PULSE POSITION MODULATIONAIM:
To construct a pulse positions circuit and to study its performance.
DEVICES, COMPONENTS AND EQUIPMENTS REQUIRED:
Resistors – 3.3kΩ, 3.9kΩ
Capacitors – 0.01µf 4.Regulated power supply5.Signal generator [100 Hz – 1MHz]6.CRO [20 MHz]
In the pulse positive position modulation the position of the carrier isvaried in accordance with the varying amplitude of the modulating signal.The pulses are denser at the accordance of the peak of the modulating signaland almost widely spaced or nil at the negative cycle of the modulatingsignal. Pulse position modulation signal. Pulse position modulation signalsare can be readily generated from the pulse width modulation signals byusing the modulated edge of PWM pulse to trigger a monostablemultivibrator circuit which generates fixed width, fixed receiver, a fixed period reference pulses is generated from the incoming PPM waveform anda flip-flop is set by the reference pulse and reset by the PPM pulse. Theresult is a rectangular pulse width modulated pulse at the output of a flip-flop.The modulating signal is applied to the input of a pulse amplitudemodulating circuit, to generate the PAM signal. The same pulse train whichsupplies the PAM modulator is used to gate on a ramp generator to generatea train of ramp pulses, which all have equal slops, amplitude and duration’s.There ramp pulses are added quickly to the PAM signal to produce varyingheight ramps. The varying height ramps gate a Schmitt trigger circuit togenerate the varying width regular and rectangular pulses of the PWM wave.These PWM pulses can be used as an input to the PPM.