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Table Of Contents

ACCIDENTS WILL NOT HAPPEN
A TECHNIQUE EXPERIMENT
Notebook Notes
A SYNTHESIS EXPERIMENT
CRC HANDBOOK
Nostalgia
LANGE'S
MERCK INDEX
THE ALDRICH CATALOG 35
THE ALDRICH CATALOG
NOT CLEAR —CLEAR?
STOPPERS WITH ONLY ONE NUMBER
HALL OF BLUNDERS AND THINGS NOT QUITE RIGHT
Round-Bottom Flasks
The Adapter with Lots of Names
Forgetting the Glass
DRYING YOUR GLASSWARE WHEN YOU DON'T NEED TO
DRYING YOUR GLASSWARE WHEN YOU NEED TO 61
DRYING YOUR GLASSWARE WHEN YOU NEED TO
TYPICAL DRYING AGENTS
USING A DRYING AGENT
SOLID PRODUCTS
LIQUID PRODUCTS
THE SAMPLE VIAL
HOLD IT! DON'T TOUCH THAT VIAL
SAMPLE PREPARATION
Loading the Melting Point Tube
MELTING POINT HINTS 75
Closing Off Melting Point Tubes
MELTING POINT HINTS
THE MEL-TEMP APPARATUS
OPERATION OF THE MEL-TEMP APPARATUS 77
OPERATION OF THE MEL-TEMP APPARATUS
THE FISHER-JOHNS APPARATUS
OPERATION OF THE FISHER-JOHNS APPARATUS 79
OPERATION OF THE FISHER-JOHNS APPARATUS
THE THOMAS-HOOVER APPARATUS
OPERATION OF THE THOMAS - HOOVER APPARATUS
USING THE THIELE TUBE
Cleaning the Tube
Getting the Sample Ready
Dunking the Melting Point Tube
Heating the Sample
Recrystallization
GRAVITY FILTRATION
THE BUCHNER FUNNEL AND FILTER FLASK
Just a Note
ACTIVATED CHARCOAL
THE WATER ASPIRATOR: A VACUUM SOURCE
The Ethanol-Water System
A MIXED-SOLVENT SYSTEM —THE BAD PART
SALTING-OUT
WORLD FAMOUS FAN-FOLDED FLUTED FILTER PAPER 107
WORLD FAMOUS FAN-FOLDED FLUTED FILTER PAPER
STARTING AN EXTRACTION 113
NEVER-EVER LAND
STARTING AN EXTRACTION
DUTCH UNCLE ADVICE
THE SEPARATORY FUNNEL
The Stopper
The Glass Stopcock
The Teflon Stopcock
THE STEM
WASHING AND EXTRACTING VARIOUS THINGS
HOW TO EXTRACT AND WASH WHAT
The Road to Recovery—Back-Extraction
A SAMPLE EXTRACTION 123
A SAMPLE EXTRACTION
PERFORMING AN EXTRACTION OR WASHING 125
PERFORMING AN EXTRACTION OR WASHING
EXTRACTION HINTS
THE STEAM BATH
THE BUNSEN BURNER
Burner Hints
THE HEATING MANTLE
PROPORTIONAL HEATERS AND STEPLESS CONTROLLERS
CLAMPING A DISTILLATION SETUP
DISTILLATION NOTES
Sources of Heat
The 3-Way Adapter
The Distilling Flask
The Thermometer Adapter
The Ubiquitous Clamp
The Thermometer
The Condenser
The Vacuum Adapter
The Receiving Flask
The Ice Bath
THE DISTILLATION EXAMPLE
THE DISTILLATION MISTAKE
CLASS 2: VACUUM DISTILLATION
Pressure Measurement
Manometer Hints
Leaks
Pressure and Temperature Corrections
Vacuum Distillation Notes
CLASS 3: FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION 169
CLASS 3: FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION
External Steam Distillation
Internal Steam Distillation
Steam Distillation Notes
A DRY REFLUX
How to Set Up
SEPARATION OR DEVELOPMENT
THE ELUATROPIC SERIES
PREPARATION OF TLC PLATES
THE PLATE SPOTTER
SPOTTING THE PLATES
DEVELOPING A PLATE 201
DEVELOPING A PLATE
VISUALIZATION
INTERPRETATION
MULTIPLE SPOTTING 207
MULTIPLE SPOTTING
PREPARATIVE TLC
PREPARING THE COLUMN
COMPOUNDS ON THE COLUMN
VISUALIZATION AND COLLECTION 213
VISUALIZATION AND COLLECTION
THE ABBE REFRACTOMETER 223
USING THE ABBE REFRACTOMETER
REFRACTOMETRY HINTS
THE MOBILE PHASE: GAS
GC SAMPLE PREPARATION
GC SAMPLE INTRODUCTION 231
GC SAMPLE INTRODUCTION
SAMPLE AT THE DETECTOR
ELECTRONIC INTERLUDE
SAMPLE ON THE CHART RECORDER
Gas Flow Rate
THE MOBILE PHASE: LIQUID
A Bubble Trap
The Pump
The Pulse Dampener
HPLC SAMPLE PREPARATION 247
HPLC SAMPLE PREPARATION
HPLC SAMPLE INTRODUCTION
SAMPLE IN THE COLUMN 249
SAMPLE IN THE COLUMN
PARAMETERS, PARAMETERS
Eluent Flow Rate
Temperature
Eluent Composition
INFRARED SAMPLE PREPARATION
Preparing the Solid Solution
RUNNING THE SPECTRUM
USING THE PERKIN- ELMER 71 OB 269
USING THE PERKIN-ELMER 71 OB
The 100% Control: An Important Aside
CALIBRATION OF THE SPECTRUM
INTERPRETING IRs
LIQUID SAMPLE PREPARATION
SOLID SAMPLES
Protonless Solvents
Deuterated Solvents
SOME NMR INTERPRETATION
The Zero Point
The Chemical Shift
Some Anisotropy
Spin-Spin Splitting
Integration
CLASS 1: SIMPLE DISTILLATION
Clausius & Clapyron
A Hint from Dalton
Dalton and Raoult
A Little Algebra
Clausius and Clapyron Meet Dalton and Raoult
Dalton Again
What Does It All Mean?
REALITY INTRUDES I: CHANGING COMPOSITION 303
Reality Intrudes I: Changing Composition
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Chemistry - Organic Chem Lab Survival Manual - Zubrick

Chemistry - Organic Chem Lab Survival Manual - Zubrick

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Published by Kari Lynn Clowers

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Published by: Kari Lynn Clowers on Apr 28, 2012
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