3-7-13-1 sets out the terms under which a person can register to vote and, therefore,vote,
Indiana:A person who:(1) will be at least eighteen (18) years
age at the next general,municipal, or special election; and(2) is a United States citizen; and
resides in a precinct continuously before a general,Illunicipal, or special election
at least thirty (30) days;
may, upon making a proper application under this article, register
be legally registered
vote, one must "reside in" his
her "precinct" for 30days preceding an election.The Evan Bayh case interprets the term "resident
the termsare legally separate and distinct:In framing the issue,
are not interpreting the word"reside" but rather construing the present phrase "resident
State Election Boardv.Bavh.
domicile insures that a candidate is sufficientlyfamiliar with the state without placing undue limitations
thevoters' right to select the candidate
their choice. Such aninterpretation
the residency requirement allows voters toconsider the candidate's relationship
the state and judge his orher familiarity with its citizens and the issues confronting them.
These purposes differ
those advanced by laws requiring apublic officer to reside within the political subdivision
retain office once elected. Sucha requirement
intended to make the public officer accessible andresponsive. In this context, we have held that a public officerabandons his office when
physically removes himself from thestate. See Relender
State (1898), 149 Ind. 284, 49 N.E, 30(construing constitutional requirement that county officers "residewithin their respective counties").
Bayh at 1316-17.