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Kushan

Kushan

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Published by Clyde Winters

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Clyde Winters on Apr 28, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/07/2012

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Kushan: Ancient Kushites in Asia
byDr. Clyde Winters
 
Copyright © Clyde WintersUthman dan Fodio InstituteChicago, Illinois 60643 The Kushan : Ancient Kushites in Asia
 
 First, I would like to make it clear that the probable language of the Kushana was Tamil. According to Dravidian literature, the Kushana were calledKosars=Yakshas=Yueh chih/ Kushana. This literature maintains that when theyentered India they either already spoke Tamil, or adopted the language uponsettlement in India. The Kushana and the Yueh chih were one and the same. In addition to North Indiandocuments the Kushana-Yueh chih association are also discussed in Dravidianliterature. V Kanakasabhai,
The Tamils Eighteen hundred years ago
, note that inthe Sanskrit literature the Yueh chih were called Yakshas, Pali chroniclers called them Yakkos and Kosars< Kushana. They allegedely arrived in India during the 2nd century BC. He makes it clear that the
Yueh chih/ Kushana
as noted on their coins worshipped Siva as seen on the coins of Kanishka. This is why we have a coin of a Kushana king from Taxila, dated to AD 76that declares that the king was maharaja rajatiraja devaputra Kushana "Great King,King of kings, Son of God, the Kushana". The term
Tochara
has nothing to do with the Yueh chih, this was a term used todescribe the people who took over the Greek Bactrian state, before the Kushanareached the Oxus Valley around 150 BC . There is no reason the Kushana may nothave been intimately familiar with the Kharosthi writing at this time because from202BC onward Prakrit and Chinese documents were written in Kharosthi. The Kushana and the Yueh chih were one and the same. In addition to North Indiandocuments the Kushana-Yueh chih association are also discussed in Dravidianliterature.V Kanakasabhai, The Tamils Eighteen hundred years ago note that in theSanskrit literature the Yueh chih were called
Yakshas
, Pali chroniclers called them Yakkos and Kosars< Kushana. They allegedely arrived in India during the 2nd centuryBC. He makes it clear that the Yueh chih/ Kushana as noted on their coins worshippedSiva as seen on the coins of Kanishka.This is why we have a coin of a Kushana kingfrom Taxila, dated to AD 76 that declares that the king was maharaja rajatirajadevaputra Kushana "Great King, King of kings, Son of God, the Kushana".

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