Electrical Principles I Coursework Assignment 2: the defibrillator
are designed to restore the normal rhythm of heart activity when it is disturbed byaccident or disease, by passing a large but short-lived electric current through the chest. Althoughthe basic defibrillator circuit has a transient RC behaviour, an inductor may be introduced, givingan RLC behaviour. The inductor allows the delivered pulse to be shaped in ways not possiblewith the simple RC configuration.Your assignment is as follows:(a)Adapt the theory of RLC processes given in your lecture notes to model theoretically the behaviour of the defibrillator. The basic differential equation for the current is unchanged, but theinitial conditions will be different, and this leads to different solutions: Start by stating the correctinitial conditions, then apply them to the general solutions to derive the solutions. The cases R
4L/C and R² < 4L/C should both be covered.
(Note: you do NOT need to rederive the general solutions from the DE. Start at the point where the initial conditions for current and voltages areused).
(b)Use SIMetrix to simulate the defibrillator circuit. Choose appropriate values for R, L and C. Note: no switches are needed - by setting the initial state of the capacitor and inductor you canreproduce the initial conditions of part (a). Compare your results for the current with the theory of part (a) and the sketch graphs in the accompanying notes.
(Hint: suitable values for R and C canbe derived from the notes - L can then be adjusted to give reasonable agreement).
(c)Finish off your report with a general discussion of defibrillators, informed by parts (a) and (b)and by your reading and research (give adequate references to any sources used).