Abrasion (geologic): a form of mechanical weathering where loose fragments are transported with water orwind.Abrasion (mechanical): wearing away by friction.Abrasive: particles propelled at a velocity sufficient to cause cleaning or wearing away of a surface.Abrasive Jetting: a perforating process involving pumping a slurry of liquid and size particles through anozzle to cut through steel and rock.ABS: American Bureau of Shipping.ABS (plastic): Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene.Absolute Ages: estimation/measurement of age of a formation, fossil, etc., in years before the present.Absolute Filter Level: a filter rating that purports to set the maximum size of an opening in a filter or themaximum size of the particle that can pass through the filter. The definition varies with use and company.Absolute Open Flow (AOF): the maximum rate that a well can produce at the lowest possible bottom holepressure.Absolute Open Flow Potential: the theoretical maximum flow that a well could deliver with a zerobackpressure at the middle of the perforations.Absolute Permeability: permeability to a single phase fluid in a cleaned core.Absolute Porosity: the percentage of the total bulk volume that is pore spaces, voids or fractures.Absolute Pressure: the reading of gauge pressure plus the atmospheric pressure.Absolute Temperature: temperature measurement starting at absolute zero (total absence of heat).
Absolute Viscosity: the measure of a fluid’s ability to resist flow without re
gards to its density. It is defined
as a fluid’s kinematic viscosity multiplied by its density.
Absolute Volume: the volume a solid occupies when added to a fluid divided by its weight. m
/kg or gal/lb.Absolute Zero: zero point on the absolute temperature scale; equal to -273.16 degrees C, or 0 degrees K(Kelvin), or -459.69 degrees F, or 0 degrees R (Rankine).Absorb: to fill part or all of the pore spaces.Absorber: a vertical, cylindrical vessel that recovers heavier (longer carbon chain) hydrocarbons from amixture of lighter hydrocarbons.Absorptance (seismic): the ratio of the energy absorbed by a formation in relationship to the total energypassing through it.Absorption (processing): the ability of one material to absorb another.Absorption Gasoline: gasoline extracted from wet natural gas by putting the gas in contact with oil.Absorption Oil (facilities): the wash oil used to remove heavier hydrocarbons from the gas stream.Abyssal: depositional environment of the deepest areas of the oceans.