PRE EMPHASIS AND DE EMPHASIS
1. To design Pre-emphasis circuit and determine its frequency response.2. To design De-emphasis circuit and determine its frequency response.
1.Transistor -BC1072.Resistor -10k,4.7k,1k,600,7503.Capacitor -10uf,4.7uf,0.1uf 4.Inductor -75mH5.CRO -20Mhz6.Regulated power supply - (0-32) V7.Signal generator -1MHZ
The noise has a greater effect on the higher modulating frequencies than lower ones. Thus,if the higher frequencies where artificially boosted and transmitted, corresponding output atreceiver has a good improvement in noise immunity as expected. This boosting of higher modulating frequencies in accordance with the pre arranged curve is called Pre-emphasisand the compensation at the receiver is called De-emphasis.Take two modulating signals having the same initial amplitude with one of them pre-emphasis whereas the other is unaffected the receiver will naturally have to de-emphasis.The first signal by a factor of 2 to ensure that both signals have the same amplitude in thereceiver before modulation.The abound of pre-emphasis in Vs frequency modulation broadcasting and in soundtransmission accompanying in television has been standard at 75ns.Where as the number of other services notably cuppers and Australian broadcasting 50ns.The usage at 1ns is for defining emphasis is standardized it must be considered the higher modulating frequenciesmust not be over emphasizes. The model graph shows that 15 kHz signal are pre-emphasis by about 17db with 50ns.This figure should have been 12.6 db it must be made certain byexceeding the 75 kHz deviation.If emphasis were applied to amplitude modulation some improvement would also result butit is not as greater as in frequency modulation because the higher modulating frequencies inamplitude modulation are more affected by noise than any other.Apart from that of would be difficult to introduce pre-emphasis and de-emphasis inexisting amplitude modulates services sine extensive modification would be needed particularly in view of higher number of receivers we used.