Blended Wing Body
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By way of contrast, flying wing designs are defined as a tailless fixed-wing aircraft which hasno definite fuselage, with most of the crew, payload and equipment being housed inside themain wing structure.Blended wing body has lift-to-drag ratio 50% greater than conventional airplane. ThusBWB incorporates design features from both a futuristic fuselage and flying wing design. Thepurported advantages of the BWB approach are efficient high-lift wings and a wide airfoil-shaped body. This enables the entire craft to contribute to lift generation with the result of potentially increased fuel economy and range.
Fig. 1.2 Computer generated model of BWB.
1.2.1 History of BWB
A flying wing is a type of tail-less aircraft design and has been known since the earlydays of aviation. Since a wing is necessary of any aircraft, removing everything else, like thetail and fuselages, results in a design with the lowest possible drag. Successful applications of this configuration are for example the
developed by Horton Brothersfor Nazi’s during 1942. Latter Northrop started designing flying such as
in 1942 andlater
XB- 35 Bomber
which flew first in 1942.In 1988, when NASA Langley Research Centre’s Dennis Bushnell asked the question:“Is there a renaissance for the long haul transport?” there was cause for reaction. In response,a brief preliminary design study was conducted at McDonnell Douglas to create and evaluatealternate configurations. A preliminary configuration concept, shown in Fig. 1.4, was theresult. Here, the pressurized passenger compartment consisted of adjacent parallel tubes, alateral extension of the double-bubble concept. Comparison with a conventional