2001. Report No.
2. Government Accession No.
3. Recipient'sCatalog No.
4. Title and Subtitle
Update LADOTD Policy on Pile Driving Vibration Management
5. Report Date
6. Performing Organization Code
LTRC Project Number: 09-1GTState Project Number:
Mingjiang Tao and Mo Zhang
8. Performing Organization Report No.
9. Performing Organization Name and Address
Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringWorcester Polytechnic InstituteWorcester, MA 01609
10. Work Unit No.
11. Contract or Grant No.
12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address
Louisiana Department of Transportation andDevelopmentP.O. Box 94245Baton Rouge, LA 70804-9245
13. Type of Report and Period Covered
June 2009-May 2011
14. Sponsoring Agency Code
15. Supplementary Notes
Conducted in Cooperation with the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration
The main objective of this project was to update the current Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development(LADOTD) policy on pile driving vibration risk management with a focus on how to determine an appropriate vibrationmonitoring area. The current best practice of managing the risk of pile driving by federal and state highway agencies wasidentified by conducting a comprehensive literature review and a questionnaire survey. Ground vibration data werecollected from previous pile driving projects in the state of Louisiana, which were statistically analyzed on the basis of thescaled-distance concept to develop regression equations for predicting ground vibration Peak Particle Velocity (PPV)values. A rational procedure for determining an appropriate vibration monitoring distance (VMD) was developed for
Louisiana’s local conditions based on a 99 percent prediction
-level regression equation for predicting PPV values. Thefindings (the threshold PPV limits and the VMD) obtained from the empirical scaled-distance concept were further verifiedwith dynamic finite element method (FEM) simulations.
The results from this study indicated that the vibration criteria specified in the current Louisiana’s special provision are
generally too conservative (i.e., a PPV limit of 0.2 in/s for residential buildings and a pre-construction survey distance of 500 ft.) and should be revised. Regarding the threshold PPV limits, the results suggest that 0.5 and 0.1 in/s should be usedfor a general scenario (neither historic buildings nearby nor loose sandy soil layers present) and for a special scenario (eithera historic building or a loose sandy layer existing near pile driving sites), respectively. Consequently, VMDs of 200 and 500ft. are recommended for general and special scenarios, respectively. The values of VMD in the case of a large pile drivinghammer (i.e., its rate energy larger than 100,000 ft-lbf) being used were also recommended. The pre-construction surveydistance was suggested to take the same value as the VMD.A specification draft was developed on the basis of the major findings from this study, which is included in Appendix E andready to be implemented by LADOTD in future pile driving projects.
17. Key Words
*Pile Driving Vibration
18. Distribution Statement
Unrestricted. This document is available through theNational Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA21161.
19. Security Classif. (of this report)
20. Security Classif. (of this page)
21. No. of Pages
TECHNICAL REPORT STANDARD PAGE