true. What happens? The boat feels under powered: so here is a gap (In the gearbox) betweenthe rolled 130 (at 315 sq.ft. and the staysail at 180 is sq.ft. This is the essence of the issue---Too big a gap in the gearbox.
3. Sail options
There are a few options available to address to above scenario with the overpowered Genoa.
You can unroll the now reefed Genoa, wrestle it to the foredeck, get it in the bag and then setabout getting the 80% Yankee into the furler. With the 80% jib set the wind force on this sailassuming it is 277sq.ft. is 134442 or a bit less than the furled Genoa. This is actually why hanks are still used on some (not too big) boats going in the ocean- It isactually easier to change sails and eliminates all the rigging I am going to describe below. Andfrankly many of the boats that are today used for cruising were designed when hanks were thestandard way of securing sails to the stays and unfortunately when large headsails were also thestandard design feature of boats, which has to do with rating rules and boat marketing and is abit outside the scope of this essay Most folks are disinclined to engage in the wrestling match required to change sails on a furlerwhen it is blowing 20 knots, let alone 40 knots, although simply turning the boat down windmakes it a lot easier, so there needs to be another answer.
The general use roller reefing sail, living on the furler can actually be one of the smaller sails, saya 110% Yankee and the lighter air sails can be set on the Solent—see below The phenomenon described in point one has led to the increasing use of what is commonly calleda Solent stay.
A Solent is a stay (and companion halyard & equipment) that is attached to the mast close to thetop, generally about a foot below the topmast head stay. It lands on the deck just abaft of thefurling unit. It thus roughly parallels the head stay and is aft of it by perhaps 12 inches or so onboats the size we are discussing. This stay needs to be removable, ideally pretty quickly, so as tobe able to unroll and/or tack the general use furling sail if it is needed in a hurry. (
NB since theSolent stay is so close to the head stay it is not practical to contemplate tacking thefurling sail thru the 12” gap between the two stays
) The Solent stay should also be able tohave the tension readily adjusted once it is set and after the entire load has been applied and thewire and other parts have stretched over time-generally a few hours. The Solent stay offers theopportunity to have several sails (gears), as for instance:
A light air drifter/reacher for the under 6-7 kts true wind condition or perhaps, a bit morewhen reaching, say 10-14 true at 75-90 apparent.
A hank on general use Genoa, in the 140% size range if the general use sail on the furler isa 100% Yankee as noted in two above.
A small sail such as that 85-90% Jib/Yankee described above. Possibly with a reef in it.Reefs in headsails are installed in the same way as in a mainsail and were common inheadsails before the days of roller furling equipment.