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Europe and the Arab revolutions: a new vision for democracy and human rights

Europe and the Arab revolutions: a new vision for democracy and human rights

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The Arab revolutions present the EU with a challenge: embarrassed by support for the stability offered by former leaders, it now wants to support democracy and human rights in a region where popular representation may conflict with liberal values.
In a new policy brief published by ECFR, Susi Dennison and Anthony Dworkin lay out the dilemmas presented by the Arab revolutions. They argue that Europe should concentrate on helping create the building blocks of accountable states while encouraging the background conditions of social, economic and cultural factors that create sustainable political openness.

The authors argue that:
- In Libya, Tunisia and Egypt the EU must push for the political and institutional foundations of an accountable state. It must build relationships with all political groups, including the Muslim Brotherhood and other Islamic parties.
- Where overt repression continues, as in Syria, the EU must make a stand while looking for ways to end the violence and move towards legitimate government, working with other neighbourhood states.
- The EU’s relations with recalcitrant regimes must be businesslike, for instance by voicing concerns over lack of reform when dealing with Algeria over energy.
The Arab revolutions present the EU with a challenge: embarrassed by support for the stability offered by former leaders, it now wants to support democracy and human rights in a region where popular representation may conflict with liberal values.
In a new policy brief published by ECFR, Susi Dennison and Anthony Dworkin lay out the dilemmas presented by the Arab revolutions. They argue that Europe should concentrate on helping create the building blocks of accountable states while encouraging the background conditions of social, economic and cultural factors that create sustainable political openness.

The authors argue that:
- In Libya, Tunisia and Egypt the EU must push for the political and institutional foundations of an accountable state. It must build relationships with all political groups, including the Muslim Brotherhood and other Islamic parties.
- Where overt repression continues, as in Syria, the EU must make a stand while looking for ways to end the violence and move towards legitimate government, working with other neighbourhood states.
- The EU’s relations with recalcitrant regimes must be businesslike, for instance by voicing concerns over lack of reform when dealing with Algeria over energy.

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Published by: ECFR, European Council on Foreign Relations on Apr 27, 2012
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@g tad hcid jh tadyd ije}bdq iacbbdgkdy" tad DT acy yj hc~yt~kkbdo tj }bcp c y`kg`icgt ~jbd `g yac}`gk tad ij~ydjh odxdbj}edgty `g tad yjtad~g Edo`td~~cgdcg' Cbb jh `tyt~co`t`jgcb `gyt~edgty ~`yf nd`gk `gdhhdit`xd `g ta`y iacgkdodgx`~jgedgt' Hj~ dqce}bd" D~j}dcg bdcod~y acxd jhhd~do cibjyd~ }c~tgd~ya`} hj~ tajyd ijgt~`dy tact den~cid }jb`t`icb~dhj~e ta~jka tad D~j}dcg Gd`kanj~ajjo ]jb`ip !DG])'Nt `t ~dec`gy gid~tc`g {adtad~ tad DT‐y `gidgt`xdy {`bb ndctt~cit`xd dgjka tj `gdgid tad }jb`t`icb icbibct`jgy jh bjicbdb`tdy' Dkp}t‐y odi`y`jg tj ~dldit c bjcg jhhd~do jg hcxj~cnbdtd~ey np tad @gtd~gct`jgcb Ejgdtc~p Hgo !@EH) dc~b`d~ ta`y pdc~ `bbyt~ctdo tad ydgy`t`x`tp tact dq`yty cnjt ciid}t`gk c`o {`ta ijgo`t`jgy h~je tad [dyt" dy}di`cbbp {adg gcgi`gk {`tajt yt~`gky `y cxc`bcnbd h~je tad Kbh' @g cgp icyd" tadDT `y gjt `g c }jy`t`jg tj }~jx`od ecyy`xd gcgi`cb cyy`ytcgidcgo DT edend~ ytctdy ecp gjt nd ~dcop tj jhhd~ tad f`gojh ijgidyy`jgy jg t~cod cgo x`yc b`nd~cb`yct`jg `g {a`ia tadijgt~`dy jh tad yjtad~g Edo`td~~cgdcg c~d `gtd~dytdo'_ad yd jh ijgo`t`jgcb`tp" {a`ia `y cg dyydgt`cb }c~t jh tad DT‐ygd`kanj~ajjo }jb`ip" `y cbyj ej~d ije}b`ictdo `g c {j~botact gj bjgkd~ ciid}ty D~j}d cy c kbjncb c~n`td~ jh g`xd~ycb xcbdy' _ad DT ~`katbp {cgty tj cxj`o ~d}dct`gk `ty }~dx`jydgoj~ydedgt jh ctaj~`tc~`cg ~dk`edy yia cy ]~dy`odgtNdg Cb`‐y `g _g`y`c cy ~dhj~ed~y jg tad ncy`y jh ejod~g`y`gk}~jk~ceedy tact o`o gjt ijgtc`g cgp edcg`gkhb }jb`t`icbije}jgdgt' _ad tdiagji~ct`i c}}~jcia tact tad DT hjbbj{do ndhj~d tad ~dxjbt`jgy" c`e`gk ct c k~cocb ijgxd~kdgid jh }c~tgd~ ijgt~`dy jg D~j}dcg ~dkbctj~p ytcgoc~oy" bdht `t `bb%ds`}}do tj ecfd tc~kdtdo `gtd~xdgt`jgy jg }jb`t`icb ~dhj~e'Dscbbp" tajka" `t {jbo nd `gc}}~j}~`ctd cgo g~dcb`yt`itj ~ds`~d Gj~ta Ch~`icg cgo E`oobd Dcytd~g ijgt~`dy tjijgxd~kd jg c D~j}dcg%ytpbd b`nd~cb odeji~ct`i }jb`t`icbejodb cy c ijgo`t`jg hj~ coo`t`jgcb cyy`ytcgid ’ dy}di`cbbp {adgtad `gidgt`xdy jg jhhd~ h~je tad DT c~d yj ejodyt j~ ~dejtd'_~cgy`t`jgcb ijgt~`dy yia cy Dkp}t cgo _g`y`c c~d yt~jgkbp ~dy`ytcgt tj tad `odc tact tad DT yajbo y`t `g lokedgt jg
 
9
tad }jb`t`icb iaj`idy ecod np tad`~ }j}bct`jgy" gj{ tact tadp acxd ta~j{g jhh o`itctj~y tact D~j}dcg bdcod~y {d~d ac}}p tj dgkckd {`ta' DT jhi`cby ~d}j~t tact ije}bc`gty cnjtijgo`t`jgcb`tp c~d cb{cpy tad ~yt ynldit tj nd ~c`ydo `g }nb`ieddt`gky cgo }~dyy ijghd~dgidy `g tad ~dk`jg' @g ijgt~`dytact acxd gjt pdt ijee`ttdo tj odeji~cip cgo {ad~d tad DT {cgty tj dgij~ckd kdg`gd ~dhj~e" `t hcidy tad }~jnbde tactyjed edend~ ytctdy ~dbp jg ij%j}d~ct`jg {`ta tad i~~dgt}jb`t`icb ctaj~`t`dy cgo db`tdy" cgo c~d ~dbitcgt tj cb`dgctdtade ta~jka i~`t`i`ye j~ {`taajbo`gk ndgdty' Cy D~j}dcgbdcod~y yt~kkbd tj go tad ~`kat bcgkckd tj ecfd tadeydbxdyadc~o `g tad ~dk`jg" tadp ijgh~jgt tjka sdyt`jgy cnjt tad`e}j~tcgid jh ijgy`ytdgip< tadp eyt odi`od {act b`gd tj tcfd {`ta ijgt~`dy b`fd Cbkd~`c j~ tad Kbh ytctdy {ajyd dgd~kp ~dyj~idy ecfd tade `eegd tj D~j}dcg }~dyy~d cgo {a`ia yaj{ gj ~dcb `gtd~dyt `g dq}cgo`gk tad }jb`t`icb ~`katyjh tad`~ }dj}bd'H`gcbbp" tad DT hcidy tad gd{ iacbbdgkd jh y}}j~t`gkodeji~ct`i ~dhj~e `g cg dgx`~jgedgt `g {a`ia }nb`ijhi`cby cgo }jb`t`icb icgo`octdy" `gibo`gk dxdg ~dhj~ed~y"ecp gjt {cgt tj cyyji`ctd tadeydbxdy {`ta tad [dyt' Hj~dqce}bd" tad `gtd~`e kjxd~gedgt `g Dkp}t acy ~dhydo tadDT‐y jhhd~ jh dbdit`jg ejg`tj~y cgo" ciij~o`gk tj D~j}dcgjhi`cby" acy gjt yaj{g `tydbh ~did}t`xd tj D~j}dcg cox`idjg jtad~ cy}dity jh }jb`t`icb ~dhj~e' _ad kjxd~gedgt ~didgtbp ijgoitdo cg `gxdyt`kct`jg jh GKJy ~did`x`gk gctaj~`ydohj~d`kg hgo`gk cgo acy ~dhd~~do 90 hj~ }jyy`nbd }~jydit`jggod~ c Enc~cf%d~c bc{'
3
Ydibc~ b`nd~cb }jb`t`icb }c~t`dy {c~g tact c ibjyd ~dbct`jgya`} {`ta tad DT {jbo oceckd tad`~dbditj~cb }~jy}dity cgo tay nd ijgtd~}~joit`xd' @g yaj~t"odeji~cip acy gjt bdo tj odecgoy hj~ c ibjyd~ }c~tgd~ya`} {`ta tad DT' Cgo dxdg {ad~d i`x`b yji`dtp k~j}y ~dec`g`gtd~dytdo `g D~j}dcg y}}j~t" tad DT ojdy gjt i~~dgtbp acxd c {cp jh }~jx`o`gk cyy`ytcgid s`ifbp cgo dq`nbp tjk~j}y tact acxd aco tj j}d~ctd god~ tad ~coc~ j~ c~d nd`gkgd{bp dytcnb`yado `g tad chtd~ecta jh ~dxjbt`jg'@g cbb tadyd {cpy" tad iacbbdgkdy }jydo np tad C~cn }~`y`gkyc~d ~d}~dydgtct`xd jh tad ije}bdq`t`dy jh y}}j~t`gk odeji~cip cgo aecg ~`katy `g c {j~bo `g {a`ia tad DT cgo tad [dytej~d kdgd~cbbp gj bjgkd~ dgljp kbjncb }~d%de`gdgid' _addijgje`i yiidyy jh Ia`gc cgo tad dijgje`i i~`y`y `g tad [dyt acxd n~jfdg tad cyyji`ct`jg ndt{ddg b`nd~cb }jb`t`icbypytdey cgo }~jy}d~`tp' Cy kbjncb }j{d~ ya`hty tj{c~oy Cy`ccgo Bct`g Ced~`ic" `t {jbo nd cgcia~jg`yt`i hj~ tad DT tjc}}dc~ tj }~dydgt `tydbh cy c }~`x`bdkdo kc~o`cg jh g`xd~ycb xcbdy' Ded~k`gk }j{d~y jty`od tad [dyt c~d cnbd tj ~`xcbD~j}d cy t~cod }c~tgd~y j~ ojgj~y {`tajt yddf`gk tj `e}jydc gj~ect`xd ckdgoc" {dcfdg`gk tad bdxd~ckd tact tad DT icgdqd~t' @g ta`y ej~d ije}dt`t`xd dgx`~jgedgt" tad DT eytij%j}d~ctd {`ta godeji~ct`i ~dk`edy jg ij~d D~j}dcg`gtd~dyty yia cy ydi~`tp" dgd~kp j~ ijeed~id" {`tajt acx`gktad bdxd~ckd tj ije}db tade tj iacgkd tad`~ }jb`t`icb ypytdey'
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H`~yt" {dc~kdo tact tad DT yajbo dgkckd `g c ncttbd jh `odcy ’ `g jtad~ {j~oy" ecfd c icyd hj~ aecg ~`katy cgo odeji~cip tact `y~jjtdo `g bjicb ijgid~gy ~ctad~ tacg [dytd~g }jb`t`icb ejodbycgo tact dy}jydy tad ~`kat jh cbb yji`dt`dy tj odtd~e`gd tad`~j{g odxdbj}edgt `g c hc`~ cgo `giby`xd {cp' Ydijgo" {dc~kdo tact tad DT yajbo hjiy `g `ty dgkckdedgt {`ta jtad~ijgt~`dy jg fdp ‒}~dyy~d }j`gty― ’ cia`dxcnbd kjcby tactijbo gbjif h~tad~ }~jk~dyy jg aecg ~`katy cgo i~dctdk~dctd~ }jb`t`icb y}cid' _a`~o" {d ykkdytdo tact tad DT yajbo~dcia jt tj gd{ }c~tgd~y ndpjgo `ty t~co`t`jgcb cbb`cgidy cgo`ty ycb kjxd~gedgt%tj%kjxd~gedgt dgkckdedgt cgo yddf ijeejg k~jgo tj y}}j~t g`xd~ycb xcbdy `g }~cit`id'@g tad ~dec`god~ jh ta`y n~`dh" {d yaj{ aj{ tad DT icg~dy}jgo tj tad C~cn ~dxjbt`jgy {`ta`g ta`y h~ced{j~f' _adiacbbdgkd hj~ tad DT `y tj odxdbj} c x`y`jg hj~ tad ~dk`jg tact `y~jnyt dgjka tj k`od }jb`ip {a`bd cxj`o`gk tad `e}~dyy`jgjh t~p`gk tj `e}jyd `ty j{g }jb`t`icb ejodb ’ cgctadec `g tad}jyt%[dytd~g {j~bo' _j cia`dxd ta`y" tad DT yajbo hjbbj{ tadbjk`i jh c ncttbd jh `odcy tj {`g bjicb ype}ctap hj~ `ty gj~ect`xdckdgoc" dgkck`gk {`ta }nb`i ijgid~gy cnjt o`kg`tp cgoydbh%odtd~e`gct`jg" cgo gjt }ya`gk hj~ cgp y}di`i hj~ecb}jb`t`icb ypytdey gbdyy ta`y ij~~dy}jgoy tj }nb`i odecgoy'@g jtad~ {j~oy" `gytdco jh c}}~jcia`gk tad t~cgy`t`jgy cy c}~jidyy jh ijgxd~kdgid jg c qdo D~j}dcg }jb`t`icb ejodb!cy tad j~`k`gcb ijgid}t`jg jh tad D~j}dcg Gd`kanj~ajjo]jb`ip yddedo tj `e}bp)" D~j}d yajbo ta~j{ `ty {d`kat nda`go tad n~jcod~ kjcb jh }j}bc~ de}j{d~edgt'_a`y hjiy jg }j}bc~ de}j{d~edgt cy tad jxd~c~ia`gk kjcbjh tad DT‐y t~cgyhj~ect`xd yt~ctdkp yajbo gjt nd `gtd~}~dtdocy y`e}bp dbdxct`gk odeji~cip cy c kjcb cnjxd aecg ~`katycgo tad ~bd jh bc{' _ad c}}~jcia ydt jt ad~d ~db`dy jg cggod~ytcgo`gk jh bdk`t`ectd cgo ytcnbd kjxd~gedgt tact`gij~}j~ctdy dbdedgty jh cbb ta~dd xcbdy' Hj~ }dj}bd tj ndkjxd~gdo ta~jka tad`~ ijgydgt" tad~d eyt nd yhh`i`dgt}c~t`i`}ct`jg cgo ciijgtcn`b`tp hj~ tad }j}bct`jg tjodtd~e`gd `ty ijgt~p‐y odxdbj}edgt6 tad~d eyt nd ~dy}dithj~ yia aecg ~`katy cy h~ddoje jh dq}~dyy`jg" h~ddoje jh cyydenbp" cgo dscb`tp ndhj~d tad bc{ yj tact tad y}dit~ejh }nb`i x`d{y icg nd hc`~bp ~d}~dydgtdo6 cgo tad~d eyt nd c edcg`gkhb ~bd jh bc{ tj kc~cgtdd tad ytcn`b`tp cgoijgy`ytdgip jh tadyd c~~cgkdedgty' @g ta`y ydgyd" tad jnldit`xd`y gjt y`e}bd eclj~`tc~`cg ijgt~jb jh }nb`i b`hd nt c ej~dyytc`gcnbd cgo aecg ~`katy%ncydo ijgid}t`jg jh bdk`t`ectdkjxd~gedgt'
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Yy` Odgg`yjg cgo Cgtajgp O{j~f`g" ‒_j{c~oy cg DT aecg ~`katy yt~ctdkp hj~c }jyt%[dytd~g {j~bo―" D~j}dcg Ijgi`b jg Hj~d`kg ^dbct`jgy" Yd}tdend~ >=3="cxc`bcnbd ct att}<**dih~'d*}ckd*%*ojiedgty*tj{c~oy%cg%DT%aecg%~`katy%yt~ctdkp%hj~%c%}jyt%{dytd~g%{j~bo'tqt'}oh !ad~dchtd~" Y' Odgg`yjg cgo C' O{j~f`g" ‒_j{c~oy cgDT aecg ~`katy yt~ctdkp hj~ c }jyt%[dytd~g {j~bo―)'
3
‒Dkp}t< Kjxd~gedgt Ejxdy tj ^dyt~`it ^`katy cgo Odeji~cip K~j}y―" Aecg ^`katy [ctia" >8 Yd}tdend~ >=33" cxc`bcnbd ct att}<**{{{'a~{'j~k*gd{y*>=33*=0*>8*dkp}t%kjxd~gedgt%ejxdy%~dyt~`it%~`katy%cgo%odeji~cip%k~j}y'

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