Slight Change in the Number of IDPs
According to the latest IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix(DTM) report, the total number of vulnerable individualsliving in camps is now less than 500,000. The populationliving in camps decreased from 515,961 in January 2012to 490,545 individuals (or 120,791 IDP households) in 660IDP sites in earthquake affected areas in February, a 5 per cent decrease. Since the beginning of the displacementcrisis, the majority of the displaced population, about 60per cent (72,152 households) has resided in 52 of thelarger sites of over 500 households. These 52 sitesrepresent only 8 per cent of all sites confirming the trendalready observed in previous reports of increasedconcentration in large camps.
Since the emergence of camps in January 2010, therehave been 396 IDP sites in 12 communes that have facedthreats of eviction. A total of 10 camps were evicted duringthe last two months, affecting 1,395 people. Approximately94,632 individuals are currently living under threat of eviction, representing almost 20 per cent of all peoplecurrently living in the camps in Haiti. The UN continues topromote a voluntary and dignified return for displacedpersons and to coordinate interventions in return areas.
Resurgence of Cholera with the Start of theRainy Season
As of early April, the total number of reported choleracases since October 2010 was 534,647. Overall, data fromhealth facilities indicate that 7,091 people have died (casefatality rate of 1.3 per cent). An increase in the number of new cholera cases was reported in Artibonite, North
Westand West Departments, confirming predictions of higher incidence of the disease with the early arrival of the rainyseason in February. Since last June, which saw peaks of more than 1,000 cases on certain days, theepidemiological trend had been steadilydeclining in all ten departments. In March, theMinistry of Health (MSPP) recorded 77 daily new cases for the whole country.
The political situation in Haiti remains volatile. On 24February, Haiti’s Prime Minister, Gary Conille, resignedafter weeks of mounting tension with President MichelMartelly and his cabinet. Gary Conille, who served asPrime Minister for only four months, was Mr. Martelly’sthird choice and the only one who met with approval froma Parliament dominated by political opposition. The PrimeMinister
designate, Laurent Lamothe, is currently thesubject of a Senate commission investigating allegationsthat he holds dual nationality. The political environment isalso complicated by recent allegations of corruptionagainst a Dominican senator whose companies wonmillions of dollars in construction contracts in post
earthquake Haiti after allegedly making contributions toPresident Martelly’s campaign. The turbulent politicalsituation has the potential to delay programmeimplementation.
UN staff members continue to face a range of securitythreats due to the challenging environment. The overallstatistics for serious crime show an increase. There hasonly been one case of kidnapping affecting internationalUN staff though the threat posed to the families of nationalstaff members remains high. Over the last months, theemergence of paramilitary groups, coupled with an on
going campaign to reinstitute the Haitian Armed Forces(FADH) and the unopposed occupation of former militaryfacilities, have been of concern. The total number of theseso
FADH members is estimated at about 3,500.
During the reporting period, UNICEF and partnersconducted evaluations in eight departments to assesszones of vulnerability to risks and natural hazards. Resultsindicated high levels of vulnerability in zones with lower access to services, particularly in the South and Grande
Anse Departments. This mapping exercise has underlinedthe need to pre
position stock to facilitate emergencyresponse and highlighted the importance of workingcollaboratively with local authorities and the community toprepare an emergency response. The pre
positioning of essential supplies in the event of an emergency byUNICEF’s Rapid Response Mechanism (RRM) partners inthe South, South
East, Atribonite and North Departmentsis almost 85 per cent finalised.