*Note: committee members chose to submit their statements for the record rather than read them aloud.
Donald Y. Yamamoto
Military solutions to terrorism are ineffective unless they are combined with other efforts.
The current situation in Mali presents significant challenges, as the country faces severalsimultaneous crises.
Extremist groups operate by exploiting porous borders and poor rule-of-law conditions.
Good governance, economic growth and improved humanitarian conditions are essentialfor improving the security situation in Africa.
The U.S. is utilizing all methods available to fight extremists, including diplomacy,development, military and law enforcement.
While extremist groups pose a serious threat in the region, the failure of their ideologies toresonate with a majority of the population helps to contain the danger.
The fall of the Libyan regime resulted in the movement of arms and fighters across theSahara and into the Sahel.
This helped spark the ongoing Tuareg rebellion in Mali.
The instability caused by the rebellion and subsequent coup has helped give coverfor AQIM.
The United States has been encouraging the government of Nigeria to adjust its strategiesfor dealing with Boko Haram.
We are seeking a shift from a strictly military approach to one that addresses thegrievances of civilians living in the affected areas.
Progress is being made in some of the struggles against extremist groups.
Ethiopian and African Union forces have significantly weakened al-Shabab.
Algeria, Mauritania and Niger are increasing cooperation in their efforts againstAQIM.
By assisting our African partners to combat threats, the U.S. helps to create the necessaryspace for political development and reform.
The U.S. is seeking a “small-footprint” approach in Africa.
Reliance on joint military exercises, rotational forces and advising.
The Trans-Sahara Counterterrorism Partnership is a vital part of the Department ofDefense (DoD) Africa strategy.
While some groups have had their capabilities significantly degraded, the increasingcapacity of Boko Haram to carry out operations in a serious concern.Questioning:
Chair Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL)
1. Describe the goals and current status of U.S. operations against the LRA, and describethe efforts to use an early-warning system to prevent attacks.
The goals are to train and assist government forces in affected countries, and tofurther isolate Joseph Kony.