DEFINITION OF COMPUTER
“Computer is an electronic device that accept the data, process the data and gives the result inthe required form”.“Computer is an electronic device which can receive inputs (data) as raw material and process it according to the program instruction to produce the output in a useful form”.“The word” Computer” comes from the word “compute” which means to calculate. So acomputer is normally considered to be a calculating device that can perform arithmetic andlogical operation at an enormous speed but accurately”.
CHARACTERISTICS OF COMPUTERS
: - Computer is a very fast device that can process of instructions within seconds for which human being may take several days or month. Its speed is measured in terms of Milliseconds (1/10
of a second), Microseconds (1/10
of a second), Nanoseconds (1/10
of asecond) and Picoseconds (1/10
of a second).
: - Computer maintains high degree of accuracy, errors can occur in computerizedsystem also but most of them occur due to human mistakes.
: - Computer can store very large amount of information in the secondary storagedevices. This information stays with the computer for further use.
: - A computer can work for hours without lack of concentration, tiredness or emotional feelings.
:-Computers are highly reliable, very accurate and do not make mistakes inarithmetic calculations.
: - Computer can perform various types of jobs at the same time.
: -Computer is a very constant, earnest and Carefulness.
Computer Vs Human Being
InputInput to the system in machine-readable form.Input to the system is through ears,eyes, mouth or nose.MainstorageHold input data and instructiontemporarily before it is processed.Data and instructions are stored in brain and can be recalled whenever needed.SecondarystorageIt is as extension to main storageand the contents storage in itare retained permanently.Use pocket-diaries, notebooks etc.to store contents for permanentuse.Arithmetic& LogicalUnitIt performs arithmetic andlogical calculations and makescomparisons.Brain performs comparisons andcalculations in order to makelogical judgments.ControlUnitIt coordinates and controls theoperations of a computer system.Brain controls mental actions onthe basis of calculations andcomparisons.OutputOutput the results via VDU, printer, plotter etc.Output is either in writing or aspeech using mouth.2