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Cardona v Shinseki - National Veterans' Service Organizations

Cardona v Shinseki - National Veterans' Service Organizations

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Published by Helen Bennett

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Published by: Helen Bennett on Apr 28, 2012
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06/29/2012

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Vet. App. No. 11-3083
IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALSFOR VETERANS CLAIMS
CARMEN J. CARDONA,
 Appellant,
v.ERIC K. SHINSEKI,Secretary of Veterans Affairs,
 Appellee.
BRIEF OF NATIONAL VETERANS’SERVICE ORGANIZATIONS AS
 AMICI CURIAE 
 IN SUPPORT OF APPELLANT CARMEN J. CARDONA
E
 NRIQUE
A.
 
M
ONAGAS
 A
IMEE
M.
 
H
ALBERT
 GIBSON, DUNN & CRUTCHER LLP555 Mission Street, Suite 3000San Francisco, CA 94105-0921Telephone: 415.393.8353Facsimile: 415.374.8403J
OEL
M.
 
C
OHEN
 A
 NJALI
S
RINIVASAN
 GIBSON, DUNN & CRUTCHER LLP200 Park Avenue New York, NY 10166-0193Telephone: 212.351.4000Facsimile: 212.351.4035
 Attorneys for Amici Curiae Vietnam Veterans of America,Servicemembers Legal Defense Network, Service Women’s Action Network,Vets4Vets, Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans of America, and Connecticut Veterans Legal Center 
 
 i
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PageINTEREST OF
 AMICI CURIAE 
......................................................................................... 1SUMMARY OF ARGUMENT ........................................................................................... 2FACTUAL BACKGROUND ............................................................................................. 3I. C
ONGRESS
E
 NACTED
38
 
U.S.C.
 
§§
 
1110
 
A
 ND
1115
 
T
O
A
ID
S
ERVICE
-D
ISABLED
V
ETERANS
A
 ND
T
O
C
REATE
I
 NCENTIVES
F
OR 
S
ERVICE
. ............. 4II. C
ONGRESS
E
 NACTED
38
 
U.S.C.
 
§
 
101(31)
 
T
O
F
URTHER 
O
UR 
 N
ATION
S
C
OMMITMENT
T
O
E
QUALITY
. ....................................................... 7III. C
ONGRESS
E
 NACTED
T
ITLE
38
 
W
ITH
T
HE
C
LEAR 
P
URPOSE
A
 ND
I
 NTENTION
O
F
D
EFERRING
T
O
S
TATE
M
ARRIAGE
L
AWS
. ........................... 10ARGUMENT ..................................................................................................................... 11I. T
HE
A
CTUAL
P
URPOSES
A
RTICULATED
B
Y
C
ONGRESS
A
RE
G
IVEN
W
EIGHT
W
HEN
T
HE
L
AW
A
T
I
SSUE
T
ARGETS
A P
OLITICALLY
U
 NPOPULAR 
G
ROUP
. .................................................................................... 11II. T
HE
B
AN
O
 N
S
POUSAL
B
ENEFITS
C
ONFLICTS
W
ITH
T
HE
E
XPRESSED
G
OVERNMENTAL
P
URPOSES
A
 NIMATING
V
ETERANS
B
ENEFITS
L
AWS
. .......................................................................................................... 13III. E
VEN
I
F
T
HIS
C
OURT
W
ERE
T
O
E
 NTERTAIN
 P 
OST 
-H 
OC 
 
J
USTIFICATIONS
,
 
T
HE
S
POUSE
D
EFINITION
I
S
 N
OT
ATIONALLY
ELATED
T
O
A
 NY
I
 NTEREST
P
ROFFERED
. ................................................... 15CONCLUSION ................................................................................................................. 15
 
 
TABLE OF AUTHORITIES
Page(s)
Cases
 
 Allen v. Brown
,7 Vet. App. 439 (1995) .............................................................................................. 4
 Bowers v. Hardwick 
,478 U.S. 186 (1986) ................................................................................................. 11
 Boyer v. West 
,210 F.3d 1351 (Fed. Cir. 2000) ................................................................................. 6
 Briggs v. Merit Sys. Prot. Bd 
.,331 F.3d 1307 (Fed. Cir. 2003) ............................................................................... 11
 Brown v. Gardner 
,513 U.S. 115 (1994) ................................................................................................... 7
Christian Legal Society v. Martinez
,130 S. Ct. 2971 (2010) ............................................................................................. 12
 Department of Agriculture v. Moreno
,413 U.S. 528 (1973) ................................................................................................. 12
 Frontiero v. Richardson
,411 U.S. 677 (1973) ................................................................................................... 7
Gill v. Office of Pers. Mgmt 
.,699 F. Supp. 2d 374 (D. Mass. 2010) ...................................................................... 15
Goldberg v. Kelly
,397 U.S. 254 (1970) ................................................................................................. 11
Goldman v. Weinberger 
,475 U.S. 503 (1986) ................................................................................................. 14
Golinski v. U.S. Office of Pers. Mgmt.
,
 
 No. 10-00257, 2012 WL 569685 (N.D. Cal. Feb. 22, 2012) ................................... 15
 Hix v. Gober 
,225 F.3d 1377 (Fed. Cir. 2000) ................................................................................. 7
 Hodge v. West 
,155 F.3d 1356 (Fed. Cir. 1998) ................................................................................. 7
 Lawrence v. Texas
,539 U.S. 558 (2003) ........................................................................................... 12, 13
 Perry v. Brown
, No. 10-16696, 2012 WL 372713 (9th Cir. Feb. 7, 2012) ........................................ 15

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