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Dynamical analogies OR Thermodynamics without Entropy

# Dynamical analogies OR Thermodynamics without Entropy

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There are two major parts of thermodynamics, one is entropy, the other is energy conversion between differing types. But energy conversion is important even when the types are not disorganized sources, such as electrical to mechanical via a motor.
There are two major parts of thermodynamics, one is entropy, the other is energy conversion between differing types. But energy conversion is important even when the types are not disorganized sources, such as electrical to mechanical via a motor.

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04/23/2012

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Thermodynamics without entropy
or analogies among dynamical systems
please note the distinction between Static and Dynamic energy storagessmall w denotes total energy, capital W denotes energy densitysystems can be “lumped parameter” or distributedFour variable models -- note the “oddball” down in the lower left corner yes, Virginia,
dynamic
is really different from
static
energy storage (you alwaysknew there was something strange about kinetic energy and momentum)Primary
network
variables are the ones whose product is power (or power flux)and whose ratio is impedance -- the use of any other variable pair as the primaryvariables impedes building complicated systems from elementary building blocks;although it can, at times, be thermodynamically advantageous

v
q
λ
i
v
q
λ
iw
static
=
∫
v
dqw
dynamic
=
∫
id
λ
Power =
v
iImpedance =
v
/i
d
⁄
dtd
⁄
dt

Pushstuff ThudFlowCL
Electrical
LumpedElement
Uncertainty Pair

Fx pv
Force positionmomentumvelocity
Fx pvw
static
=
∫
F

• dxw
dynamic
=
∫
v• d p
Power =F

vMechanical Impedance =F/v
d
⁄
dtd
⁄
dt

Pushstuff ThudFlow1/k
Linear Mechanical
LumpedElement
Variables (i.e.,F,x,v, p) may be scalars or vectors.
Uncertainty Pair