A) K+ mainly in the cells, Na+ in the body fluidsB) Na+ mainly in the cells, K+ in the body fluidsC) equal amounts of each ion in the cells and body fluidsD) little of either in the cells, but large amounts of each in the body fluidsAnswer: APage Ref: 997; Fig. 26.214.
14) Problems with fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance are particularly common in infantsbecause of their ________.A) inefficient kidneysB) comparatively low metabolic ratesC) low rate of insensible water lossD) low daily rate of fluid exchangeAnswer: APage Ref: 101515.
15) The single most important factor influencing potassium ion secretion is ________.A) the potassium ion content in the renal tubule cellsB) the pH of the ICFC) intracellular sodium levelsD) potassium ion concentration in blood plasmaAnswer: DPage Ref: 100616.
16) The term alkaline reserve is used to describe the ________ buffer system.A) phosphateB) hemoglobinC) bicarbonateD) proteinAnswer: CPage Ref: 100917.
17) A falling blood pH and a rising partial pressure of carbon dioxide due to pneumonia oremphysema indicates ________.A) respiratory acidosisB) respiratory alkalosisC) metabolic acidosisD) metabolic alkalosisAnswer: APage Ref: 1014; Tbl. 26.218.
18) The movement of fluids between cellular compartments ________.A) requires active transportB) is regulated by osmotic and hydrostatic forcesC) requires ATP for the transport to take placeD) involves filtrationAnswer: BPage Ref: 99819.
19) What hormone reduces blood pressure and blood volume by inhibiting nearly all events thatpromote vasoconstriction and sodium ion and water retention?A) ADH