obama and the middle east
Copyright © Fawaz A. Gerges, 2012 All rights reserved.First published in 2012 by PALGRAVE MACMILLAN® in the United States—a divisiono St. Martin’s Press LLC, 175 Fith Avenue, New York, NY 10010. Where this book is distributed in the UK, Europe and the rest o the world, this is by Palgrave Macmillan, a division o Macmillan Publishers Limited, registered in England,company number 785998, o Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire RG21 6XS.Palgrave Macmillan is the global academic imprint o the above companies and hascompanies and representatives throughout the world.Palgrave® and Macmillan® are registered trademarks in the United States, the UnitedKingdom, Europe and other countries.ISBN: 978-0-230-11381-7Library o Congress Cataloging-in-Publication DataGerges, Fawaz A., 1958–Obama and the Middle East / Fawaz Gerges.p. cm.Includes bibliographical reerences.ISBN 978-0-230-11381-71. United States—Foreign relations—Middle East. 2. Middle East—Foreign relations—United States. 3. Obama, Barack—Political and socialviews. 4. United States—Foreign relations—2009– 5. United States—Foreignrelations—2001–2009. I. Title.DS63.2.U5G45 2011327.73056—dc232011019900 A catalogue record o the book is available rom the British Library.Design by Letra Libre Inc.First edition: May 201210 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1Printed in the United States o America.