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Table Of Contents

List of Figures
1. INTRODUCTION
1.1. The Problem
1.1.1. The Problem
1.1.2. The Solution
Figure 1: Traditional Electrical Power System Schematic
Figure 2: Performance Objective Design Power System Modification
1.2. Organization
1.2.1. Thesis Outline
2. BACKGROUND
2.1. Topic
2.1.1. Retrofitting Diesel-Based Energy Systems with Wind Power
Figure 3: Wind-Diesel Hybrid Energy System Schematic
2.1.2. Antarctica and Scott Base
Figure 4: Antarctic Research Stations
2.1.3. Wind Energy
Figure 6: Wind Power Installed
Figure 7: New Zealand Existing & Proposed Wind Farms
Figure 8: Mawson Station's Wind Power System
2.1.4. Demand Side Management
2.2. Technical Importance
2.2.1. Environmental Issues
Figure 9: Recent Antarctic Fuel Spills
2.2.2. Remote Area Electricity Generation
Figure 10: New Zealand & Worldwide Electricity Consumption
2.2.3. Distributed Generation Compatibility
2.2.4. New Zealand Policies and Regulations
2.3. Societal Relevance
2.3.1. Sustainability
2.3.2. Current Methods of Energy Production and the Future
Figure 11: Worldwide Energy Consumption
2.4. Background Summary
2.4.1. Summary
3. STATE OF THE ART
3.1. What is known about decreasing Scott Base fuel consumption?
3.1.1. Hybrid Energy Systems
Figure 14: Wind-Diesel Hybrid Energy System Laboratories
3.1.2. Antarctic Diesel Generators
Figure 15: Diesel-Electric Plant Schematic
3.1.3. Wind Turbine Technology
Figure 16: Typical Wind Turbine Schematic
Figure 18: Wind Turbine Generator Concepts
Figure 19: Enercon Wind Turbine Schematic
Figure 20: Weibull Distribution Shape Parameters
3.1.4. Antarctic Energy Storage Technologies
Figure 22: Secondary Energy Storage Parameters
Figure 23: Battery Specifications
Figure 24: Fuel Cell Systems
3.1.5. Demand Side Management
Figure 25: Demand Side Management Techniques
3.2. Other methods to solve energy systems problems
3.2.1. Systems Approach
Figure 26: Systems Engineering Approach
3.2.2. Control System Theory
3.2.3. Hybrid Power System Simulation
3.3. State of the Art Summary
3.3.1. Summary
4. Methodology
4.1. System Analysis: understanding the Scott Base system
4.1.1. Scott Base Description
Figure 29: Scott Base Layout
Figure 31: Scott Base Thermal Loop
Figure 32: Scott Base Load Profile
Figure 33: Stage 1 Load Profile, Q Hut
Figure 34: Stage 2 Load Profile, Power House
Figure 37: Stage 4 Load Profile, Administration
Figure 38: Stage 5 Load Profile, Hatherton Laboratory
Figure 42: Stage 9 Load Profile, Wastewater Treatment Plant
Figure 43: Stage Ten Load Profile
4.2. Experimental Design: the plan of attack
4.2.1. System Requirements
4.2.2. System Constraints
4.2.3. System Objectives
4.2.4. Energy System Design Process
Figure 45: Standard Wind-Diesel Hybrid Energy Structure
4.3.1. Hybrid Optimization Model Energy Resource, H.O.M.E.R
Figure 47: HOMER Preliminary Information
4.3.2. Model Structure
Figure 48: HOMER Generator Inputs
Figure 49: HOMER Wind Turbine Inputs
Figure 50: HOMER Wind Resource Inputs
4.3.3. Model Functionality
Figure 52: HOMER Simulation Results
4.3.4. Demand Side Management Representation
Figure 53: Load Shift Code Schematic
4.3.5. Model Inputs
Figure 54: Diesel Generator Specifications
Figure 57: Scott Base Wind Resource Distribution
Figure 58: Scott Base Load Profile
Figure 60: Scott Base Thermal Load vs. Temperature
Figure 61: Scott Base Average Monthly Temperatures
Figure 62: Scott Base Monthly Thermal Loads as a Percentage of the Total
Figure 63: Simulated Scott Base Thermal Load
4.4. Model Validation: representing Scott Base accurately
4.4.1. Existing Energy System Model Response Benchmark
Figure 64: Scott Base Collected Data vs. Simulation Results
4.4.2. Hybrid Energy System Model Response
studying their effects on the model outputs
4.5.1. Method for Analysis
4.6. Methodology Summary
4.6.1. Summary
5. Results and Discussion
5.1. Existing Scott Base Energy System
5.2. Standard Results
5.2.1. Model Simulation Data
5.2.2. Discussion
Figure 65: Standard Simulation Results Matrix
5.3. Demand Side Management Results
5.3.1. Model Simulation Data
Figure 70: Model #6 Demand Side Management Results
5.3.2. Discussion
5.4. Alternative Simulation Structure Discussion
5.4.1. Wind Generated Electricity Direct to Thermal Load
Figure 71: Wind Direct to Thermal Load Results Matrix
5.4.2. 0% Minimum Diesel Load
Figure 72: 0% Minimum Diesel Load Results Matrix
5.5. Further Cost Analysis
5.5.1. Payback Periods
Figure 73: Cost Analysis for Models #1 through #6
5.6. Sensitivity Analysis
5.6.1. Wind Speed Sensitivity
Figure 74: Wind Speed Error Analysis
5.6.2. Load Sensitivity
Figure 75: Electrical Load Error Anaylsis
5.7. Results and Discussion Summary
5.7.1. Summary
Figure 77: General Summary of Standard Simulation Results
6. Conclusions
6.1. What Was Done
6.1.1. Modelling
6.1.2. Method of Analysis
6.2. Findings
6.2.1. Results
Figure 78: Standard Results Summary Table
Figure 79: Demand Side Management Results Summary Table
6.2.2. Applications
6.3. Future Work
6.3.1. Power Quality
6.3.2. Demand Side Management
6.3.3. Antarctic Foundations
6.3.4. Generator Set Replacement
References
Appendix A
Appendix B
Appendix C
Appendix D
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Published by: Michael Joseph Beltran Samson on Apr 28, 2012
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