The so-called “Global War on Terror(ism),” or GWOT, now restyled as “OverseasContingency Operations,” or OCOs,
predominantly focuses on the clash between Westerndemocracy and the
terrorist network, while only secondarily striving to create or foster conditions for peace, stability, or promotion of human rights. That is because the latter effort is far more daunting and difficult.A coalition of nations, including but not limited to the U.S., have been targeting well over a dozen Islamic terror groups and engaging in cooperative ventures with many nations that haveIslamic law heritages or substantial Muslim majority or minority populations. Such coalitionalefforts still operate with inherent challenges of understanding the religion of Islam and thecultural expressions and institutions that may be influenced by Islam but not controlled or even prescribed by that faith. It is important to note that not all individual acts of terrorism can beassociated with fanatical political or religious ideologues,
nor should terrorism or even Islamicextremism be imputed to the vast majority of those in the world who peaceably practice thereligion of Islam. As previously written in 2011,[C]ountries in the Middle East and North Africa were experiencing protestsagainst political repression and economic hardship, unprecedented in scope or duration since independence from imperial domination, and resulting in the rulersin Tunisia and Egypt being ousted, and those of Bahrain, Jordan, Libya, Oman . . .Yemen and Iran [have been] challenged.
Scott Wilson, Al Kamen,
Global War on Terror is Given New Name,
,Mar. 25, 2009, http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/03/24/AR2009032402818.html
9 (4th ed.,Lawyers & Judges Publ’g Co., Inc. 2007).
Kevin H. Govern,
21st Century Africa as an “Arc of (In)stability”: U.S. and African Economic,Security, and Development Policies Advanced Through U.S. Africa Command Initiatives
. J. I
L. 281, 286 (2011). Since the publication of that law review note, the leader of Libya was killed by rebel forces, and the leader of Yemen has sought exile in Ethiopia.
Ousted Yemeni Leader Saleh to Seek Exile in Ethiopia
, Feb. 28, 2012,