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High Dive Summary

# High Dive Summary

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A summary of the IMP Year 4 unit, "High Dive".
A summary of the IMP Year 4 unit, "High Dive".

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11/08/2012

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Garg 1
High Dive Summary (Part 1)
Formulas:
The formula for the diver’s height above the ground
is
=65+50sin9
, where W is
the number of seconds that have passed since the diver has left the 3 o’clock position.
Thisformula is derived from the following diagram:The circle represents the Ferris wheel, and the angled line segment represents one side
of the angle that is between the 3 o’clock radius and itself.
Since the arc speed is one rotation in40 seconds, the angular speed is nine degrees in one second.
The Ferris wheel’s radius is 50 feet.
A triangle was created by the angled line segment, the
3 o’clock radius, and line segment placed
perpendicular to the radius and touching the edge of the circle at the same point as the firstline segment.
The triangle’s hypotenuse is 50 feet, which is the same as the radius. The bottom
left angle is the product of 9W. Therefore, we can write the triangle as
sin
=
50
, where
isthe angle and y is the vertical leg of the triangle. Since we only want y, we can multiply the
°
yx

Garg 2entire equation by 50. Since the center of the Ferris wheel is 65 feet above the ground, we needto add 65 to the equation, and we are left with
=65+50sin9
. For example, if the diverhas been rotating for ten seconds, his height is 115 feet above the ground.
To find the diver’s x
-coordinate at the moment when he is released, we use the formula
=50cos9
. This formula is derived from the circle diagram on the previous page. Using the
same measures as the previous paragraph, the triangle’s hypotenuse is 50 feet. This is also theFerris wheel’s radius.
Since we wa
nt to find the diver’s x
-coordinate, we need to find thehorizontal leg of the triangle, or x. The angular speed is also the same as the previous paragraph,which is nine degrees per second. So, to find angle
, we must multiply wheel time, W, by 9.After we have the angle, we know that
cos
=
50
. To find just x, multiply both sides by 50, andwe are left with
=50cos9
. For example, if the diver has been rotating for 14 seconds, hisx-coordinate is -29.4 feet.To find the amount of time the diver is falling, we use the formula
=

816
. Thisformula is derived from the fact that the magnitude of
gravity’s acceleration on Earth is 32 feet
per second.
The diver’s initial velocity is zero feet per second, obviously. His final velocity is
found by multiplying 32 by the number of seconds he has fallen, or
32
. Since we want to findthe average velocity of these two velocities, we must add them and then divide by two, givingus

=
12
(32
)
. To find the distance he has fallen, we must multiply that by the number of seconds he has fallen, giving us
=
12
(32
)
, where x is the distance he has fallen. To find the
diver’s distance from the ground when he is dropped from a certain height, h, we must subtract

Garg 3the previous formula from h, giving us
=

12
(32
)
, where d is the distance from theground. Since we want to find how long it will take to fall from h to eight feet above the ground(the height of the top of the water in the cart), we must substitute eight for d. After simplifyingthe formula greatly, we end up with
=

ℎ−
816
. For example, if the diver is 100 feet above theground, it will take him 2.4 seconds to reach the level of the cart.To find the diver
s fall time while accounting for initial velocity, we must use the formula
=
2.5
cos9
+

(2.5
cos9
)
2
+ 64(57+50sin9
)32
. This is because we need to use the quadraticformula to solve the equation:
0=(57+50sin9
)+(2.5
cos9
)
16
2
. In thisequation, the first part of the right side gives the initial height of the diver (subtracting 8 for theheight of the cart), the middle part gives the vertical component of velocity (explained in theVelocity section), and the last part factors in acceleration due to gravity. For example, if thediver has been rotating for 8 seconds, it will take him 2.63 seconds to reach the level of the cart.
To find the cart’s x
-coordinate when the diver reaches the water level, we use theformula
=
240+15(
+
)
.
First of all, to find the cart’s x
-coordinate after a certainamount of time, we must use the formula
=
240+15
, where W is the amount of timein seconds the cart has been moving. We get this formula because the speed of the cart is 15feet per second, and the cart starts at an x-coordinate of -240. W is simply the time the divertakes to rotate on the wheel from the 3 o
clock position to his diving position. To find F, the
diver’s fall
time, we simply use the formula for t from the previous paragraph. For example, if the diver had been rotating for 8 seconds and had fallen for 2.63 seconds, the x-coordinate of the cart would be -80.55 feet.