Al-Hasan ibn Abi al-Hasan Yasar Abu Sa'id al-Basri, al-Faqih, the great Imam of Basra,leader of the ascetics and scholars of his time. The son of a freedwoman of Umm Salamahr.anha (the Prophet's wife) and a freedman of Zayd ibn Thabit's r.a (Hasan Basri rah. parentsorigin was Persian). Tradition says that Umm Salamah r.anha often nursed Hasan Barsi rah.in his infancy.His mother took him as a child to Sayyidina Umar r.a who supplicated for him with thewords: "O Allah! Make him wise in the Religion and beloved to people."As a man he became known for his strict and encompassing embodiment of the Sunna of theProphet s.a.w, famous for his immense knowledge, piety and simple living (zuhd), fearlessremonstrances of the authorities, and power of attraction both in discourse and appearance.Hasan Barsi rah. was considered by the Salaf to be one of the "Substitute-Saints" (al-Abdal).Anas r.a narrated that the Prophet s.a.w said: "The earth will never lack forty men similar tothe Friend of the Merciful (Ibrahim, peace be upon him), and through them people receiverain and are given help. None of them dies except Allah substitutes another in his place."Qatada said: "We do not doubt that al-Hasan is one of them.Before he was fourteen years old, he managed to memorize the Glorious Quran. He alsolearnt reading, writing, and some mathematics. He heard many sayings of the Companions of the Prophet s.a.w, according to Abu Zur'a, at the age of 14 years Hasan became the student of Sayyidina Ali r.a. and he used to listen to Sayyidina Uthmaan Ibn `Affaan r.a whenever hedelivered the Friday sermon.
Moving to Basrah and seeking knowledge
When he was fifteen years old, Hasan Basri rah. moved to Basrah, Iraq in 36 A.H., 656 A.C.He began learning jurisprudence, Hadeeth, and the Arabic language at the hands of a largenumber of the companions of the Prophet s.a.w who were living in Basrah at that time. Histutor for the recitation of the Glorious Quran was Hattaan Ibn `Abdullaah Ar-Riqashi whilehis tutor for the methodology of delivering sermons, religious speeches, and recountingreligious tales, was Ibn Surayyi` At-Tameemi, the poet.Delivering sermons and recounting religious tales appealed to Hasan Basri rah. and he took aplace in the mosque of Al-Basrah to teach people. Many story tellers back then tended toexaggerate. They were all banned from telling religious tales in the mosque of Al-Basrahexcept for Hasan Basri rah. who adopted a different methodology. He used to talk about thelife after death, reminding people of death, drawing their attention to the religious and moraldefects they may have, and how they could overcome them according to what he had learntfrom the Book of Allaah, the Sunnah of the Prophet s.a.w and the revered sahabah r.anhum.
Imam Hasan Basri rah. classes
Hasan Basri rah. had a large class in the mosque of Al-Basrah in which he taught people theProphetic Hadeeth, jurisprudence, the Glorious Quran, the Arabic language, and rhetoric. Healso conducted a special class in his house to teach people about asceticism and delivertouching speeches.Hasan Basri rah. was one of the most knowledgeable people on jurisprudence and the lawful