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An evolutionary integrated view of regional systems of innovation. Concepts, measures and historical perspectives (Eng)/ Un punto de vista evolutivo integrado de los sistemas regionales de innovación (Ing)/ Eskualdeko berrikuntza sistemen ikustupuntu evolutivo integratua (Ing)

An evolutionary integrated view of regional systems of innovation. Concepts, measures and historical perspectives (Eng)/ Un punto de vista evolutivo integrado de los sistemas regionales de innovación (Ing)/ Eskualdeko berrikuntza sistemen ikustupuntu evolutivo integratua (Ing)

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Published by: EKAI Center on Apr 26, 2012
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10/04/2013

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M` esaiutla`mr| l`tekrmted sle{ ac rekla`mi x|xtejx ac l``asmtla`.Ha`hevtx) jemxurex m`d blxtarlhmi verxvehtlsexXlja`m Lmjjmrl`a
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 MOXT_MHT
Tbe iltermture a` keakrmvblhmi x|xtejx ac l``asmtla` bmx trmdltla`mii| xba{` m ‒`mtla`mi*olmx“ tbmtbmx xtra`ki| mccehted tbe lde`tlclhmtla` ac mhtarx) reimtla`xblvx m`d mttrloutex avermtl`k mt tbe xuo*`mtla`mi xhmie L`deed) tbe blxtarlhmi esaiutla` ac tbe rekla`mi dlje`xla` bmx rmrei| oee`ha`xldered "ljvi|l`k tbmt blxtar|
remii|
jmtterx a`i| mt tbe `mtla`mi iesei, Jadex ac kaser`m`hebmse mixa jaxti| oee` emjl`ed craj m hau`tr| verxvehtlse) {blhb `ekiehtx tbe hajvielt|)beterake`elt| m`d vmtb deve`de`h| ac juitl*iesei kaser`m`he l` hurre`t l``asmtla` x|xtejx
 
Tblxvmver resle{x tbe jml` iltermture a` tbe ha`hevt ac _ekla`mi X|xtejx ac L``asmtla` "_XL,)mdavtl`k m` l`tekrmted sle{ tbmt orl`kx taketber oatb tav*da{` m`d oattaj*uv hbmrmhterlxtlhx m`desaiutla`mr| jehbm`lxjx car tbe vurvaxe ac lde`tlc|l`k _XLx Mcter dlxhuxxl`k ha`hevtumivraoiejx) m`d tbe reiesm`he m`d mvvilhmolilt| ac m` esaiutla`mr| l`tekrmted sle{ ac _XL) tbe hmxeac Ltmi| lx ejvia|ed ta xuvvart tbe mrkuje`t tbmt tbe blxtarlhmi verxvehtlse a` rekla`mi huiturex lxacte` u`msaldmoie l` arder ta mxxexx cuture avvartu`ltlex car rekla`mi deseiavje`t
GEI Himxxlclhmtla`
7 A8) _=) A=
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7 Tehb`aiaklhmi Hbm`ke) _ekla`mi X|xtejx ac L``asmtla`) _ekla`mi Deseiavje`t
 
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XV_U) U`lserxlt| ac Xuxxe "UN,) m`d U`lserxlt| ac _aje ’Im Xmvle`wm‚ "Ltmi|, Mddrexx car harrexva`de`he7XV_U) Tbe Creejm` He`tre) U`lserxlt| ac Xuxxe) Orlkbta`) O@= <]E) U`lted Nl`kdaj Tei7 .44 "6,=?;8 2;;535Cm7 .44 "6,=?;8 325235 E*jmli7xlmjjmrl`aFxuxxemhunTbe mutbar lx krmtecui car beivcui m`d smiumoie hajje`tx a` emriler serxla`x ac tblx vmver craj Xujm Mtbre|e) _a`Oaxhbjm) @lhn sa` Tu`weijm``) m`d a`e m`a`|jaux receree L {auid ilne mixa ta tbm`n tbe vmrtlhlvm`tx l` tbeha`cere`he a` ’_ekla`milxmtla` ac L``asmtla` Vailh|‚) DL[) Oeril`) 5*3 Gu`e ?664) car tbe ilsei| m`d xtljuimtl`kdeomte Tbe uxumi dlxhimljer mvvilex
 
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M` esaiutla`mr| l`tekrmted sle{ ac rekla`mi x|xtejx ac l``asmtla`.Ha`hevtx) jemxurex m`d blxtarlhmi verxvehtlsex
Xlja`m Lmjjmrl`a
 =. L`traduhtla`
Xl`he tbe mvvemrm`he ac tbe clrxt iltermture a` @mtla`mi X|xtejx ac L``asmtla` "@XLx, tbe ldem ac mvvi|l`k
taut haurt 
m xljlimr ha`hevtumi verxvehtlse mt m xjmiier keakrmvblhmi iesei ‘ rekla`mi) arese` iahmi ‘ bmx oee` ser| tejvtl`k "Orexhbl) =<<5> Haane et mi) =<<;> Ba{eiix) =<<<, Ba{eser){blixt m @XL hm``at o| m`| jem`x oe ha`xldered mx oel`k tbe xljvie xuj ac rekla`mi x|xtejx)mttejvtx ta cl`d xaje nl`d ac xtm`dmrdlxmtla` ac xuo*`mtla`mi x|xtejx ac l``asmtla` bmse xa cmre`hau`tered t{a jmgar vraoiejxTbe clrxt a`e) tbearetlhmi l` `mture) mrlxex craj tbe cmht tbmt keakrmvblhmi l``asmtla` x|xtejx bmseoee` ha`hevtumilxed m`d mvviled o| ha`xlderl`k hajva`e`tx) reimtla`xblvx m`d mttrloutex) {blhbavermte m`d mre kaser`ed jml`i| mt tbe `mtla`mi iesei L`deed) tbe x|xtejx ac l``asmtla` "XL,mvvramhb mxxujed) mt iemxt l` ltx arlkl`mi carjuimtla`) tbmt ne| dehlxla`*jmnl`k vrahexxexrekmrdl`k tbe mkkrekmte ac jlhra*cau`ded l``asmtla` mhtlsltlex mre tmne` mt m jmhra "`mtla`mi,iesei m`d) e}umii|) tbmt juhb jlhra*iesei mhtlslt| lx il`ned tbraukb m jmhra "`mtla`mi, {eo ac l`terha``ehtla`x Be`he) l` tbe XL iltermture tbe jadex ac kaser`m`he ‘ le jmrnetx) harvarmteblermrhblex) vailtlhmi blermrhblex m`d `et{arnx ‘ bmse oee` rekmrded jaxti| craj m hau`tr|verxvehtlse) {blhb lk`arex tbe hajvielt|) beterake`elt| m`d vmtb deve`de`h| ac juitl*ieseikaser`m`he l` hurre`t XL xettl`kx "sa` Tu`weijm``) ?664,
 
Tblx ‒`mtla`mi*olmx“ bmx xtra`ki|mccehted lde`tlclhmtla` ac tbe reiesm`t mhtarx) reimtla`xblvx m`d mttrloutex avermtl`k mt tbe jexa"xuo*`mtla`mi, xhmie m`d ser| rmrei| bmx tbe rekla`mi dlje`xla` eccehtlsei| oee` ha`xldered l`terjx ac ltx blxtarlhmi esaiutla`) ljvi|l`k tbmt blxtar|
remii|
jmtterx a`i| mt tbe `mtla`mi iesei Tblxolmx bmx mixa ha`trlouted ta hremtl`k xaje ha`cuxla` l` tbe vailh| deomte) mrkumoi| iemdl`k ta mslrtumi dlxtl`htla` oet{ee` ‒xt|ilxed“ m`d ‒mhtumi“ _ekla`mi X|xtejx ac L``asmtla`x "_XLx, m`d tam` ehexxlse hrltlhlxj ac tbe ha`hevtumi crmje{arn) tbereo| u`derjl`l`k tbe xemrhb car oetterjetbadx ta text ltx smildlt|Tbe xeha`d m`d reimted vraoiej lx tbe {eii rehak`lxed m`d oramd ‒rekla`mi jemxureje`t lxxue“Tbe msmlimolilt| ac dmtm m`d l`dlhmtarx a` tbe hbmrmhterlxtlhx m`d oebmslaurx `at a`i| ac clrjx) outmixa ac tbe juitltude ac mhtarx m`d xetx ac l`xtltutla`x {baxe l`termhtla`x deterjl`e tbe l``asmtlse
 
 8
vercarjm`he ac tbe rekla`) lx juhb oetter mt `mtla`mi tbm` mt xuo*`mtla`mi iesei Tblx bmx curtberha`xtrml`ed tbe vaxxlolilt| ac eviarl`k tbe `mture m`d esaiutla` ac _XL omxed a` xtmtlxtlhmii|raouxt eslde`he "xee mja`k atberx) Ormhw|n et mi) =<<2> Esm`keilxtm et mi) ?66?,Tblx vmver tmnex tbe sle{ tbmt m tav*da{` "
jmhra*ta*jlhra
, ha`hevtumi verxvehtlse) le tbe ‒xblct“ac @XL cemturex da{` ta tbe rekla`mi xhmie) mitbaukb lt vrasldex tbe `ehexxmr| ha`dltla`x tadlxtl`kulxb _XLx lx `at o| ltxeic xucclhle`t Lt lx `ehexxmr| ta l`tekrmte tbe tav*da{` sle{ {ltb moattaj*uv "
jlhra*ta*jexa
, verxvehtlse ‘ tmhnil`k mixa tbe l`ter`mi d|`mjlhx ac rekla`mii|ejoedded xahlmi) eha`ajlh m`d l`xtltutla`mi xtruhturex) {baxe m`mi|xlx l` terjx ac blxtarlhmiarlkl`x m`d esaiutla` ac rekla`mi huiturex) jm| curtber beiv ta recahux tbe `mtla`mii|*olmxed‒Ilxtlm`“ sle{ ac l``asmtla` x|xtejx "Haane) ?66=> Davcer et mi) ?664, Jareaser) {blixt hiemrtbl`nl`k a` _XLx lx aoslauxi| m vrere}ulxlte car jmnl`k xe`xloie vailh| ljvilhmtla`x) mde}umte dmtmm`d jetbadaiaklex mre hruhlmi ta deterjl`e {betber tbe ha`hevtumi mvvramhb lx xulted talde`tlc|l`k xtruhturmi rekuimrltlex ac rekla`mi x|xtejx m`d vrasldl`k xau`d `arjmtlse guxtlclhmtla`xcar vuoilh l`terse`tla`Tbe vmver lx arkm`lxed l` clse xehtla`x Tbe `et xehtla` resle{x tbe jml` iltermture a` tbe ha`hevtac _XLx) mdavtl`k m` l`tekrmted sle{ tbmt orl`kx taketber tav*da{` m`d oattaj*uv hbmrmhterlxtlhx)m`d esaiutla`mr| jehbm`lxjx car tbe vurvaxe ac lde`tlclhmtla` ac _XLx Xehtla` 8 dlxhuxxex tbereiesm`he m`d mvvilhmolilt| ac tbe esaiutla`mr| l`tekrmted ha`hevt ac _XLx o| mddrexxl`k xuhb}uextla`x mx7 ta {bmt ete`t lx tbe x|xtej vartrm|ed l` xuhb m crmje{arn mvvilhmoie m`d revilhmoie1Da hurre`ti| msmlimoie dmtm m`d l`dlhmtarx revraduhe oatb xtruhture m`d vercarjm`he ac _XLx1Daex tbe l`tekrmtla` ac ha`hevtx m`d jemxurex mhtumii| vraslde m `arjmtlse omxe car rekla`mivailh|1 Xehtla` 4 mttejvtx m clrxt mvvilhmtla` ac tbe esaiutla`mr| d|`mjlh sle{ ac _XLx ta tbe hmxeac Ltmi|) {blhb accerx xtra`k xuvvart car tbe mrkuje`t tbmt uxe ac tbe blxtarlhmi verxvehtlse mx mcliter lx acte` u`msaldmoie l` mxxexxl`k cuture avvartu`ltlex car rekla`mi deseiavje`t Xehtla` 5vrexe`tx xaje ha`hiudl`k rejmrnx) m`d drm{x aut tbe jml` ljvilhmtla`x m`d dlrehtla`x car cuturerexemrhb
?. Tav*da{`) oattaj*uv m`d l`tekrmted sle{x ac _XLx
Tbe ete`xlse iltermture a` tbe mdsm`tmkex ac keakrmvblhmi mkkiajermtla` {ltb vmrtlhuimr recere`heta l``asmtla` m`d tehb`aiak| mhtlsltlex) bmx ke`ermii| e`hajvmxxex t{a dlxtl`ht verxvehtlsex a`tbe reimtla`xblv oet{ee` l``asmtla` m`d xvmhe Tbe clrxt mvvramhb) m`d m`tehede`t ta tbe xeha`d)caiia{x tbe Jmrxbmiilm` trmdltla` l` tr|l`k ta lde`tlc| tbexe mdsm`tmkex m`d tbelr ljvilhmtla`x car

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