPICAL & SUBTROPICAL PERENNIAL VEGETABLES
Compiled by Eric Toensmeier for ECHO Conference 2011TREES
Genus Species Common Name Origin Part Used Region Humidity
 Adansonia digitata
baobab AfricaLeaves,fruit, nutsLowlands Mesic to arid
 Artocarpus altilis
breadfruit Pacific Fruit Lowlands Humid
Bambusa spp.
bamboos Asia ShootsLow, high,subtropicsHumid to mesic
Dendrocalamus spp.
bamboos Asia ShootsLowlands,subtropicsHumid to mesic
Ensete ventricosum
enset AfricaTuber &trunk starchHighlands Mesic to semi-arid
Erythrina edulis
chachafruto Andes Beans Highlands Mesic to semi-arid
Leucaena esculenta
guaje Mesoamerica Beans Lowlands Mesic to semi-arid
Moringa oleifera
moringa India Leaf, podsLowlands,subtropicsHumid to semi-arid
Moringa stenopetala
moringa East Africa Leaf, podsLowlands,subtropics Humid to semi-arid
Morus alba
white mulberry AsiaLeavescookedLow, high,subtropicsHumid to semi-arid
Musa acuminata
banana, plantain Asia, Africa Fruit Low, high,subtropicsHumid to semi-arid
SHRUBS
Genus Species Common Name Origin Part Used Region Humidity
 Abelmoschus manihot 
edible hibiscus PacificLeavescookedLow tropics Humid to mesic
Cajanus cajan
pigeon pea South Asia BeansLow, highsubtropicsHumid to arid
 
Carica papaya
papaya Americas Fruit Low, subtropics Humid to mesic
Cnidoscolus chayamansa
chaya MesoamericaLeavescookedLow, highsubtropicsHumid to arid
Crotolaria longirostrata
chipilin MesoamericaLeavescookedLow, high,subtropicsHumid to semi-arid
Hibiscus acetosella
cranberryhibiscusAfricaLeaves rawor cookedLow, subtropics Humid to semi-arid
Manihot esculenta
cassava, yucca,maniocSouth AmericaRoots,leavescookedLow, high,subtropicsHumid to arid
Opuntia ficus-indica
nopale cactus Mesoamerica PadsLow, high,subtropicsHumid to arid
Sauropus androgynous
katuk AsiaLeaves rawor cookedLowlands,subtropicsHumid to mesic
VINES
Genus Species Common Name Origin Part Used Region Humidity
Basella alba
Malabar spinach AsiaLeaves rawor cookedLowlands,subtropicsHumid to semi-arid
Coccinia grandis
ivy gourd AsiaFruit, leavesraw orcookedLowlands,highlands,subtropicsHumid to mesic
Diocorea bulbifera
air potato Asia & AfricaAerial &mothertubersLow, high,subtropicsHumid to mesic
Dioscorea alata
white yam Asia TubersLowlands,subtropicsHumid to mesic
Lablab purpureus
lablab bean* Africa BeansLow, high,subtropicsHumid to semi-arid
Phaseolus coccinneus
runner bean Mesoamerica BeansHighlands,subtropicsHumid to semi-arid
Phaseolus lunatus
lima bean Americas BeansLow, high,subtropicsMesic to semi-arid
Psophocarpus tetragonobolus
winged bean AsiaBeans,leaves,Low, high,subtropicsHumid to mesic
 
flowers,tubers
Sechium edule
chayote MesoamericaFruit,cookedleaves,tubersLow, high,subtropicsHumid to semi-arid
Trichostigma octandrum
Haitian basket vineAmericasLeavescookedLowlands Humid to mesic
Tropaeolum tuberosum
mashua Andes Tubers Highlands Humid to mesic
Ullucus tuberosus
ulluco AndesTubers,leaveshighlands Humid to mesic* Some lablab varieties (typically cover crop forms) are toxic.
MEDIUM TO LARGE HERBS
Genus Species Common Name Origin Part Used Region Humidity
 Allium fistulosum
Welsh onion AsiaScallions,leavesLow, high,subtropicsHumid to semi-arid
 Allium tuberosum
garlic chives AsiaLeaves,flowerbudsLow, high,subtropicsHumid to semi-arid
 Alocasia macrorrhiza
bore Oceania TubersLowlands,highlandsHumid to mesic
 Arracacia xanthorhiza
arracacha Andes Tubers highlands Humid to mesic
Brassica oleracea
“tree collards”,“colocha”Europe Leaves Highlands Humid to semi-arid
Canna edulis
achira Andes Tubers, shootsLow, high,subtropicsHumid to semi-arid
Colocasia esculenta
taro, malanga AsiaTubers, leaves& stems of some vars.Low, high,subtropicsHumid to mesic
Gynura crepioides
Okinawa spinach Asia Leaves Lowlands Humid to mesic
Oxalis tuberosa
oca Andes Tubers Highlands Humid to semi-arid
Smallianthus sonchifolia
yacon Andes TubersLow, high,subtropicsHumid to semi-arid
 Xanthosoma sagittifolium
cocoyam, taioba South AmericaTubers, leaves& stems of Lowlands,subtropicsHumid to mesic

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