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Psycho Social Support- An Overivew Article-3

Psycho Social Support- An Overivew Article-3

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Published by jprewittdiaz
This paper discusses how a community based psychosocial support program increases participation of disaster-affected people in their reconstruction as a result of an improvement in their psychosocial well-being. The article is divided into three parts: (1) the early beginning of community initiative and civic engagement approach called VESPRA, (2) the systematization of the model into a community based psychosocial support approach and (3) a practical application of the model in a real disaster. The paper concludes that the development of a theoretical and practical model, the systematization of that model into a community based psychosocial support approach and an the application of such an approach enhanced the psychosocial well being of disaster affected people.
This paper discusses how a community based psychosocial support program increases participation of disaster-affected people in their reconstruction as a result of an improvement in their psychosocial well-being. The article is divided into three parts: (1) the early beginning of community initiative and civic engagement approach called VESPRA, (2) the systematization of the model into a community based psychosocial support approach and (3) a practical application of the model in a real disaster. The paper concludes that the development of a theoretical and practical model, the systematization of that model into a community based psychosocial support approach and an the application of such an approach enhanced the psychosocial well being of disaster affected people.

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Published by: jprewittdiaz on May 04, 2012
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02/15/2014

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Psychosocial Support: An overview
Psychosocial support:An overview of a program to enhance resilience and improve well-beingin disaster-affected people
Joseph O. Prewitt Diaz
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. Dr. Prewitt Diaz is a humanitarian Psychologist with over 30 years of experience in community based psychosocial programs in disasters. He served as the Senior Advisor for Psychosocial Supportfor the American Red Cross during the 2004 South Asia Tsunami, and developed a program that servedover 750,00 beneficiaries. Currently Director of the Disaster Law Center and Visiting Professor at theSchool of Law, University of Puerto Rico. He is the recipient of the 2008 APA InternationalHumanitarian Award.
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Psychosocial support:An overview of a program to enhance resilience and improve well-beingin disaster-affected people
Abstract
This paper discusses how a community based psychosocial support program increases participation of disaster-affected people in their reconstruction as a result of animprovement in their psychosocial well-being. The article is divided into three parts: (1)the early beginning of community initiative and civic engagement approach calledVESPRA, (2) the systematization of the model into a community based psychosocialsupport approach and (3) a practical application of the model in a real disaster. The paper concludes that the development of a theoretical and practical model calledVESPRA, the systematization of that model into a community based psychosocialsupport approach and an the application of such an approach enhanced the psychosocialwell being of disaster affected people.
Key Words:
 psychosocial support, resilience, well-being, disaster affected people2
 
Psychosocial support:An overview of a program to enhance resilience and improve well-being in disaster affected people
 Introduction
Psychosocial support has been identified as a positive tool to alleviate sufferingof disaster-affected people, enhance resiliency and foster psychosocial well-being(Hobfoll et al. 2007; Prewitt Diaz 2010). This paper provides a historical overview of community based psychosocial support (CBPSP), proposes a model of the sector as a platform to foster community resilience and enhance well-being, and concludes with anoperational community based psychosocial support program.
I. Emergence of community initiatives and civic engagement 
In early 1965, psychosocial support was chosen as a viable strategy focommunity development in Puerto Rico, through a group that called itself VESPRA
(Voluntarios en Servicio a Puerto Rico en Acción)
(Pond, 1968). VESPRA was acommunity program that used principles of psychology, participatory actions, andvoluntarism to re-establish sense of place and improves well-being among targetcommunities. The methodology evolved rapidly to a systematized approach better known today as community based psychosocial support (American Red Cross, 2002).This model has been successfully used as a disaster response tool (See SPHERE, 2011, pp. 14-77).Three principal theories were used in the formulation of the VESPRA psychosocial support program: (1) Client centered and non-directive theory used towork closely with the community (Rogers, 1951: Rogers, 1961); (2) the introduction of 3

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