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Lean Six Sigma Glossary

Lean Six Sigma Glossary

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Published by Steven Bonacorsi
I hope you find these Lean Six Sigma Training Overviews Helpful, collectively they offer an equivalent White Belt Level Training.

Interested in obtaining Lean Six Sigma Training, Project Coaching, and Certification? Please contact me below:

Steven Bonacorsi, MBB / Vice President
http://www.linkedin.com/in/StevenBonacorsi
603-401-7047
sbonacorsi@comcast.net
http://www.theaitgroup.com
I hope you find these Lean Six Sigma Training Overviews Helpful, collectively they offer an equivalent White Belt Level Training.

Interested in obtaining Lean Six Sigma Training, Project Coaching, and Certification? Please contact me below:

Steven Bonacorsi, MBB / Vice President
http://www.linkedin.com/in/StevenBonacorsi
603-401-7047
sbonacorsi@comcast.net
http://www.theaitgroup.com

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Published by: Steven Bonacorsi on Dec 18, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/26/2011

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Lean SixSigma
Copyright 2005, AIT Group Inc. All rights reserved.
1
Lean Six SigmaLean Six SigmaWhite Belt TrainingWhite Belt Training
 
Copyright 2005, AIT Group Inc. All rights reserved.
2
Lean SixSigma
Lean Six Sigma Glossary
 – Page 1
5S’s:
ordered actions used to achieve a clean, well-organized workplace; Sort, Simplify, Sanitize,Standardize, Sustain
6M’s:
categories representing the sources of variation (Man, Method, Material, Measurement, Mother Nature, Machine)
7 Wastes:
Defects, Over Production, Transportation, Waiting, Inventory/Storage, Motion, Processing
Common Cause:
used to refer to variation that happens in the same way from worker to worker, hour tohour, lot to lot, etc.; on a control chart, common causes by definition
always
fall within control limits. Seealso Special Cause.
Control Chart:
a graphical tool for monitoring a process and/or for determining where variation lies; controlcharts show results over time, with +/- 3σ boundaries representing the upper and lower control limits(UCL/LCLs)
Control Methods:
standard methods implemented during the “control” phase of the DMAIC process include:fix, minimize, standardize, measure and monitor, communicate and audit
Controllable Inputs:
input variables (x’s) that can be changed to see the effect on Process Output Variables(y’s); sometimes called “Knob” Variables
Critical Characteristics (in FMEA):
those items which affect customer safety and/or could result in non-compliance to regulations and thus require controls to ensure 100% compliance; these are usually process“settings” such as temperature, time, speed, etc.
Critical Inputs:
x’s that the tools (FMEA, DOE, SPC,etc.) and significant process knowledge have
 proved 
tohave a major impact on the variability of the y’s
Current Controls (in FMEA):
are the mechanisms (for both design and process) which prevent the cause of the failure mode from occurring, or detect the failure mode, should it occur, before the product reachesyour “customer”; for example current controls include SPC, inspections, written procedures, training,preventive maintenance and all other activities that ensure a smooth running process
Cycle Time (C/T):
time that elapses between one product exiting the process to the next product coming outor the time it takes to complete a process step; typically the value-added time.
 
Copyright 2005, AIT Group Inc. All rights reserved.
3
Lean SixSigma
Lean Six Sigma Glossary
 – Page 2
Defect:
any error or nonconformance which adds cost without adding value
Defective:
a part that is not acceptable due to one or more defects
Detection (in FMEA):
an assessment of the likelihood that the current controls (design and process) willdetect the cause (process weakness) of the failure mode, should it occur, thus preventing it from reachingyour customer; the customer in this case could be the next operation, subsequent operations, or the enduser 
Discrimination (in MSE):
the technological ability of the measurement system to adequately differentiatebetween measured values for a selected parameter 
DMAIC:
the standard framework for Lean Six Sigma projects/implementations, which stands for “Define,Measure, Analyze, Improve, Control”
DOE:
Design of Experiment
DPMO:
Defects Per Million Opportunities
DPO:
Defect Per Opportunity
DPU:
Defects Per Unit
Experimentation:
the manipulation of controllable factors (independent variables) at different levels to seetheir effect on some response (dependent variable); common methods include: trial-and-error, one-factor-at-a-time, full factorial, and fractional factorial
External Work:
set-up activities which can be performed while the machine (or process) is running; See alsoInternal Work
Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA):
tool used to assess the potential failure modes of a process,and the likely effects of potential failures; developed by NASA to eliminate failures during the
 planning 
 phase of a project
Flow Production:
continuous movement of the product or service from start to finish without interruption or storage with the intent to eliminate batch sizing and produce at the smallest possible increment
FPY:
First Pass Yield; the measure typically referred to as “yield”; the total number of parts that are accepteddivided by the total number of parts that were started
Gage R&R:
Gage Repeatability and Reproducibility, a measure of variation arising from the use of a specificmeasurement device and/or the operator of the measurement device

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