3DNHPI supervisor Steve Magner, and other City employees violated Title VIII of the CivilRights Act of 1968, as amended by the Fair Housing Act Amendments of 1988 (Fair HousingAct), 42 U.S.C. §§ 3601-3619 (2000); 42 U.S.C. §§ 1981, 1982, 1983, 1985 (2000); and theRacketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO), 18 U.S.C. §§ 1961-1968 (2000),through their enforcement actions. Plaintiffs also make claims under Minnesota law for abuse of process, tortious interference with contract, and tortious interference with business expectancy.In addition, plaintiffs Thomas J. Gallagher, Joseph J. Collins, Troy Allison, Jeff and SaraKubitschek, Dadder’s Properties, LLC, Dadder’s Estates, LLC, Dadder’s Enterprises, LLC, andDadder’s Holdings, LLC (collectively, Gallagher plaintiffs) assert an antitrust claim under 15U.S.C. §§ 1, 2, 13, 18 (2000), and claim that chapters 34, 43, 45, and 51 of the St. PaulLegislative Code are unconstitutionally vague. For the reasons set forth below, the Court grantsDefendants’ motions for summary judgment and dismisses all three cases.
I. BACKGROUNDA. City of St. Paul Housing Code and Enforcement
Chapter 34 of the St. Paul Legislative Code (housing code) sets forth the minimum property maintenance standards for all structures occupied or intended to be occupied for residential purposes in the City. St. Paul, Minn., Code §§ 34.01, 34.03 (1993). The stated purpose of the housing code is to “protect the public health, safety and welfare in all structuresand on all premises.”
§ 34.01. It “[e]stablishes minimum maintenance standards for allstructures and premises for basic equipment and facilities for light, ventilation, heating and
Plaintiffs ask the Court to reconsider the facts and issues raised in Plaintiffs’ earlier motions for sanctions in deciding the present motion. The Court considered these facts andissues when it affirmed the magistrate judge’s orders denying the sanctions motions. Plaintiffshave not shown any reason why the Court should reconsider these issues, and the Court declinesto do so.
D. Minn. LR 7.1(g).