University of Perugia
CRB – Biomass Research Centre
Via Duranti - Str. Santa Lucia Canetola, sn - 06125 - PERUGIA Tel. +39 (0) 75 5853806 Fax +39 (0) 75 5153321 P.I. 00448820548
The International energetic landscape is characterized by uncertainty causedby current economic crisis that hit western economies, with difficult bankcredit availability for investments. Economic crisis is also accompanied bygeo-politic unstable caused by bloody riots exploding in the MediterraneanArab countries, influencing economy through the cost of Brent crude.European Energy requirements are strongly depending on fossil production, ina contest of quick increasing of demand from emergent countries such asChina, India and Africans, and in a situation of spread nuclear energyrepulsion caused by Fukushima disaster.The fight against climatic change must take place through acceleration ofinvestments in Renewable energy making Europe free from fossil marketdependence.
European Union is currently not manage to produce even half of its energy: in2009 the European countries were forced to import from abroad more than50% of resources to meet its energy needs, with some countries, includingwhich Italy, even more than 80% (see on table 1).
Energy production and consumption.
2009 Primaryproduction (Mtep)Gross domesticconsumption (Mtep)Self-sufficiency
In 2009 the European Council approved the Climate-Energy Package, whichestablishes different objectives in 2020 to combat climate change, includingrenewable energy to 20% on final consumption of energy for EU, developedwith the different national targets.In the picture below, the real situation and the shared target are represented(see on figure 1).