Zambia's Population Trends 1963-2000
P o p u l a t i o n
Population Per cent of Total PopulationResidence
1963 1969 1980 1990 2000* 1963 1969 1980 1990 2000*
2,774,914 2,864,579 3,403,232 4,477,814 6,238,572 79.5 70.6 60.1 60.6 60.7
715,256 1,192,116 2,258,569 2,905,283 4,047,059 20.5 29.4 39.9 39.4 39.3
3,490,170 4,056,695 5,661,801 7,383,097 10,285,631 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Source: CSO, 1995:50, CSO 2001:4
* 2000 figures are extrapolated from the 2000 population of 10,285,631 and assumes that the 39.3 per centincrease in population between 1990 and 2000 equally applied to urban and rural areas.
Figure 1: Zambia’s urban population growth trends
In 1933, planning authority powers were given to the mine townships through the MineTownships Ordinance which created Mine Township Boards with powers similar to municipaland township councils for provision of houses and services to their employees. Up to now,town and country planning legislation does not apply to the mine townships. The Mines havebeen privitised, (the debate is whether the responsibilities for town planning should not bereturned to the local authorities).In 1961, a revised Town and Country Planning Act, Chapter 475, was enacted which cameinto force in 1962. The legislation based on the 1947 British town planning legislation,provided for the preparation of town development plans which would contain a general landuse scheme to be implemented by means primarily of a development control system withsafeguards for the private owner. The act also established the Planning Tribunal. In 1995, theact was revised to include preparations of Structure Plans and not Development Plans. TheTown and Country Planning Act, now Chapter 283, therefore provides ‘
for the appointment of planning authorities, establishment of the Town and Country Planning Tribunal, preparation,approval and revocation of development plans for the control of development and subdivisionof land, for the preparation, approval and revocation or modification of regional plans …’
(Town and Country Planning Act, Chapter 283, page 5).In terms of content, the revised Act has been criticized as it is based on the 1971 British townplanning legislation and has little relevance to Zambia. For the Zambian case, the 1995revisions should have made provisions for:
Establishment of Planning Authorities not the indiscriminate establishment of planningauthorities without looking at the administrative and personnel capacity andcompetency of a council.
Revision of procedures for grant of planning permission as the current are ineffectiveand are subject to manipulation.
Provision of new application forms such as for change of use.
Guidelines in the establishment of private and public bus stops.
Establishment and management of markets (Mwimba, 2001: 11).