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P. 1
Corruption in Pn

Corruption in Pn

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Published by Armand G Pontejos

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Published by: Armand G Pontejos on May 01, 2012
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1
AStudyof
CorruptioninthePhilippineNavy
 By:LTJG ANTONIO F TRILLANES IV PNOctober 2001
 
2
INTRODUCTION
On 26 May 2001, Abu Sayyaf bandits kidnapped 20 persons from Dos Palmas, anupscale resort in Palawan. The next day, a joint task force was formed to conduct pursuitoperations (PDI, 27 May 2001). On 28 May, a reconnaissance plane spotted thekidnappers’ group aboard three boats approaching the Mapun Island Group (MIG)(PDI,28 May 2001). Immediately, four navy patrol crafts were dispatched to conduct a navalblockade on the island. Then finally on 31 May, Abu Sayyaf spokesman Abu Sabayaclaimed that they have slipped through the naval blockade and are now in Sulu andBasilan (PDI, 31 May 2001). Presidential Spokesperson Rigoberto Tiglao quickly forgavethe Navy for its ineffectiveness when he said: “the gunmen’s boats had top speeds of 40knots, way beyond the capability of the Philippine Navy. Using that type of craft theywould have eaten up the wide expanse of Sulu Sea between Palawan and Cagayan deTawi-Tawi (Mapun) in five hours” (PDI, 28 May 2001). Tiglao further stressed: “Thebiggest problem really is the Philippine Navy has few patrol boats. There are plans toincrease the number of these patrol boats” (PDI, 28 May 2001). These statements comingfrom the presidential spokesperson clearly signified three things: First, the cluelessnessof the Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (GMA) Administration regarding the true situation onthe ground and its total reliance on sanitized information given by the AFP leadership;Second, its ignorance of the capabilities of its navy; Lastly, the GMA Administration’spenchant for tolerating grossly incompetent acts of the Armed Forces of the Philippines,in this case the Navy, due to her political indebtedness to it for being primarilyresponsible for installing her as President of the Republic.The kidnappers actually used motor launches (
lancha
) that run a measly 12 knotsas seen by the Air Force reconnaissance plane and reported to the Western Command.This probably explains why the kidnappers reportedly took two days (and not fivehours as Tiglao said) to travel from Dos Palmas to MIG. Besides, the
kumpit
(fast motorboats used by smugglers in the South), while it is true that it can run up to 40 knots(without load), it is never used for prolonged sorties as it easily runs out of fuel. Itsreported fuel consumption is approximately 500 liters per hour at the speed of 40 knots.For it to traverse Dos Palmas to Mapun and eventually to Basilan, they would needspace for at least 10 drums of fuel aside from the space that the kidnappers and hostageswould occupy. For a sleek boat, which measures no more than 60 feet, this is impossibleunless they had a convoy of at least five
kumpits,
which is totally unheard of, and costsaround P25 million.The four navy patrol crafts should have successfully blockaded MIG, which onlyhas a land area of approximately 30 square nautical miles (n.mi.), had they beendeployed correctly. Each craft has a navigational/surface search radar that has aneffective scanning radius of six n.mi.. This means that if properly positioned, the fourpatrol crafts’ radar sweeps should have overlapped at least at the middle, thus coveringthe whole MIG up to three n.mi. off the coastlines. However, as it happened the TaskGroup Commander in charge of the blockade, relying heavily on intelligence reports,positioned all four crafts 1 n.mi. off Tandatao Point of Mapun mainland at 500-yardintervals, thus minimizing their surface search capabilities. The Naval Special WarfareGroup team that landed in the area supposedly to rescue the hostages, found out thatindeed one of the boats used was anchored near Tandatao Point, but the kidnappers’group was either in Pamelikan Island or Binlut Island, the northern islands of MIG and
 
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both were way beyond radar range from where the crafts were positioned thus, enablingthe group to slip off to Basilan.The escape of the Abu Sayyaf through the naval blockade was one tacticalblunder that caused great humiliation and enormous costs to the country. To be simplyignored and forgiven by the President (through Tiglao’s statement) was a display ofweakness as a Commander-in-Chief of the AFP. But the President could not have beenthat stupid and weak, as this gesture had showed. Thus, it is rather safe to conclude that,as mentioned earlier, it was her political indebtedness and fear of the AFP thatprevented her from imposing sanctions lest she suffers the same fate as former President Joseph Estrada through another ‘withdrawal of support’ by the AFP. These unfortunatepolitical concessions, first demonstrated in the case of Rear Admiral Guillermo G. WongAFP during the Philippine Navy leadership crisis that occurred in February 2001 (to bediscussed later in this paper), while it would favor certain officers, could furtherdeteriorate the Navy, and the AFP.While it would seem that the incident cited above has dwelt more onincompetence and ineffectiveness, this paper will show that this is just one manifestationof the ill effects of corruption in the Navy. More specifically, how corruption made thisincident even possible in the first place.Through the years, the Navy top brass have always raised the issues ofobsolescence and shortage of operating assets of the fleet to cover for the Navy’sineffectiveness. But is this really the case? Or, is it simply caused by an institutionalizedcorruption that exists in all levels and in all areas of the organization? If so, then what isthe cost? How could this problem be solved? These are the questions that this paperintends to answer.In going about the discussion, a brief look at the history of the Navy will benecessary to appreciate its importance and relevance to the country. Other basic factsabout the organization will also be laid down to provide the necessary backdrop to themain subject of the paper.
THE PHILIPPINE NAVY
THE PASTThe Insurgent Navy
The Philippine Navy traces its roots way back to the Philippine Revolutionagainst Spain with the handover by the Americans of a captured Spanish steam pinnaceto General Emilio Aguinaldo on 20 May 1898. The vessel was renamed
 Magdalo
andemerged as the first watercraft of the navy.
 
Soon, several other merchant ships donatedby patriots were added to form a nascent fleet. The Insurgent Navy was instrumental tothe revolutionary cause through its conduct of basic naval operations, such as troopdeployments and arms shipments. The first successful amphibious assault against aSpanish garrison was even spearheaded by the
 Magdalo
at Bacoor Bay on 26 May 1898.Its effectiveness went on throughout the Filipino-American War. However, after thecapture of President Aguinaldo on 23 March 1901, the insurgent navy disintegrated.(Zulueta, 1998: 20)

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