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Concord v Gardner Exhibits

Concord v Gardner Exhibits

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Published by Grant Bosse
Exhibits in City of Concord redistricting lawsuit.
Exhibits in City of Concord redistricting lawsuit.

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Published by: Grant Bosse on Apr 26, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/13/2014

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THESTATEOFNEWHAMPSHIREMERRIMACK,S.S.SUPERIORCOURTCityofConcord,Petitioner
v.
WilliamM.Gardner,inhisofficialcapacityasSecretaryofStateoftheStateofNewHampshire,RespondentDocketNo.
------
CITYOFCONCORD'SPETITIONFORDECLARATORYANDPRELIMINARYANDPERMANENTINJUNCTIVERELIEFWITHREQUESTFOREXPEDITEDHEARING
TheCityofConcord,byandthroughtheOfficeoftheCitySolicitor,movesfordeclaratoryandinjunctivereliefagainstWilliamM.Gardner,inhisofficialcapacityasSecretaryoftheState,todeclareRSA662:5(2012)tobeunconstitutionaltotheextentthatthestatutoryredistrictingplandeniesConcordWard5astaterepresentativeand,instead,combinesConcordWard5withtheTownofHopkintontocreateamulti-memberdistrictwhichvotesforthreestaterepresentatives.Thismulti-memberdistrict,whichdeniesConcordWard5itsownrepresentative,violatestheNewHampshireConstitution,PartII,Article11.TheCityofConcordalsoseeksapreliminaryinjunctiontoenjointheSecretaryofStatefromtheacceptanceoffilingsfortheofficeofStateRepresentativecommencingonJune6,2012,andtorequiretheLegislaturetocreateandinstituteanalternateapportionmentplanforConcordWard5underRSA662:5intimefortheprimaryelectiontobeheldonSeptember11,2012andthegeneralelectiontobeheldonNovember6,2012.
PARTIES,JURISDICTIONANDVENUE
1.Petitioner,theCityofConcord("City"),isamunicipalcorporationdulycharteredbytheStateofNewHampshirewithausualplaceofbusinessat41GreenStreet,Concord,NewHampshire.
1
 
2.Respondent,WilliamM.Gardner,istheSecretaryofStateoftheStateofNewHampshirewithanofficeat107NorthMainStreet,Concord,NewHampshire.RespondentWilliamM.GardnerisnamedasaRespondentinthisactionsolelyinhisofficialcapacityasSecretaryoftheStateofNewHampshire.3.TheSuperiorCourthasjurisdictionpursuanttoRSA491:7,RSA498:1andRSA498:2.4.MerrimackCountySuperiorCourtistheappropriatevenueforthismatterpursuanttoRSA507:9,althoughtheCityofConcordisseekingtotransfervenuepursuanttoRSA507:11toallowtheconsolidationofthiscasewithotherlawsuitsthatarebeingfiledintheHillsboroughCountySuperiorCourt,NorthernDistrict.
GOVERNINGLAW
5.ThebienniallyelectedNewHampshireHouseofRepresentativeshas400members.TheNewHampshireLegislatureisentrustedwiththepowertodivideourstateintodistrictsforpurposesofelectingitsmembers.TheNewHampshireConstitution,PartI,Article11,guaranteesthatallcitizenswillhaveanequalrighttovote.TheUnitedStatesConstitutionsimilarlycontainsa"oneperson,onevote"requirement,whichhasbeeninterpretedtorequirealldistrictsbenearlyequalinpopulation"aspracticable."U.S.CONST.amendXIV,§1("NoStateshall...denytoanypersonwithinitsjurisdictiontheequalprotectionofthelaws");
Reynolds
v.
Sims,
377U.S.533,577(1964)(explainingthattheEqualProtectionClauseoftheFourteenthAmendmentoftheUnitedStatesConstitutionrequiresstatelegislativedistrictstobesubstantiallyequalinpopulationsothateachperson'svotehasequalweightasnearlyaspracticable).2
 
6.WithrespecttotheNewHampshireHouseofRepresentatives,theconstitutionalrequirementsgoverningtheactivitiesofredistrictingaresetforthintheNewHampshireConstitution,PartII,Articles9and11.TheNewHampshireConstitutionrequirestheLegislaturetoredraweachrepresentativedistrict"asequalascircumstanceswilladmit"everytenyears,baseduponthedecennialcensusconductedbytheUnitedStatesCensusBureau.N.H.CONST.pt.II,art.9.Inapportioningseats,"notown,wardorplaceshallbedividednortheboundariesthereofaltered."
ld.
7.TheNewHampshireConstitution,PartII,Article11,asamendedin2006,furtherrequirestheformationofdistrictsfortheNewHampshireHouseofRepresentativesinthefollowingmanner:[SmallTowns;RepresentationbyDistricts.]Whenthepopulationofanytownorward,accordingtothelastfederalcensus,iswithinareasonabledeviationfromtheidealpopulationforoneormorerepresentativeseats,
thetownorwardshallhaveitsowndistrictofoneormorerepresentativeseats.
Theapportionmentshallnotdenyanyothertownorwardmembershipinonenon-floterialrepresentativedistrict.Whenanytown,ward,orunincorporatedplacehasfewerthanthenumberofinhabitantsnecessarytoentitleittoonerepresentative,thelegislatureshallformthosetowns,wards,orunincorporatedplacesintorepresentativedistrictswhichcontainasufficientnumberofinhabitantstoentitleeachdistrictsoformedtooneormorerepresentativesfortheentiredistrict.Informingthedistricts,theboundariesoftowns,wards,andunincorporatedplacesshallbepreservedandcontiguous.Theexcessnumberofinhabitantsofdistrictmaybeaddedtotheexcessnumberofinhabitantsofotherdistrictstoformat-largeorfloterialdistrictsconformingtoacceptabledeviations.Thelegislatureshallformtherepresentativedistrictsattheregularsessionfollowingeverydecennialfederalcensus.(Emphasisadded.)8.TheNewHampshireConstitution,PartII,Article11wasmostrecentlyamendedbyNewHampshirevotersonNovember7,2006,asaresultofConstitutionalAmendmentConcurrentResolution41(CACR41).TheNewHampshireSupremeCourthasrecognizedthatCACR41waslikelyaresponsetoitsdecisionin
Burling
v.
SpeakeroftheHouse,
148N.H.143
3

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