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Pest Snail Identification South West Australia

Pest Snail Identification South West Australia

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Published by draculavanhelsing
fact sheet
fact sheet

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: draculavanhelsing on May 05, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/17/2012

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USing thiS gUide
Sail itifcati a ctl
Grain contamination by round and conical snails poses a serious threat to grain exports.Strict grain quality standards or snail contamination are imposed at the silo.Snails also cause damage to emerging crops and can clog machineryat harvest resulting in delays and rustration.Controlling snail populations is vital i grain contamination and cropdamage are to be prevented. This means monitoring and managingsnails regularly throughout the year.This guide helps growers identiy the snails that are pests o cropsand pastures and outlines year-round control strategies.
 
Figure 1Integrating control with the snail’s life cycle
From a management point of view the life cycle of the four types of snail is very similar and can be divided into seven main phases. Applying the appropriate management at each phase in the life cycle is vital for successful snail control.
Aestivation
• prolonged periods of dryness and high temperatures trigger aestivationin late spring/early summer• snails move up stubble, fenceposts and vegetation to rest above groundto avoid water loss during summer• summer rains can trigger short periods of activity butno breeding occurs over summer
Feeding and growing
snail feeding activity and movement depends onmoist conditions
Movement
• rainfall and cool, moist conditions trigger snail activity• a 1 to 2mm shower is enough to trigger activity
Maturity and mating
• snails begin feeding and their reproductiveorgans mature (around March/April)• mating starts about 2 to 3 weeks after the firstheavy autumn rain• mating snails are found in pairs with the solesof their feet firmly pressed together
Egg laying
• egg laying begins shortly after mating• egg clusters are laid in topsoil from lateautumn to early spring
Juvenile snails
• juvenile snails feed and grow through winterand spring
Hatching
• hatchlings emerge from eggs about two weeksafter they are laid
Snaillife cycle
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