The armed conflict in Sierra Leone started in March 1991 when armed fightersknown as the Revolutionary United Front (RUF), led by Foday Sankoh, attacked SierraLeone from Liberia. The RUF continued their insurgency against the Government despitethe Abidjan Peace Accord in November 1996. In a coup on 25 May 1997, members of theSierra Leone Army overthrew the democratically elected Government of Ahmad TejanKabbah and invited the RUF to join its Junta Government, called the Armed ForcesRevolutionary Council (AFRC).4.
As leader of the NPFL (National Patriotic Front of Liberia) and later as Presidentof Liberia, the Accused is alleged to have acted in concert with members of the RUF(Revolutionary United Front), AFRC (Armed Forces Revolutionary Council),AFRC/RUF Junta or alliance and/or Liberian fighters, including members and ex-members of the NPFL (Liberian fighters). Specifically, in that capacity, the Accused isalleged to have assisted, encouraged, directed and/or controlled the above mentionedwarring factions in conducting armed attacks in the territory of Sierra Leone from 30 November 1996 to 18 January 2002 (the Indictment period). The attacks includedterrorizing the civilian population including burning of civilian homes, murder, sexualviolence, physical violence, illegal recruitment of child soldiers, abduction and forcedlabour, and looting.
The Prosecution case commenced on 4 June 2007 and closed on 27 February2009. During the Defence case, the Prosecution was granted leave to re-open its case tocall three additional witnesses who testified on 5, 9 and 10 August 2010. In sum, 94witnesses testified for the Prosecution, including three expert witnesses. A total of 782Prosecution exhibits were admitted into evidence including five expert reports.6.
The Defence opened its case on 13 July 2009 and closed on 12 November 2010,having called 21 witnesses, including the Accused, who testified for seven months, from14 July 2009 until 18 February 2010. A total of 740 Defence exhibits were admitted intoevidence.