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Imam Hasan Al Basri (ra)

Imam Hasan Al Basri (ra)

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Published by: abassalishah on May 01, 2012
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Al-Hasan al-Basri ( يرصبلانسحلا) - Abu Sa'id al-Hasan ibn Abi-l-HasanYasar al-Basri, (21 AH/642 – 110 AH/728), also known as Imam Hasanal Basri rah., born 21 AH in Madinah during the reign of SayyidinaUmar r.a, was a well-known Muslim theologian and scholar of Islam.
Al-Hasan ibn Abi al-Hasan Yasar Abu Sa'id al-Basri, al-Faqih, the great Imam of Basra,leader of the ascetics and scholars of his time. The son of a freedwoman of Umm Salamahr.anha (the Prophet's wife) and a freedman of Zayd ibn Thabit's r.a (Hasan Basri rah. parentsorigin was Persian). Tradition says that Umm Salamah r.anha often nursed Hasan Barsi rah.in his infancy.His mother took him as a child to Sayyidina Umar r.a who supplicated for him with thewords: "O Allah! Make him wise in the Religion and beloved to people."As a man he became known for his strict and encompassing embodiment of the Sunna of theProphet s.a.w, famous for his immense knowledge, piety and simple living (zuhd), fearlessremonstrances of the authorities, and power of attraction both in discourse and appearance.Hasan Barsi rah. was considered by the Salaf to be one of the "Substitute-Saints" (al-Abdal).Anas r.a narrated that the Prophet s.a.w said: "The earth will never lack forty men similar tothe Friend of the Merciful (Ibrahim, peace be upon him), and through them people receiverain and are given help. None of them dies except Allah substitutes another in his place."Qatada said: "We do not doubt that al-Hasan is one of them.Before he was fourteen years old, he managed to memorize the Glorious Quran. He alsolearnt reading, writing, and some mathematics. He heard many sayings of the Companions of the Prophet s.a.w, according to Abu Zur'a, at the age of 14 years Hasan became the student of Sayyidina Ali r.a. and he used to listen to Sayyidina Uthmaan Ibn `Affaan r.a whenever hedelivered the Friday sermon.
Moving to Basrah and seeking knowledge
When he was fifteen years old, Hasan Basri rah. moved to Basrah, Iraq in 36 A.H., 656 A.C.He began learning jurisprudence, Hadeeth, and the Arabic language at the hands of a largenumber of the companions of the Prophet s.a.w who were living in Basrah at that time. Histutor for the recitation of the Glorious Quran was Hattaan Ibn `Abdullaah Ar-Riqashi whilehis tutor for the methodology of delivering sermons, religious speeches, and recountingreligious tales, was Ibn Surayyi` At-Tameemi, the poet.Delivering sermons and recounting religious tales appealed to Hasan Basri rah. and he took aplace in the mosque of Al-Basrah to teach people. Many story tellers back then tended toexaggerate. They were all banned from telling religious tales in the mosque of Al-Basrahexcept for Hasan Basri rah. who adopted a different methodology. He used to talk about thelife after death, reminding people of death, drawing their attention to the religious and moraldefects they may have, and how they could overcome them according to what he had learntfrom the Book of Allaah, the Sunnah of the Prophet s.a.w and the revered sahabah r.anhum.
Imam Hasan Basri rah. classes
Hasan Basri rah. had a large class in the mosque of Al-Basrah in which he taught people theProphetic Hadeeth, jurisprudence, the Glorious Quran, the Arabic language, and rhetoric. Healso conducted a special class in his house to teach people about asceticism and delivertouching speeches.Hasan Basri rah. was one of the most knowledgeable people on jurisprudence and the lawful
and unlawful acts. He loved the religion of Allaah and he was a pious man who used to refrainfrom committing any illegal act. He adhered to the straight path in all his affairs. Heshouldered the responsibility of guiding and advising people to save his society from thedeviations and aberrations that were beginning to prevail. Hasan Basri rah. adopted thedoctrine of the companions. He was their student and he had the pleasure of accompanyingthem. He was influenced by their methodology and he steered their course.A beautiful tradition reported by Hasan Basri rah. on the authority of Anas Ibn Malek is thefollowing. He said: The Messenger of God peace be upon him used to give the Friday sermonwhile standing near a piece of wood against which he would lean his back. When the numberof people increased in the mosque he said: Make a pulpit of two steps for me, which they did.When the Prophet stood up to give the sermon on Friday the said piece of wood moaned as if it expressed its feeling of missing the Messenger of God peace be upon him. Anas comments: Iwas in the mosque and heard the piece moan. It continued to moan until the Prophetdescended to it and embraced it. Then it was silent. As a matter of fact, whenever Hasan Basrirah. narrated this tradition he would cry and say: O slaves of God! A piece of wood misses theMessenger of God! It is you who should do so.
The judge of Al-Basrah
Hasan Basri rah. used to frequently advise the rulers and governors and he never fearedanybody except Allah. He was especially well-known in the last years of the reign of theUmayyad caliph, Mu`aawyah Ibn Abi Sufyaan r.a. Hasan Barsi rah. lived in Iraq when Al-Hajjaaj Ibn Yoosuf Ath-Thaqafi was the ruler and Hasan Basri rah. used to severely criticizeAl-Hajjaaj's harsh policies.Hasan Basri rah. was a close friend of the Rightly-Guided Umayyad Caliph, Umar Ibn Abdul-`Azeez rah. who loved him very much and used to consult him in some affairs related toadministering the Muslim State. Hasan Basri rah. became the judge of Al-Basrah in 102 A.H.,720 A.C. and performed this role on a voluntary basis.
The character and Capabilities of the Imam Hasan Basri rah.
Hasan Basri rah. had been gifted with noble virtues and brilliant capabilities essential tomake his exhortation for revival of Islãm. He was distinguished for his usual temperament,friendly and considerate, winning and enchanting, on one hand. As also for his scholarshipand profound learning strengthened with good judgment and wisdom on the other.In his knowledge of the Quran and Hadith he excelled all the learned men of his times. Hehad the opportunity of being an associate of the Sahãbah r.anhum he was fully aware of thedeficiencies in practises that had crept in among the different sections of the society, and themeasures necessary to eradicate them. Whenever he lectured on the hereafter or describedthe by gone days of the Sahabah r.anhum everyone was seen brimming with tears.Hasan Basri rah. was considered to be an equally good elocutionist (to have an art of speaking). On Hasan Basri rah. is encyclopaedic knowledge. Rabi ibn Anas r.a says that hehad the privilege of being closely associated with Hasan Basri rah. for ten years and almosteveryday he found something new not heard of earlier in the lectures of Hasan Basri rah.Describing the scholarly achievement of Hasan Basri rah., Abu Hayyan at-Thauhidi rah.quotes Thabit ibn Qurrah saying, “In his-learning and piety, forbearance and restrain,

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