PRESCHOOL VOCABULARY 3kindergarten. From the middle class to working-class,
the child’s vocabulary is cut in half!
Whata lot of it comes down to is difference in opportunity rather than ability.I agree with the main key points of this article. Dail and McGee give great examples of how families (no matter their financial or racial standing) can make small lifestyle changes andhow teachers can quickly begin to alter their lesson plans in the classroom that directly affect andincrease a
child’s vocabulary capacity.
Children enhance their language skills at home byobserving and hearing conversations between older family members. In addition, children often
learn by “fast
mapping,” which occurs when a direct physical action or a manipulation of an
object accompanies the word. Children can learn approximately eight to ten words a day thisway. T
eachers can help accelerate the child’
s learning through read-alouds from high-qualitypicture books and engaging students in decontextualized language.This article explains the process of the projects that S
tates designed to better children’s
oral language acquisition. In 2002, the same year the No Child Left Behind Act was signed, anorganization called Early Reading First specified that all ERF projects had to assess early literacyskills and oral language two times a year by standardized tests. Then ERF projects were tosubmit annual performance reports to show whether the program was working or not. Within thefirst couple years, there was very little progress, and there was no explanation as to why.Howev
er, then they began to compare and contrast the “project” rooms with “controlled” rooms.
The professional development began focusing more on transforming classroom environments,incorporating the read-
aloud methods, and applying the teacher’s instruction d
irectly andeffectively to the children. Then the scores began to improve. Project classrooms were achievingperfect or nearly perfect scores, completely bypassing the control classroom scores. With theeffectiveness of the project, the professional development began to spread by having preschool