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Global Tourism

Global Tourism

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Published by: sol.loredo1705530 on Apr 29, 2012
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06/11/2014

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07/02/20121
GlobalTourism:Introduction
Dr Jan Mosedale
Today
Housekeeping
Assignments
An introduction to Global Tourism
Housekeeping
My expectations
I expect of you to:
attend lectures and workshops
be on time
be attentive
no mobiles (otherwise I will ask you to leave the class)
tolearn actively
participate in exercises and workshops
do your own reading around the subjects covered
reflect about your own holiday experiences
be knowledgeable about tourism resources in the region
THINK!!
andsubmit good work
In return,
You can expect of me to:
beavailable and approachable.
listen to your issues and concerns and address themwhen possible.
provideyou with opportunities to pursue ideas and issues.
givefeedback on your assignments
Assignments
 
07/02/20122
Critical Reading and Writing
Question:
What is the current thinking on sustainable tourism?Using relevant and appropriate references, explain the differentapproaches towards sustainable tourism.
1.
Search for six relevant texts from the academic literature inthe area of sustainable tourism
2.
Identify relevant paragraphs within the texts to help youanswer the question.
3.
Photocopy/scan and reference the relevant paragraphs, thenhighlight and summarise the main points and arguments.
4.
Provide a synthesis of your chosen sources, incorporatingthe main points and arguments (max. 1000 word
5.
Include a reference list of all the sources you have used(reference according to Harvard).
Critical Reading and Writing
DUE DATE:
Monday March 26
th
at 4pm
VALUE:
50%
Essay
Essay Question: Essay Question:
Explain and assess the social impacts of tourism and illustrate these using a case study of your choice.
DUE DATE:
Wednesday May 9
th
at 4pm
VALUE:
50%
Plagiarism
Plagiarism is the dishonest use of someone else’s words,facts or ideas, without proper acknowledgement orwithout their authorisation.
Things to avoid:
Using facts or quotes without acknowledging where theycame from
Failing to put quotes in quotation marks
Copying from other peoples’ assignments
Providing an assignment that is little more than a series ofquotes (even if they are in quotation marks)
Global Tourism:Introduction
 
07/02/20123
International Arrivals Worldwidebetween 1950 and 2005
Why is understanding globalprocesses vital for the tourismindustry?
“The European tourism industry operates within anenvironment over which it has little, if any, control.Powerful external forces and trends determine theconditions under which tourism operators mustcompete in the world market to hold on to, orimprove, Europe’s major share” (Davidson, 1998: 17)
NATIONSTATE ANATIONSTATE B
NationalgovernmentState AInternationalbodyNationalgovernmentState BSupranationalbodyRegionalgovernmentState ARegionalgovernmentState BLocal/CitygovernmentState ALocal/CitygovernmentState BbilateralinternationalrelationsThe regional state, e.g. provinces orstates
The local state, e.g. cities
Supranationalbody, e.g. IOC
Supranational scale of governanceInternational scale of governanceIntermestic relations,e.g. sister cities
Intermestic/ international,e.g.OlympicbidSupranationalbody
Destination promotion
Spatial Scale
Spatial expression of tourism as an activity
A way of thinking
 – 
World to personal scale
 – 
Macro to micro
Provides different perpectives
Tourism –A mixture of global and localscales of operation
The local can influence the global as well as vice versa
“Globalisationis like putting together a jigsaw puzzle: it is amatter of inserting a multiplicity of localities into the overallpicture of a new global system” (Morley & Robins, 1995: 116)
Causes of the growth of internationaltourism I
Growth in the economy at local and global levels
Increasing levels of disposable income
Increasing levels of ‘free time’
Decrease in cost of living and number of dependent children.
Increase in dual income households, age of marriage
Growth in advertising of tourism products and destinations
Technological innovations inside (e.g., 350 seater Boeing 747launched in 1970) and outside the tourism and travel industry
Relative political stability at the global level
Increasing life expectancy and wealth and health of retiredpeople

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