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Solucionario Capitulo 23 - Paul E. Tippens

Solucionario Capitulo 23 - Paul E. Tippens

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Published by: Carlos Francisco Corado on Apr 29, 2012
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Chapter 23. The Electric ForcePhysics, 6
th
Edition
Chapter 23. The Electric Force
Coulomb's Law
23-1. Two balls each having a charge of 3 C are separated by 20 mm. What is the force o
 repulsion between them?
922-6-6-32
(9 x 10Nm/C)(3x 10C)(3 x 10C)(20 x 10m)
 F 
=
;
F =
202 N
23-2. Two point charges of -3 and +4 C are 12 mm apart in a vacuum. What is the electrostatic
 force between them?
922-6-6-32
(9 x 10Nm/C)(3x 10C)(4 x 10C)(12 x 10m)
 F 
=
;
F =
750 N, attraction
23-3. An alpha particle consists of two protons (
q
e
= 1.6 x 10
-19
C) and two neutrons (no charge).What is the repulsive force between two alpha particles separated by 2 nm?q
α
= 2(1.6 x 10
-19
C) = 3.2 x 10
-19
C
922-19-19-92
(9 x 10Nm/C)(3.2x 10C)(3.2 x 10C)(2.00 x 10m)
 F 
=
;
F =
2.30 x 10
-10
N
23-4. Assume that the radius of the electron's orbit around the proton in a hydrogen atom isapproximately 5.2 x 10
-11
m. What is the electrostatic force of attraction?
922-19-19-112
(9 x 10Nm/C)(1.6x 10C)(1.6 x 10C)(5.2 x 10m)
 F 
=
;
F =
8.52 x 10
-8
N
23-5. What is the separation of two -4 C charges if the force of repulsion between them is
 200 N?
922-62
'(9 x 10Nm/C)(4 x 10C)200 N
kqq F 
= =
;
r =
26.8 mm
60
 
Chapter 23. The Electric ForcePhysics, 6
th
Edition23-6. Two identical charges separated by 30 mm experience a repulsive force of 980 N. What isthe magnitude of each charge?
2222922
(980 N)(0.030 m);9 x 10Nm/C
kqF Fqr
= = =
;
q =
9.90 C
*23-7. A 10 C charge and a -6 C charge are separated by 40 mm. What is the force between
 them. The spheres are placed in contact for a few moments and then separated again by 40mm. What is the new force? Is it attractive or repulsive?
922-6-6-32
(9 x 10Nm/C)(6x 10C)(10 x 10C)(40 x 10m)
 F 
=
;
F =
338 N, attraction
When spheres touch,
6 C
of charge are neutralized,leaving 
4 C
to be shared by two spheres, or 
+2 C
on each sphere. Now they are again separated.
 
922-6-62
(9 x 10Nm/C)(2x 10C)(2 x 10C)(0.080 m)
 F 
=
;
F =
5.62 N, repulsion
*23-8. Two point charges initially attract each other with a force of 600 N. If their separation isreduced to one-third of its original distance, what is the new force of attraction?
22221111222112222
1; ;
r FFrFrFFrr
 = = =  
;
1
= 3 r 
2
222112
39;
 FF
 = =  
 
2
=
5400 N
612
µ
C2
µ
C-6
µ
C10
µ
C0.08 m2
µ
C2
µ
C0.08 m
 
Chapter 23. The Electric ForcePhysics, 6
th
Edition
The Resultant Electrostatic Force
23-9. A +60 C charge is placed 60 mm to the left of a +20 C charge. What is the resultant
 force on a -35 C charge placed midway between the two charges?
922-6-613-32
(9 x 10Nm/C)(60x 10C)(35 x 10C)(30 x 10m)
 F 
=
 
 F 
13
=
2.10 x 10
4
N,
directed to the left 
922-6-623-32
(9 x 10Nm/C)(20x 10C)(35 x 10C)(30 x 10m)
 F 
=
;
 F 
13
=
2.10 x 10
4
N,
directed to right. F 
 R
= F 
13
+ F 
23
=
(-2.10 x 10
4
N) + (0.700 x 10
4
N);
 
 F 
 R
= -
1.40 x 10
4
N, left.23-10. A point charge of +36 C is placed 80 mm to the left of a second point charge of -22 C.
 What force is exerted on third charge of +10 C located at the midpoint?
922-6-613-32
(9 x 10Nm/C)(36x 10C)(10 x 10C)(40 x 10m)
 F 
=
 
 F 
13
=
2025 N,
directed to the right 
922-6-623-32
(9 x 10Nm/C)(22x 10C)(10 x 10C)(40 x 10m)
 F 
=
;
 F 
13
=
1238 N,
directed to right. F 
 R
= F 
13
+ F 
23
=
2025 N + 1238 N;
 F 
 R
=
3260 N,
left.
23-11. For Problem 23-10, what is the resultant force on a third charge of +12 C placed between
 the other charges and located 60 mm from the +36 C charge?
922-6-613-32
(9 x 10Nm/C)(36x 10C)(12 x 10C(60 x 10m)
 F 
=
 
922-6-623-32
(9 x 10Nm/C)(22x 10C)(12 x 10C)(20 x 10m)
 F 
=
;
 Both to right, so
 R
= F 
13
+ F 
23
=
1080 N + 5940 N;
 F =
7020 N
 , rightward.
62
 
 F 
1
 F 
2
q
3
q
2
q
1
-35
µ
C+20
µ
C+60
µ
C60 mm
 F 
1
 F 
2
q
3
q
2
q
1
10
µ
C-22
µ
C+36
µ
C
 
80 mm
q
3
=
12
µ
C
-22
µ
C60 mm
 F 
1
 F 
2
q
2
q
1
+36
µ
C
 
80 mm

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