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Lossy Compression Algorithms

Lossy Compression Algorithms

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Published by gurudatha265

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Published by: gurudatha265 on Dec 19, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/17/2012

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Lossy CompressionAlgorithms
The lossless compression algorithms like Huffmancoding, dictionary based coding, arithmetic coding etcare mainly used to compress textWhen it comes to a huge data arrangement like images,speech, video etc., these algorithms fail to providesufficient compression in the dataThe term “Lossy” indicates that there is a loss of information (mostly intentional) while encoding the data,which is mostly unnoticeable by the human eyes
 
 
Distortion Measure
A distortion measure is a mathematicalquantity that specifies how close is anapproximation to its original, using somedistortion criteriaDifference between original andapproximated data?In Images – Perceptual distortion isimportant and not the numerical distortion
 
 
Numerical distortion measures
Mean Squared Error σ
2
= (1/N) Σ
n=1N
(x
n
- y
n
)
2
(Average Pixel Difference)
Signal to Noise RatioSNR = 10 log (σx2 / σ
2
) 
(Size of error w.r.t the Input signal)
Peak Signal to Noise RatioPSNR = 10 log (x
peak2
/ σ
2
)
(Size of error w.r.t peak value of input signal)

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