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Ecological Solid Waste Management Notes

Ecological Solid Waste Management Notes

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Published by: santiagofaye on May 01, 2012
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Ecological Solid Waste Management
Topic Outline
 
What is Solid Waste?
 
Sources of Solid Waste
 
Classification of Solid Waste
 
Solid Waste Management
 
Effects of Solid Waste
 
Treatment and Disposal
What is Solid Waste?
 
Refers to all discarded household, commercial waste, non-hazardous institutionaland industrial waste, street sweepings, construction debris, agricultural wastes & other non-hazardous & non-toxic solid wastes.
Scope of Solid Wastes
Solid waste
-
household, commercial, institutional (non-hazardous), street sweepings,construction debris, agricultural, and other non-hazardous wasteSpecial waste
-
household/ commercial hazardous waste
 –
e.g., paints, thinners,batteries, spray canisters.
Sources of Solid Wastes
 
Residential
 –
domestic & special
 
Commercial
 –
domestic
 
Industrial
 –
domestic & process waste
 
Institutional
 
Schools/universities
 –
domestic/infectious& pathogenic
 
Health care/facilities
 –
domestic/infectious & pathogenic
Categories of Solid Waste
NON-HAZARDOUS SOLID WASTES
 
Biodegradable
 
Non-biodegradable
 
Recyclables
 
Bulky wastes / scrap (e.g. damaged chairs, furnitures)HAZARDOUS SOLID WASTES
 
Empty chemical containers (e.g. paint cans, adhesive tubes)
 
Medical wastes
 
Chemical Wastes
 
Classification of Solid Waste
 
Domestic Waste
 
Factory Waste
 
Waste from oil factory
 
E-waste
 
Construction Waste
 
 Agricultural Waste
 
Food Processing Waste
 
Bio-medical Waste
 
Nuclear Waste
Compostable Wastes
 
 Are biodegradable waste such as food wastes, garden wastes & animal wastes.They undergo biological degradation under controlled conditions and can beturned into compost (soil conditioner or organic fertilizer).
Examples: 
 Fruit & vegetable peelingsFood leftovers Vegetable & plant trimmings
Recyclable Wastes
 
Materials retrieved from waste stream and free from contamination & can still beconverted into suitable beneficial use. These may be transformed into newproducts in such a manner that the original products may lose its identity.
Examples: 
 Papers GlassPlastics Metals
Residual Wastes
 
Waste materials that are non-compostable & non-recyclable. They should bedisposed ecologically through a long term disposal facility or sanitary landfill.
Examples: 
Bulky wastes: Broken furniture, lamps, book cases, filing cabinets
Waste Mismanagement
 
Solid Waste ManagementGarbage Generation Collection Disposal
Segregation Segregated Use of sanitary Avoidance Collection landfills and/orReuse alternativeReduce technologyRecycleComposting
Causal of Increase in Solid Waste
 
Population growth
 
Increase in industrials manufacturing
 
Urbanization
 
Modernization
 
Modernization, technological advancement and increase in globalpopulation created rising in demand for food and other essentials.
Effects of Solid Waste
 
Health
 
Environment
 
 Aquatic Life and Animals
Impacts of Solid Waste in Health
 
Chemical poisoning through chemical inhalation
 
Uncollected waste can obstruct the storm water runoff resulting in flood
 
Low birth weight
 
Cancer
 
Congenital malformation
 
Neurological disease
 
Nausea and vomiting
 
Increase in hospitalization of diabetic residents living near hazard waste sites.
 
Mercury toxicity from eating fish with high levels of mercury.
Impacts of Solid Waste on Environment
 
Waste breaks down in landfills to form methane, a potent greenhouse gas
 
Change in climate and destruction of ozone layer due to waste biodegradable
 
Littering, due to waste pollutions, illegal dumping, Leaching: is a process bywhich solid waste enter soil and ground water and contaminating them

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