Vehicle," and was issued on December
(D.L 43, ex. B)! Plaintiff is the sole assignee
The '861 patent is based on
("the '827application"), which was filed on March 31,
The '827 application is a division
anearlier U.S. patent application filed on February
and claims ultimate priority to anapplication filed in Great Britain on August 9, 2001.
The '861 patent contains twenty-fourclaims, two
are independent.The '861 patent relates principally to aircraft seating systems.
contrast to the typicalrows utilized on most commercial aircraft, the '861 patent discloses a "herringbone" cabin design,
which the passenger seats are oriented at an angle to the aisle (or "longitudinal cabin axis")
the plane. ('861 patent, col. 7:20-27) There are multiple embodiments
such a seating systemdescribed and depicted in the '861 patent, but its principal focus appears to be on seating systemsthat convert to a "substantially flat bed."
As discussed in the backgroundsection
the '861 patent, the inventors identified a number
problems with existing airlineseats that were designed to convert to beds. For instance, one prior art system disclosed a seatthat was capable
reclining backwards to form a substantially flat bed.
However, there were multiple disadvantages with a such a system, including (1) the economicand physical difficulties associated with allowing for sufficient bed space to accommodate thefull height
a passenger; and (2) the fact that the seat padding making up the surface
the bedThe '861 patent appears several times on the docket, including as an exhibit to theparties' Joint Claim Construction Chart. (D.L 43, ex. B) Further citations will simply be to the"'861 patent."
Only a portion
the prosecution history has been submitted in this case.
D.L 43, ex. C)