Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Development of Tourism in the European Northern Periphery

Development of Tourism in the European Northern Periphery

Ratings: (0)|Views: 5|Likes:
Published by sol.loredo1705530

More info:

Published by: sol.loredo1705530 on Apr 29, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

08/17/2014

pdf

text

original

 
1
D
EVELOPMENT OF TOURISM IN THE
E
UROPEAN NORTHERN PERIPHERY
Dr Jan Mosedale
W
HATISPERIPHER
???
Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary:“the outward bounds of something asdistinguished from its internal regions orcenter”
Brown and Hall (2000: 1) add a socialcomponent to the term ‘periphery’: “to beperipheral is to be marginalised, to lackpower and influence and it therefore carriessocial, political and economic implications”
W
HATISPERIPHER
???
Geographic isolation (distance, poor access to andfrom markets)
Economic marginalisation (lack of resources,decline of traditional industries)
Lack of infrastructure
Reliance on imports -> economic leakage
Generally a rural setting
Low and declining (or ageing) population
Can anyone give me an example of aperipheral community in the UK?
W
HATISPERIPHER
???
Despite the previous list of characteristics thatdefine ‘periphery’, it is a subjective concept. Itdepends on one’s perception of place.
W
HATISPERIPHER
???
Paradoxes of ‘peripheries’:
1.
Isolation and remoteness (two keycharacteristics of ‘the periphery’) can bedesirable to some tourists.
Nature, Heritage, slower pace of life, being away fromthe grid
In tourism, it is the very ‘symptoms of peripherality’(Brown and Hall, 2000: 3) that have becomedesirable and drive new economic growth and socialdevelopment.
W
HATISPERIPHER
???
Paradoxes of ‘peripheries’:2.
If tourism is not planned or managedadequately, it might just destroy theremoteness or tradition that the earlytourists were coming for -> change intourism product.
 
2
1. G
EOGRAPHICALLYREMOTEFROMMASSMARKETS
Spatial distance
Communicative distance
Outside of the day-trip zone of major populationcentres
2. L
 ACKOFEFFECTIVEECONOMIC ANDPOLITICALCONTROLOVERMAJORDECISIONSTHATAFFECTWELL
-
BEING
Issues of economic restructuring
Globalisation
Political institutions ‘elsewhere’
3. R
ELATIVELYWEAKINTERNALECONOMICLINKAGES
High degree of importation
Inter-firm relations often weak within region
Often industries based on resource extraction /natural resources
4. R
ELATIVELYWEAKINTERNALCOMMUNICATION
&
TRANSPORTLINKAGES
Links often from periphery to core rather thanbetween peripheries
Intra-firm relations
5. O
FTENHIGHAESTHETIC
/
NATURALAMENITYVALUES
Sign of lack of development or even economicrestructuring
Relationship to high biophysical values of naturalness and remoteness -‘wilderness’
Cultural heritage is often the thing which hasn’tchanged because there wasn’t the money toupdate
6. M
IGRATIONOUTFLOWS
 Younger people for education and employmentopportunities
Families with respect to better schooling andemployment opportunities
Some retirement outmigration
BUT… for a few peripheral locations there ismigration inflow -amenity, seasonal, retirementand lifestyle migration
 
3
7. C
OMPARATIVELACKOFINNOVATION
 Argued by Botterillet al. (1997) BUT this point ishighly debatable
High rates of innovation may be one of the fewpoints of comparative competitive advantage -but this is related to what underlies the capacityto innovate in terms of intellectual and socialcultural
8. I
NTERVENTIONISTROLEOFLOCAL
,
NATIONAL
&
SUPRANATIONALSTATE
Occurs because of economic difficulties of theperiphery
It is very hard for governments to refuse to assistperipheral regions in some way -national mythsof the rural and peripheral
Significance of changing political philosophiesregarding the role of the state -move from thewelfare to the entrepreneurial/neo-liberal state
B
UTCANPERIPHERALPLACESSUCCEEDWITHTOURISM
?
Some places obviously are better positioned thanothers for reasons of accessibility as well ascapital -economic, intellectual and social
But what are we wanting in economic terms
People travelling through?
People stopping?
People stopping and spending?
People stopping/staying longer and thereforespending more?
T
HE
N
ORTHERN
P
ERIPHERY
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vtLseO3U9Oo
 
S
CANDINAVIA 
Huge land areas with a relatively smallpopulation
Many of the ‘typical’ Scandinavian features aresituated in Norway: combination of sea andmountains.
North Cape and Lofoten Islands offer fishing,whale watching and other nature-based activities

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->