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Fundamentals of Materials Science and Engineering an Integrated Approach 3rd Ed

Fundamentals of Materials Science and Engineering an Integrated Approach 3rd Ed

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Published by Mrbudakbaek
Credit to Fred Naaem.Im just re upload.
Credit to Fred Naaem.Im just re upload.

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Published by: Mrbudakbaek on Apr 29, 2012
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01/04/2013

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Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only tostudents enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.
Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.
CHAPTER2
ATOMIC STRUCTURE AND INTERATOMIC BONDING
PROBLEM SOLUTIONS
Fundamental ConceptsElectrons in Atoms
2.1
Silicon has three naturally-occurring isotopes: 92.23% of 
28
Si, with an atomic weight of 27.9769 amu,4.68% of 
29
Si, with an atomic weight of 28.9765 amu, and 3.09%of 
30
Si, with an atomic weight of 29.9738 amu. Onthe basis of these data, confirm that the average atomic weight of Si is 28.0854 amu.
SolutionThe average atomic weight of silicon
(
A
i
)
is computed by adding fraction-of-occurrence/atomic weightproducts for the three isotopes. Thus
A
Si
=
f  
28
Si
A
28
Si
+
f  
29
Si
A
29
Si
f  
30
Si
A
30
Si
( .9223)(27.9769) + ( .0468 (28.9765) ( .0309)(29.9738) 28.0854
Name:Fred Naayem Email:frednaayem@gmail.com Work Phone:3058781576
Address:7111 SW 64th Ct,Sth Miami,FL,us (United States) Zip Code:33143
 
Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only tostudents enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.
Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.
2.2
(a) How many grams are there in one amu of a material?(b) Mole, in the context of this book, is taken in units of gram-mole. On this basis, how many atoms arethere in a pound-mole of a substance?
Solution(a) In order to determine the number of grams in one amu of material, appropriate manipulation of theamu/atom, g/mol, and atom/mol relationships is all that is necessary, as# g/amu =1 mol6.02
10
23
atoms
 
1 g/mol1 amu/atom

= 1.66
10
-24
g/amu(b) Since there are 453.6 g/lb
m
,
1 lb-mol = (453.6 g/lb )(6.02
10
23
atoms/g- mol)
= 2.73
10
26
atoms/lb-mol
Name:Fred Naayem Email:frednaayem@gmail.com Work Phone:3058781576
Address:7111 SW 64th Ct,Sth Miami,FL,us (United States) Zip Code:33143
 
Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only tostudents enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted.
Any other reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Sections107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without the permission of the copyright owner is unlawful.
2.3
Allowed values for the quantum numbers of electrons are as follows:n = 1,2, 3, . . .l = 0, 1, 2, 3, . . ., n –1m
l
= 0, ±1, ±2, ±3, . . . , ±l
=
12
The relationships between n and the shell designations are noted in Table 2.1. Relative to the subshells,l = 0 corresponds to an s subshelll = 1 corresponds to a p subshelll = 2 corresponds to a d subshelll = 3 corresponds to an f subshellFor the K shell, the four quantum numbers for each of the two electrons in the 1s state, in the order of nlm
l
m
s
 , are100(
1
) and 100(
1
). Write the four quantum numbers for all of the electrons in the L and M shells, and note whichcorrespond to the s, p, and d subshells.
SolutionFor the
L
state,
n
= 2, and eight electron states are possible. Possible
l
values are 0 and 1, while possible
m
l
values are 0 and ±1; and possible
m
s
values are
1
.
Therefore, for the
s
states, the quantum numbers are
200
(
12
)
and
200
(
12
)
. For the
p
states, the quantum numbers are
210
(
12
)
,
210
(
1
)
,
211
(
12
)
,
211
(
12
)
,
21(
1)
(
12
)
, and
21(
1)
(
12
)
.For the
state,
n
= 3, and 18 states are possible. Possible
l
values are 0, 1, and 2; possible
m
l
values are 0,±1, and ±2; and possible
m
s
values are
1
.
Therefore, for the
s
states, the quantum numbers are
300
(
12
)
,
300
(
12
)
, for the
p
states they are
310
(
12
)
,
310
(
12
)
,
311
(
12
)
,
311
(
12
)
,
31(
1)
(
12
)
, and
31(
1)
(
12
)
; for the
states they are 320
(
12
)
, 320
(
12
)
, 321
(
12
)
, 321
(
12
)
, 32 (
1)
(
12
)
, 32(
1)
(
12
)
, 322
(
12
)
, 322
(
12
)
, 32 (
2)
(
12
)
,and
32(
2)
(
12
)
.
Name:Fred Naayem Email:frednaayem@gmail.com Work Phone:3058781576
Address:7111 SW 64th Ct,Sth Miami,FL,us (United States) Zip Code:33143

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