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Bioenergy Italy

Bioenergy Italy

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Published by TiinaKool

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Published by: TiinaKool on May 04, 2012
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07/19/2013

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 University of Perugia 
 
CRB – Biomass Research Centre 
Via Duranti - Str. Santa Lucia Canetola, sn - 06125 - PERUGIA Tel. +39 (0) 75 5853806 Fax +39 (0) 75 5153321 P.I. 00448820548
BIOENERGY IN ITALY
 
 University of Perugia 
 
CRB – Biomass Research Centre 
Via Duranti - Str. Santa Lucia Canetola, sn - 06125 - PERUGIA Tel. +39 (0) 75 5853806 Fax +39 (0) 75 5153321 P.I. 00448820548
INTRODUCTION
The International energetic landscape is characterized by uncertainty causedby current economic crisis that hit western economies, with difficult bankcredit availability for investments. Economic crisis is also accompanied bygeo-politic unstable caused by bloody riots exploding in the MediterraneanArab countries, influencing economy through the cost of Brent crude.European Energy requirements are strongly depending on fossil production, ina contest of quick increasing of demand from emergent countries such asChina, India and Africans, and in a situation of spread nuclear energyrepulsion caused by Fukushima disaster.The fight against climatic change must take place through acceleration ofinvestments in Renewable energy making Europe free from fossil marketdependence.
EUROPEAN TARGETS
European Union is currently not manage to produce even half of its energy: in2009 the European countries were forced to import from abroad more than50% of resources to meet its energy needs, with some countries, includingwhich Italy, even more than 80% (see on table 1).
Table 1:
Energy production and consumption.
2009 Primaryproduction (Mtep)Gross domesticconsumption (Mtep)Self-sufficiency
France
 
128,5
 
262,7
 
48,9%
 
Germany
 
127,5
 
326,6
 
39,0%
 
Italy
 
27,3
 
168,9
 
16,2%
 
U.
 
K.
 
156,3
 
206,8
 
75,6%
 
Spain
 
29,6
 
130,2
 
22,7%
 
Ue
27
 
812,2
 
1.702,8
 
47,7%
 
In 2009 the European Council approved the Climate-Energy Package, whichestablishes different objectives in 2020 to combat climate change, includingrenewable energy to 20% on final consumption of energy for EU, developedwith the different national targets.In the picture below, the real situation and the shared target are represented(see on figure 1).
 
 University of Perugia 
 
CRB – Biomass Research Centre 
Via Duranti - Str. Santa Lucia Canetola, sn - 06125 - PERUGIA Tel. +39 (0) 75 5853806 Fax +39 (0) 75 5153321 P.I. 00448820548
Fig. 1:
Real state and targets on 2020.
About Italy, the energetic situation is described below (table 2). The sharedtarget to 2020 is the production of 17% of renewable energy on the finalconsumption. The percentages are divided to the kinds of energy: electric,thermal and for transport.
Table 2:
Italy, energetic characteristics.
Italy 2009 Target 2020TOTAL 8,9 % 17 %
Electric Energy 20,1 % 26,4 %Thermal Energy 8,2 % 17,1 %Transport 3,8 % 10,1 %The Italian situation about the gross Renewable energy (ER) consumption isshown below (see on figure 2) and it is possible to understand how Italiansituation on renewable is lower then EU average.Biomass in EU has a great role: it is almost half of energy consumption, in apercentage of 70% of the total renewable production.The detailed presentation of energy production from biomass is shown in thetable 3, organized for every different kind of biomass.

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