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information Technology and society

information Technology and society



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Published by harrymonk

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Published by: harrymonk on Dec 20, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Information technology which has revolutionized entire business world has also laiddown the foundation of a future society. A society where IT will play a verysignificant role in everybody’s life.Few of the areas where IT can provide development are as follows:1.
: Democratic sectors like government, elected representatives, political parties, citizens and voters can use the information andcommunication technology with in the political process of local communities,states, regions, nation and on global stage.1.1E-voting : The voter with the use of dedicated link to the polling site can doonline voting which is still a dream in India. Online voting will help NRIs totake part in election. Also far flung areas can be connected to the election process.1.2 E-citizen: There will be more active participation of citizen enabled byinternet, mobile communication which will help in more participatory formsof direct citizen involvement in efforts to address public challenges.2.
: Irrespective of rural or urban area, distance will be shortenedusing information technology. In such a situation an electronic connectivityshould emerge between the various State and Central GovernmentDepartments for fully committed transparent administration. A networkeddatabase with real time updated data exchange will ensure speedy service tothe people under one roof for all their government/non-government servicerequirement. Transparency will have to emerge in governance.2.1 Online consultation: The government can make its consultation framework online. This can be done by having special portal dedicated to openconsultation across the government.3.
Disaster management
: Through the application of information technologytools sufferings can be minimized.
A well defined website can provide a new and potentiallyrevolutionary option for the rapid, automatic, and global dissemination of disaster information. A number of individuals and groups, including severalnational meteorological services, can experiment with the Internet for real-time dissemination of weather observation, forecasts, satellite and other data.3.1Drought : A database can be maintain of all the land samples gathered fromsatellite which can be used to target potential ground water sites for taking upwell-digging programmes. Also the database provides valuable tools for evaluating areas subject to desertification.3.2Flood : In case of flood data can be effectively used for mapping andmonitoring the flood inundated areas, flood damage assessment, flood hazardzoning and post-flood survey of rivers configuration and protection works.
3.3Landslide : Depending upon the methodology adopted and thecomprehensiveness of the input data used, a landslide hazard zonation mapcan be built which will be able to provide help concerning location,-extent of the slop area likely to be affected, and rate of mass movement of the slopemass.4
Green technology
: IT can be very helpful in reducing the global warming and promoting the green and clean technology. As more and more service sector will come into existence and IT will prevail in every sector as an efficiencyenhancer, therefore the information technology provider should providedevices which produce very low heat and pollutants. Right from the home tooffices all the hardware should be so efficient and clean that the globalwarming be in limit.IT as a largest service provider in the society will play a major role inmotivating the employee towards the responsibility towards the nature. ITemployee can become the model for the common man in conserving the natureand spreading the awareness among common mass as these employees areyoung and juvenile.IT offices can become an epitome for all the other sectors as they will developinto one of the most clean, green and efficient office using 100% renewablesource of energy.5
: One of the basic requirements of a society to make futuregeneration eligible to understand the need for development is education. As wehave vision to be a developed country by 2020 higher education has becomeessential for both students and parents. However, scarcity of good teachers isvisible everywhere. Good teaching and interactive teaching are possiblethrough tele-education and inspired teachers.The education system will become very advance with a vision of PC at everyhome, books will be largely replaced by soft-books at school level. Teachers inthe villages can easily interact with their counterpart in cities and learn fromeach others experiences.An association of teachers can work online to discuss the new ways of improving the education, to make it more competitive where both rural andurban students’ intelligence level can bring to equal level.At school level the teacher can make student understand a concept with thehelp of the live images from all around the world. 3D software will help in providing much better understanding to the students of the 3D figures likehemisphere, cuboids which they use to understand on books using imagination power only.6
Medical and health
: Medical Informatics will be the key word in the healthand medical. It is managing medical and health care through informationscience and technology. MI deals with the entire domain of medicine and
health care, from computer-based patient records to image processing andfrom primary care practices to hospitals and regions of health care.Effective computerised systems and procedures will be implemented to ensure proper utilisation of limited resources toward cost-effective quality health careand the patient satisfaction. Before deciding to go for such system one shouldhave some insight to the implementation of the different modules and evolvinguser-friendly computerised systems, which are loved and cared by all.Computer-based patient record: Physicians and health administrators canefficiently retrieve data for consequent research from the computerisedmedical records. Good clinical research needs accurate and detailed clinicalinformation and they significantly improve the medical care. This detailedinformation can even be used for other processes in the business of medicaland health care. The knowledge of advantages and disadvantages of differentsystems available for recording and codifying are important.Knowledge-based and expert systems: The rapid evolution of technology andclinical research makes it difficult even for the specialist to keep up. In the lightof this ’information explosion’, it has been demonstrated that physicians do notalways make optimal decisions. A computer-assisted diagnostic support system(CAD) generates diagnostic hypothesis from a set of patient data. It can be usedsimultaneously with the doctor-patient consultation. The knowledge-basedsystem (KBS) is designed to meet the knowledge gaps of the individual physician with specific patient problems. KBS and such other expert systems(ES) can be a boon to the rural health centres because even the general medical practitioners can operate the systems. Computer-assisted medical decisionmaking and knowledge- based systems are ideal examples of artificialintelligence.Surgical simulations: The advancement in imaging technology and high performance computer hardware and software have made it possible for thesurgeons to intuitively explore the complex data to determine the best form of treatment in the most difficult pathologic conditions.The development of 3-Dinteractive anatomic road map for a particular patient’s disease and anatomyenables the surgeon to have accurate pre-operative assessmentVirtual environment: In the simulated world of virtual environments, thesurgeon can plan and practise surgical procedures. The computer-generatedsurgical simulation has great potential. The virtual reality is valuable where theanatomy is complex and the surgical problem is difficult. This advancedtechnology can become an adjunctive training aid to the residents in training andthe experienced surgeons.Patient educationOn the Internet, patients can quickly obtain the latest information on supportgroups, therapeutic modalities, late-breaking research, and individual copingstrategies. If clinicians incorporate some sort of Computer-assisted patient

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