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Organic Agriculture and Sustainable Rural Livelihoods in Developing Countries

Organic Agriculture and Sustainable Rural Livelihoods in Developing Countries

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Published by yanac
A study commissioned by the Natural Resources and EthicalTrade Programme managed by Natural Resources Institute and
conducted by the Soil Association in the context of the Department for International Development Natural Resources
Advisors Conference in July 1998
A study commissioned by the Natural Resources and EthicalTrade Programme managed by Natural Resources Institute and
conducted by the Soil Association in the context of the Department for International Development Natural Resources
Advisors Conference in July 1998

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Published by: yanac on Dec 19, 2008
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Natural Resources and Ethical Trade Programme (NRI)
Organic Agriculture andSustainable Rural Livelihoods inDeveloping Countries
A study commissioned by the Natural Resources and Ethical Trade Programme managed by Natural Resources Institute and conducted by the Soil Association in the context of the Department for International Development Natural Resources Advisors Conference in July 1998 
JUNE 1998
Prepared by:David CrucefixSoil AssociationBristol House40-56 Victoria StreetBristol BS1 6BYUK
 
Soil Association
i
CONTENTS 
PageContentsiAcknowledgmentsiiiExecutive SummaryivBackground1Context of the study1Ethical trade1Organic agriculture2Aims of this study3Methodology4Basis of study4Project selection4Organic agriculture in developing and in-transition countries5Growth in organic agriculture5Countries involved5Value of the trade5Products5Nature of organic initiatives7Previous reviews7Current review7Motivation8Economic necessity/Unavailability of inputs8Environmental concerns9Social concerns10Personal philosophy11Market demand11Initiation12The small farmer12The large farmer13Local NGOs and Private Sector13Government13International Partnerships14Case Studies151 - Belize - Cacao152 - Dominican Republic - Bananas203 - Egypt - Cotton, vegetables and herbs244 - Hungary - Export based organic agriculture285 - India - Tea306 - Lithuania - Environment protection327 - Mozambique - Cotton358 - Uganda - Cotton, Sesame38Summary of lessons 42
 
Soil Association
ii
Opportunities and challenges to promoting organic agriculture as a development tool45Opportunities45Obstacles46Annexes48
A.
Terms of reference for the study48
B.
Project profiles49
C.
Contact list53
D.
Bibliography and References54
Acknowledgments 

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