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DAILY 05.01.12

DAILY 05.01.12

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Published by coo9486
Print edition of The Stanford Daily, published May 1, 2012.
Print edition of The Stanford Daily, published May 1, 2012.

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By NATASHA WEASER
DESK EDITOR
“Even if the direction is rightyou cannot reach the destinationovernight,” said Fu Jun, professorof political economy and execu-tive dean of the school of govern-ment at Beijing University, in atalk Monday on economic growthin China.Fu is currently president of theHarvard Alumni Association inBeijing, as well as a frequent com-mentator on CCTV News andspeaker at the World EconomicForum.Fu presented his talk, titled“China in the World Economy:Past, Present and Future,” at theHewlett Teaching Center to an au-dience of approximately 100 peo-ple.The talk was sponsored by theCenter for Sustainable Develop-ment and Global Competitive-ness (CSDGC).Underlying the hour and a half talk was a strong emphasis onwhat Fu called “institutional tech-nology.” He stressed that this termfocuses on human capital, in par-ticular the power of corporationsand educational institutions.On the topic of education, Fusaid he is optimistic about the in-crease in Chinese students study-ing abroad. He cautioned, howev-er, that the country needs “to fig-ure out and have confidence inmore investment in institutionaltechnology.”“China’s growth has been aphenomenon, but I would pro-pose that the past three decadeswe have learned about what I callhardware technology, and thenext stage for us is to learn aboutinstitutional technologies,” Fusaid.“Growth is a function of popu-lation and technology. This is asimple formula applicable global-ly,” Fu added.Despite his comments on theuniversality of this formula, Fupointed out that China has a“unique Chinese way” of growing,citing examples including specialeconomic zones and reforms inthe countryside that might notnecessarily be successful if insti-tuted elsewhere in the world.Drawing from economic his-tory and theory throughout histalk, Fu said, “If you look atChina 200 years ago, it had one-third of the total world popula-tion and was producing one-thirdof the total world GDP. We were
Index 
Opinions/4 •Sports/5 Classifieds/6
Recycle Me
Undergrad Senate votes today on process for sexual assault cases
By JULIA ENTHOVEN
STAFF WRITER
The ASSU UndergraduateSenate will debate whether to ap-prove the Office of Judicial AffairsAlternative Review Process(ARP) for cases of sexual assault,relationship violence and stalkingat tonight’s meeting. The ARP, in-stituted in 2010, is facing its two-year review and requires approvalfrom the Undergraduate Senateand the Graduate Student Council(GSC) to continue.The ARP includes two signifi-cant changes: shifting the standardof proof from “beyond a reason-able doubt” to “preponderance of evidence,” meaning jury membersmust be 51 percent certain of guiltto convict, and shrinking reviewpanel juries from six members tofour. These changes have raisedconcerns that the current system of convicting based on a majority isnot sufficient, and both studentrepresentatives and alumni haverecommended moving to requir-ing unanimous agreement on re-view panels.The Office of Judicial Affairs(OJA) initiated the ARP as a pilotprogram in 2010 with the objectiveof making the judicial processmore accessible and less intimidat-ing for victims of sexual assault. Itsdevelopment was partially in re-sponse to OJA data indicating thatin the 13 years preceding 2010,there were 104 reports of sexualassault at Stanford, yet only 16 of those cases were reported to theJudicial Office and only three wentto hearing. In comparison, statis-tics from a two-year study from theNational Institute of Justice, citedin the 2011 Dear Colleague Letterfrom the Office for Civil Rights,predicted that over 650 female and200 male students at Stanford havebeen sexually assaulted, a numberfar higher than report and trialrates.“There was concern that the Ju-dicial Process was a deterrent tovictims of sexual assault, sexual ha-rassment, dating violence andstalking,” Jamie Pontius-Hogan,assistant dean of the Office of Judi-cial Affairs, said in an email to TheDaily.“It surprises me that Stanfordstudents would want to consent toa change in the rules that givesthem less rights in a University dis-ciplinary hearing,” said David Bar-ton, who has been a criminal lawattorney for 23 years and has de-fended Stanford students in judi-cial proceedings. “People . . . haveconfidence that the University willuse that power wisely and thatthey’ll never be on the wrong sideof it. And that’s a delusion.”Since the establishment of theARP, there have been 21 cases of sexual assault reported on campus,13 transferred to ARP and 12tried. Of the 12 hearings in the pasttwo years, 10 plaintiffs were foundresponsible, though one verdictwas reversed in appeal. Pontius-Hogan said that the OJA has notfound a higher proportion of stu-dents responsible since the burdenof proof was lowered to a prepon-derance of evidence standard; sheattributed the increase to the suc-cess of the ARP. The burden of proof was lowered midwaythrough the ARP trial period.“Of course they are going to getmore cases if they don’t have tohave the same level of certainty,”Barton said, “but people do getfalsely accused. If there is a pre-ponderance of evidence test, peo-ple will be falsely convicted, falselysuspended, falsely expelled. That’sthe cost of a system that appearsmore efficient.”
The Dear Colleague Letter
On April 12, 2011, six days afterhe received a letter from the Officeof Civil Rights, President Hen-nessy employed his authority tooverride the existing Judicial Af-fairs charter and ASSU Constitu-tion — both of which protect therights of the accused to face theiraccusers, be free from double jeop-ardy and remain innocent untilproven guilty beyond a reasonabledoubt to revise the ARP andaccord it with the federal guide-lines.According to the Office of Judi-cial Affairs, Stanford was one of only two or three universities tostill use a burden of “beyond a rea-sonable doubt” in cases involvingsexual assault. Even so, concernsremain over the ARP guidelines.“Many of the Stanford sexualassault cases are cases that are veryambiguous and involve confusionand alcohol, and are cases that arevery hard to prove beyond a rea-sonable doubt standard,” Bartonsaid. “Most of the cases that arecharged with sexual assault on
SPORTS/5
SOLO SUCCESS
Sophomore Nicole Gibbswins Pac-12 singles title
FEATURES/3
KNOWINGTHE KNOLL
Tomorrow 
Mostly Sunny 
6647
Today 
Mostly Sunny 
6549
 An Independent Publication
 www.stanforddaily.com
 The Stanford Daily T
TUESDAY Volume 241
May 1, 2012Issue 50
Vote on Alternative Review Process nears
 Disease affects one in 10 Asians and Pacific Islanders
Blue Shield reachesdeal with StanfordHospital and Clinics
By THE DAILY NEWS STAFF
Blue Shield of California final-ized a three-year contract withStanford Hospital and Clinics thispast week for health maintenanceorganization (HMO) and pre-ferred provider organization(PPO) rates. Negotiations conclud-ed Thursday to meet a deadline justafter midnight on Friday morning,according to the San Jose MercuryNews.Had the two sides not reached adeal in time, Blue Shield memberswould have seen their insurancecoverage affected at Stanford Hos-pital and Clinics (SHC).In a statement, Randy Liv-ingston, Stanford vice president forbusiness affairs and chief financialofficer, said, “We’re very pleasedthat [Stanford] and Blue Shieldwere able to complete a new agree-ment in the nick of time, avertingpotential confusion and disruptionfor Stanford employees and post-docs with Blue Shield coveragewho receive services from StanfordHospitals and Clinics.”Terms of the deal were not re-
HEALTH
Studentsraise hep Bawareness
ENVIRONMENT
Terman park opening approaches
SPEAKERS & EVENTS
Beijing prof. addresses China’s global economy 
By MATT BETTONVILLE
DESK EDITOR
After six months of demolition, the site of theFrederick Emmons Terman Engineering Centeris starting to look like the park it is set to become.According to University officials, the park willopen later this month.The new open space will preserve the largefountain that previously faced the center of theTerman building. The fountain sits in a bowl-shaped recession that is almost fully landscapedwith sod and new trees for its opening.The University has not announced any specif-ic plans, but the park area is considered only tem-porary. According to the Stanford Report, onereason for leaving the recessed fountain was tostop the need for future excavation for the foun-dation of a building.Almost none of the demolished Terman build-ing is headed to the landfill. According to projectmanager Matthew Griffis, 99.6 percent of the ma-
NEWS BRIEFS
Before 1997
Stanford used a “beyonda reasonable doubt” standard for cases of sexual assault and relationship abuse.
1997
— Students and administratorsagreed to the most recent Judicial Char-ter; this included the “beyond a reason-able doubt” standard.
February 5, 2010
— The Daily re-ported that there is a “growing consensus. . . the process ‘does not benefit the vic-tim, nor help the accused to clear hisname, nor does it protect the Stanfordcommunity from predators.’”
 April 14, 2010
— President Hen-nessy signed the Alternate MisconductReview Process, a plan developed by theBoard on Judicial Affairs, which elimi-nated the requirement that victims andsuspects attend the same hearings dur-ing a case.
 April 3, 2011
— The Office for CivilRights urged universities to lower the stan-dard of proof in sexual assault and rela-tionship abuse cases from “beyond a rea-sonable doubt” to “preponderance of theevidence” or risk loss of federal funding.
 April 12, 2011
— President Hen-nessy released an executive order tolower Stanford’s standard of proof from“beyond a reasonable doubt” to “prepon-derance of the evidence.”
June 30, 2011
The Universityhired Angela Exson as its first assistantdean for sexual assault and relationshipabuse shortly after forming the Office of Sexual Assault and Relationship AbuseEducation & Response (SARA).
March 19, 2012
— 34 ASSU alum-ni signed a letter to student representa-tives urging them to delay placing a re-vised ASSU Constitution, which would in-clude the lowered standard of evidence,on the April ballot. The representativesagreed.
 April 19, 2012
The Board of Ju-dicial Affairs proposed to student repre-sentatives a reduction in the size of thepanel’s juries, from six to four, as wellthe continuation of requiring a simplemajority for convictions. Several stu-dent representatives advocated for aunanimous vote.
May 1, 2012
— The UndergraduateSenate will meet to vote on the proposedJudicial Charter.
May 2, 2012
— The Graduate Stu-dent Council will meet to vote on the pro-posed Judicial Charter.
Timeline of Judicial Affairs changes:
ROGER CHEN/The Stanford Daily
The park that will replace the Frederick Emmons Terman Engineering Center is beginning to take shapeafter months of demolition and clearing. The park is set to open on schedule later this month.
Please see
BRIEFS
, page 2Please see
CHINA 
, page 2Please see
TERMAN
, page 2
By CATHERINE ZAW 
STAFF WRITER
Jade balloons tied to bikes allover campus Monday morningwere the first of many indicators of Hepatitis B Awareness Week. Fea-turing speakers and events all overcampus, the awareness week was or-ganized by Team HBV, an outreacharm of the Jade Ribbon Campaignled by the Asian Liver Center at theStanford School of Medicine.Hepatitis B affects one in 10Asians and Pacific Islanders, andone in four of those affected eventu-ally die of liver cancer, according toTeam HBV. The virus is also respon-sible for 80 percent of all liver cancercases. Team HBV is the primary stu-dent outreach group for hepatitis Band spans numerous colleges andhigh schools throughout the nation.Currently all Team HBV colle-giate chapters are gathering supportfor an online petition urging Presi-dent Obama to sustain the Centerfor Disease Control and Preven-tion’s funding for viral hepatitistreatment and to include viral hepa-titis in the Global Health Initiative.Since 2010, Team HBV has de-voted a week each year in May to in-crease campus awareness of hepati-tis B and liver cancer. Hepatitis BAwareness Week is a collection of educational outreach events thatfeature distinguished speakers, freefood and jade-colored memorabil-ia.“On Monday, our kickoff eventinvolved placing jade balloons andimportant hep B facts on bikesthroughout campus,” said Christo-pher Paiji ’13, president of TeamHBV. The next event, which willtake place Tuesday at 6 p.m. in theAsian American Activities Center(A3C) ballroom, will be “The Jade
Please see
HEP
, page 2Please see
 JUDICIAL
, page 6
 
normalizing.”Although the Chinese econo-my has grown at a rapid pace in thelast 30 years since former premierDeng Xiaoping introduced mar-ket reforms in 1979, Fu said, “Wehave one-fifth of the world popu-lation but we are producing rough-ly 10 percent of world GDP.”“We are looking for another 10percent to normalize,” he added.Fu said that in the future,China needs to undertakechanges including more anti-trust laws and the production of better quality products.Nonetheless, he remained posi-tive about China’s economic fu-ture.“We have to give credit to the[Chinese] government and theChinese people for what they haveaccomplished,” Fu said. “But hav-ing said that, we should not get self conceited.”After the talk, Fu fielded morethan a dozen questions on subjectsranging from China’s GDP percapita to the balance between hi-erarchy and the market within thecountry.“For the economy to move for-ward, you need to have a balanceon the supply side and demandside,” Fu said in reply to a questionon domestic consumption. “Andright now I am concerned aboutthe growth potential on the de-mand side. With the slowdown of the world economy, internationalmarkets are not demanding asmuch.”
Contact Natasha Weaser at nweas-er@stanford.edu.
CHINA 
Continued from front page
2
N
Tuesday, May 1, 2012
 The Stanford Daily
By ARIELLA AXLER
CONTRIBUTING WRITER
The 1973 creation of Global Positioning System(GPS) technology, which uses satellites to determineprecise locations on Earth, changed industries rangingfrom aviation to robotics. Professor emeritus BradfordParkinson, the engineer and inventor known as the ar-chitect of GPS, delivered a “Stanford EngineeringHero” lecture Monday about his work.“GPS has many applications for worldwide bene-fit,” Parkinson said. “Some we anticipated, some aresurprising.”As a colonel in the U.S. Air Force, Parkinson madestrides in his aeronautics and astronautics engineeringstudies as a doctoral student at Stanford. In 1973, hebecame manager of the NAVSTAR GPS develop-ment program, where he remained until 1978, when heretired from the Air Force. He then served as a profes-sor at Stanford until 1999.Parkinson described the origins and applications of GPS Monday and explored the trajectory of its future.He dedicated his lecture to the aerospace engineerswho work to advance technology in the field today.The origins of GPS date back to 1964, when IvanGetting, who later worked with Parkinson, envisioneda worldwide navigation system and sponsored a study.The first GPS systems study was from 1964 to 1966.Throughout Parkinson’s involvement in GPS engi-neering, the technology has undergone several phasesof development and advanced to incorporate new gen-erations of technology.“Back in ’74, we knew we could do aircraft GPS,”Parkinson said. “The surprise was in 1992, when we dis-covered that the implication of what we are doing is farbetter than a meter — it is on the level of a few inchesin three dimensions.”Parkinson identified two defining events in the his-tory of GPS.“The first was in 1983, when the Soviets shot downan airliner on September 1. Within two weeks Reagandeclared to the world that GPS would be availablewithin two weeks,” Parkinson said. “The second was in2001, when Clinton ordered deliberate errors in thesystem turned off.”After recounting the history of GPS, Parkinsonidentified 10 major fields that have advanced becauseof the technology. He described the GPS applicationsinvolved in aviation, emergency services, timing, agri-culture, rescue, recreation, automotive tracking, sci-ence, military, robotics and machine control.Everyday automobile drivers experience the use-fulness of GPS in locating their destinations. The appli-cations of GPS in navigation are manifold, and contin-ually expanding.“In 1974 we could do land navigation. In 1976, au-tomatic steering to an inch,” Parkinson said.In addition, the origin of coordinated internationaltime can be attributed to GPS.“A man with one watch knows what time it is, a manwith two watches is not sure,” Parkinson said. Coun-tries throughout the globe now operate on synchro-nized time.“The idea is that users on either side of the Atlanticlook at the same satellite to identify the time,” Parkin-son continued.GPS technology is also widely applied in communi-cation.“Almost all cell phone towers trace their originback to GPS,” Parkinson said.Parkinson also touched on the effects of the powerof GPS for humanity. Narrating an example of a mili-tary rescue from 1995, he outlined the role of GPS inchanging the face of rescue capability. The incident in-volved a soldier who was shot down and found six dayslater by military rescue teams.“[The soldier] attributed his success to faith in God,courage of the rescuers, and GPS, which he referred toas his guiding light,” Parkinson said.Despite the widespread applications of GPS, thereexist some tangible challenges in the technology’s fu-ture.“The number one foreseeable problem I believe isspectrum interference,” Parkinson said. He explainedhow devices may interfere with a satellite or other sig-nal.Despite where GPS technology might go in the fu-ture, Parkinson expressed amazement at the applica-tions that have already been found.“Though we usually think of space in three dimen-sions, GPS is really four dimensional,” Parkinson said.“GPS is more than simply a satellite system, it’s theservices it renders.”
Contact Ariella Axler at aaxler@stanford.edu.
SPEAKERS & EVENTS
Parkinson, GPSpioneer, shares journey of tech
 
ROGER CHEN/The Stanford Daily
Professor emeritus Bradford Parkinson gave a “Stan-ford Engineering Hero” lecture Monday evening.Parkinson, known as the architect of the GPS, dis-cussed GPS technology and future applications.
ROGER CHEN/The Stanford Daily
Fu Jun, a professor at Beijing University, addressed a crowd aboutChina’s role in a globalizing economy. Fu discussed normalizing China’spercent of global GDP against its percent of global population.
leased. Patients from other insur-ance providers are unaffected bythe negotiations.
 — Matt Bettonville
Preliminary decision made tobuild world’s largestdigital camera
By THE DAILY NEWS STAFF
SLAC National AcceleratorLaboratory’s project to build theworld’s largest digital camera ad-vanced last week as it gained Criti-cal Decision 1 approval by the De-partment of Energy. The project,called the Large Synoptic SurveyTelescope (LSST) camera, wouldcreate a 3.2-billion-pixel digitalcamera to take data on the visiblesky.“With 189 sensors and overthree tons of components thathave to be packed into an extreme-ly tight space, you can imagine thisis a very complex instrument,” Na-dine Kurita, project manager forthe LSST camera, said to theSLAC News Center. “But giventhe enormous challenges requiredto provide such a comprehensiveview of the universe, it’s been an in-credible opportunity to designsomething so unique.”The camera will take data onthe entire sky in weekly cycles, gen-erating 6 petabytes, or 6 million gi-gabytes, of data every year. Thisdata could be critical for future re-search on both objects near Earth,such as asteroids, and larger ques-tions, like the nature of dark mat-ter.Having passed the Critical De-cision 1 stage, the project will moveon to detailed designs, budgetingand timelines. However, somework has already begun on thecamera’s main mirror, which willmeasure 8.4 meters across. Prepa-rations are also underway at thefinal site for the camera, on top of Cerro Pachón, a mountain near theChilean city of Vicuña.If further approvals are met,full-scale construction on the cam-era will begin in 2014.
 — Matt Bettonville
BRIEFS
Continued from front page
Perspective on Health Advocacy,”featuring Arcadi Kolchak, policyaide to Santa Clara County supervi-sor Liz Kniss.“Overall it was a great way to letTeam HBV’s mission be heard,”said Christina Wang ’15, director of campus relations for Team HBV. “Ihope everyone on campus at leastsaw one jade balloon today, a sym-bol of Team HBV’s cause to letmore people know about the silentkiller that is hepatitis B.“The worst thing about thevirus is that its asymptomatic, sothere is very little economic or po-litical attention spent on thisvirus,” Wang said. “It’s our hope tochange that, and a lot of that startswith being aware that the virus ispretty deadly.Vaden Health Center offers freehepatitis B screenings to all stu-dents with a standard appointment.Stanford Team HBV has severalmethods to direct students to thisfree screening.“When I attended a dinner inMarch that celebrated the kickoff of the Santa Clara Hep B Freecampaign, I learned that an esti-mated 50,000 people in the countyhave hep B, with two-thirds un-aware of their infected status,” Paijisaid. “Imagine the number of jeop-ardized that would have easilybeen prevented if these individualshad known to screen for Hep Bearlier. Stanford Team HBV hopesto turn this trend around by edu-cating the surrounding at-riskcommunities.”Later in the week, Team HBVplans to host health educationevents in White Plaza and in themajor dining halls, along with hand-ing out jade cookies and sunglasses.
Contact Catherine Zaw at czaw13@stanford.edu.
HEP
Continued from front page
terial is headed for recycling andreuse.“Conscientious building dem-olition underscores Stanford’scommitment to sustainability anddemonstrates responsible man-agement through the end of abuilding’s life,” reads SustainableStanford’s website for the project.Some pieces of the formerbuilding are being repurposedaround campus. According to areport published by SustainableStanford, roof tiles from Termanare being re-installed in the risingWest Campus Recreation Center.Additionally, seats from Terman’sauditorium will be re-installed inan auditorium in the final build-ing of the new engineering quad,and pavement tiles will be used torenovate the nearby Petersen-Mitchell courtyard. Other items,such as exterior light fixtures andbike racks, will be returned to thesite and redistributed aroundcampus.One piece of the Terman park,the small lot across Lomita Mallfrom the pond area, is temporari-ly being left unlandscaped. Thelot, which formerly housed stu-dent publications including TheDaily, will eventually be madeinto a turf recreation area, but fornow is being reserved for theSolar Decathlon project, a sus-tainable housing competitionamong 20 universities.“Since new turf and treescould potentially be damaged if installed prior to this use, we arein the process of determiningfinal needs of the Solar De-cathlon and will be phasing thecompletion of the . . . site land-scaping accordingly,” Griffis saidin an email to The Daily.Mulch from the Stanford Hos-pital renovation project will bebrought to the site so that theSolar Decathlon team can con-struct their project for the 2013competition. Landscaping mightresume on the area when theteam moves its project to Irvine,Calif. in October 2013.The exact date of the openingof the park has not been an-nounced, but despite signs at thesite indicating “Summer 2012,”Griffis said it is on track to openlater this month.
Contact Matt Bettonville at mbet-tonville@stanford.edu.
TERMAN
Continued from front page
Like most Americans, millions of young peoplehave been deeply affected by the terrorist attacks.They are asking for a way to get personally involvedand make a difference.By purchasing The Heart of America Pin, corporationsand organizations can support the relief efforts and alsohelp young people get involved in creating a betterworld.All prots from the sale of pins will support TheHeart of America Foundations community programsand Family Relief Fund for the families of the victimsof terrorism. Show the world the power of love.Corporations and organizations can visitThe Heart of America Foundations website atwww.heartofamerica.org for information abouthow they can help. Retail orders may be placeddirectly with the pins manufacturer, Friends, Inc.at 1-877-I-CARE PINS (422-7374).
 
By RAYMOND LUONG
I
t has been described byStanford students as every-thing from a Spanish man-sion to a Gothic fortressand even a haunted castle,but these misconceptions strikefar from the truth.Perched on top of a hill be-hind Florence Moore Hall, thismysterious Stanford landmark isnone other than the Knoll, cur-rently home to Stanford’s Centerfor Computer Research in Musicand Acoustics (CCRMA, pro-nounced “karma”).Designed by architect LouisChristian Mullgardt in the 1910s,the Knoll was originally intendedto be the residence of StanfordPresident Ray Lyman Wilbur. In1946, the Knoll became home tothe Stanford Department of Music and in 1986, CCRMAmoved to the location.CCRMA was founded in 1975by John Chowning, a Stanfordprofessor, researcher, musicianand inventor. Originally locatedat the Stanford Artificial Intelli-gence Laboratory on East Cam-pus, CCRMA was founded as aresearch center for digital audioand computer-based technology.In 1989, the Knoll was dam-aged in the Loma Prieta earth-quake, rendering the third floorunsafe. As a result, the Knoll un-derwent a major renovation be-tween 2004 and 2005.Following the renovation, theKnoll now contains modernsound studios and open-planwork spaces. Among the updatedrooms are a 100-seat perform-ance hall for contemporarymusic performances and a listen-ing room that allows for individu-als to conduct research in syn-thetic acoustical space.CCRMA is composed of aca-demic directors, professors andengineers, but the majority of CCRMA affiliates are students,both graduate and undergradu-ate.“CCRMA is strongly interdis-ciplinary, where physicists, elec-trical engineers, musicians andartists can come together in onespot to cross boundaries,” saidChris Carlson M.A. ’12. “For ex-ample, musicians are learning tocode and engineers are learningcomposition.”“There is usually somestrange sound coming from partof the [building] and studentshacking away at code, but there isa happy exhaustion,” Carlsonsaid, describing the Knoll envi-ronment on most evenings.Although the Knoll’s atmos-phere is very much research-ori-ented, there is a strong sense of community that allows for collab-oration on a variety of projects.“Everyone takes a multidisci-plinary approach to their workand projects so everyone knowseverything about everything,”said Jennifer Hsu M.A. ’13. “Thismultidisciplinary approach alsoforces you to talk to other peopleto learn, so there’s this great,warm community here.”The wide range of ongoing re-search at CCRMA centers on theidea of approaching the intersec-tion of music, technology and artfrom various angles. Researchersconduct work in sound synthesis,human computer interaction, en-vironmental sounds, music cogni-tion and sonification, just toname a few topics.One current project seeks torecreate the audio experience of the Hagia Sophia, a mosque andmuseum in Istanbul with verydistinctive acoustics due to itsunique domed ceiling. Anotherproject focuses on using audio il-lusions and computerized musicto learn more about the humansense of hearing. Other re-searchers are working with dualelectroencephalograms (EEGs)and monitoring the brain activityof two musicians as they perform,or two people as one performsand the other listens.“CCRMA always attracts aphenomenal mix of people withdiverse interest in arts and engi-neering,” said Chris ChafeD.M.A. ’83, CCRMA director.“It’s a playground with opportu-nity and new faces.Chafe extends an open invita-tion to all interested in any of CCRMA’s courses, researchgroups or interdisciplinary proj-ects, as students have historicallyalways been highly involved andengaged with the organization’sresearch.Over the past few years, therehave been significant researchtrends at CCRMA.“In the past, people camespecifically to study somethingspecific like audio signal process-ing,” said Luke Dahl M.A. ’07Ph.D. ’13. “There has been a shiftto more creative and interdisci-plinary projects.In addition to the increasedinterest in interdisciplinary re-search, CCRMA has also in-creased in popularity.“People have been askingmore and more about music andCCRMA in the past three to fouryears, especially in the under-graduate community,” said SteveHenderson ’08 M.A. ’12, who hasbeen working at CCRMA sincehis time as an undergraduate.“I’m frequently asked, ‘What do Ihave to do to get in there?’”Aside from academic contri-butions, the center holds fre-quent events and activities, onsubjects from neurocognitionand perceptual audio to thephysics of music, digital signalprocessing, audio engineering,music production and computerscience.The Knoll’s auditorium, withequipment such as a state-of-the-art surround sound system, agrand piano and a multi-screenvideo projection system, is alsohome to many concerts, oftenfeaturing computer music com-posed by students and faculty.The outdoor space behind thebuilding also hosts musicalevents.In addition, the center holdsits annual concert, Modulations,each April in San Francisco,showcasing leading electronicmusicians, dancers and sound in-stallations from both guest andCCRMA artists.However, the core focus of thecenter remains its research proj-ects. In ten years, Chafe predicts agreater emphasis on mobile andbiological computing with aneven greater focus on interdisci-plinary projects.“It’s going to be fun,” he said.
Contact Raymond Luong at raylu-ong@stanford.edu.
 The Stanford Daily
Tuesday, May 1, 2012
N
3
 
MANSION OF MUSIC
By KADEN FREEMAN
T
he drivers at 5-SURE don’t mind if you’re a regular. Infact, they are morethan happy to pickyou up, whether it’s your firsttime calling or a thrice-weeklyhabit.Students United for RiskElimination (5-SURE) is an or-ganization that dispatches driv-ers to students in need of a rideon campus. The programemerged in the 1970s as Stu-dents United for Rape Elimina-tion (SURE). In its early days,SURE had no cars and func-tioned more as a buddy-systemservice, sending male volunteerson bikes to walk with studentson their way home.This system ran into somecontroversy, with many criticsarguing that the service waschauvinistic and an improperway to address the problem of female rape, so teams of femalevolunteers were added to thegroup to begin escorting stu-dents home.Demand for SURE’s escortsdwindled in the 1980s, and theorganization eventuallystopped running. However, in-creased interest in the group’sservices in the 1990s brought theorganization back from thedead — this time with golf carts.The carts helped ridership surgeand rooted 5-SURE into cam-pus culture.Today, 5-SURE is Universi-ty-funded and operates sevendays a week — except during fi-nals and dead week — from 9:00p.m. to 1:45 a.m. Along with agolf cart, the organization nowhas a car and an enthusiasticteam of student drivers.On one Saturday night,Amelia Herrera ’12, Jodie Ha’14 and Laura Potter ’14 mannedthe front desk, with one of thethree occasionally stepping outto pick someone up, while fre-quent bouts of laughter carriedthrough the lobby of Old Union.“I work for 5-SURE becauseit’s a good program,” Herrerasaid. “In the light of several re-cent incidents on campus, it’s im-portant for students to have ameans of getting home safe, andI’m more than happy to do mypart to make that a reality.”“Being a driver is a really en-tertaining job, you get to hearlots of stories about where peo-ple are coming from and wherethey’re going,” Ha added.When asked if she could re-count a specific memorable ex-perience she had while driving,Ha whispered to Herrera andthe two burst out laughing.In the name of driver confi-dentiality, the two decided toparaphrase.“You meet some interestingpeople,” Ha said with a chuckle.“Sometimes you get peoplewho can be a little rowdy, butI’ve never had an experiencewhere someone has been out of control or where I have felt un-safe as a driver,” Herrera said.According to Potter, “Thereare definitely regulars, peoplewho we see almost every night,but for some people who live inOak Creek [Apartments] or EV[Escondido Village], they needus to be able to get home safelyeach night.”“It’s actually kind of funny,I’ll sometimes see them in thedaytime and say hello, but theydon’t always recognize me,” shecontinued.Another round of laughter atthe table hinted that this phe-nomenon is familiar to all 5-SURE drivers.With services running everyday until 1:45 a.m., 5-SUREdrivers are in for some latenights. However, this didn’t ap-pear to faze any of the threedrivers.“5-SURE is a very student-friendly organization, even forus as employees,” Herrera said.“If you have a midterm or apaper due, it’s not difficult tofind someone to cover yourshit.”“We’re not open during fi-nals because we’re students,too,” Ha said. “But if you’re atwork and it’s a slow night withno calls coming in, it’s no prob-lem to do some of your workwhile you’re at the desk.”The fact that 5-SURE driversare fellow students with “limitedresources” is something all threewomen agreed they would likestudents to keep in mind.“We’re not a limo service,and we don’t have a huge fleet of cars,” Herrera said. “We’re agroup of one dispatcher and twodrivers each night, and one of our vehicles is a golf cart thatcan’t go over twenty miles perhour.”“Sometimes, we get callerswho react impolitely when wetell them there will be a 15 or 20minute wait for a ride or whotreat us rudely as we’re drivingthem,” Ha interjected.Despite the occasional ill-mannered passenger, Herrera,Ha and Potter all agreed thatthey love their job.“I’ve picked up people fromsituations in which they reallydid feel unsafe,” Potter said.“Even if they’re drunk . . . as adriver you get to experience a lotof really heartwarming occa-sions that remind you thatyou’re helping people.”“At the end of the day, thereare plenty of other jobs on cam-pus that are a lot more conven-ient without the late hours, butanyone who is here at 5-SUREis here to help others,” Herrerasaid.With that, Herrera answeredthe phone and dispatched Potterto pick up someone from EV.All in a night’s work.
Contact Kaden Freeman at kaden123@stanford.edu.
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MADELINE SIDES/The Stanford Daily
Stanford’s Students United for Risk Elimination (5-SURE) providesfree rides for students across campus.
M.J. MA/The Stanford Daily

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