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Mud House in Coastal Andhra

Mud House in Coastal Andhra

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Published by Kiran Keswani
The documentation of the planning and design of a mud house in a coastal village in the State of Andhra Pradesh, India.
The documentation of the planning and design of a mud house in a coastal village in the State of Andhra Pradesh, India.

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Kiran Keswani on May 05, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/12/2012

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ADWELLING
PHYSICALPLANNING
&
DESIGNatHaripuramVisakhapatnam,INDIA.
AReport
Ms.KiranKeswaniJanuary1996
 
.~
.
.::
CONTENTS
pg.no.
1.
Introduction32.Observations-Notes&SketchesDesignPrinciplesRoofingSystemsExistingConstructionmethodologyandCostEstimateofamudandthatchhouseCoconutfibreasroofingmaterialTurmericasanti-termitetreatment49
11
16
17
3.
DesignPreliminarylayouts
18
Walls21RoofTrusses22Ferrocementwork24
4.Forfutureexperiments
AlternativesforRoofingMaterialsTrainingforlocalartisansDesignsusingmudbrickdomes
25
2627
2
 
Chapter1INTRODUCTION
TheBhagavatulaCharitableTrust(BCT)isarenownednon-governmentalorganisationworkingtowardsthedevelopmentof40villagesinVisakhapatnamdistrictinAndhraPradesh,India,inthefieldsofeducation,health,communitybetterment,womenemployment,etc.sincethelasttwentyyears.
It
decidedayearagotoalsodirectitsenergiestowardshousingforthepeople.Thefirstdiscussiononhousing,withDr.B.V.ParameswaraRao,thePresidentoftheorganisation,wasaboutthepossibilityofconstructingatwo-storeyedmudhouseontheBCTfarminHaripuramtobringbackmudasaviablebuildingmaterial.Moreimportantly,suchahousewouldprovebeyonddoubttheaestheticvaluesinherentinmudconstruction.Itwaslaterdecidedthatsinceatwo-storeyedmudhousecouldbebuiltwithmudblocks,amanualblock-makingmachinewouldhavetobepurchased.Thisrequiredahigherbudgetforourfirstexperiment.Also,thelocalmasonswouldneedtoundergospecialtraining.Itwasfeltthatasingle-storeyedmudandthatchhousewithmostofthepresentdrawbackseliminatedwouldperhapsmakeabetterbeginning.
It
wasbuiltatacostofRs.lO,OOO(DM400).
It
washopedthatthismodelhousewouldevokeconfidenceinthepeopletoimprovisethemselves,becauseitwouldbeclearthatthenewhousewhichdidnothavethedisadvantagesoftheoldhouseshadonlyincorporatedafewsimplechanges,butwasinallotherrespectsliketheirearlierhouseswhichtheyknewhowtobuildanyway.Theteamcomprisedofanyonewhochosetotakeaninterestintheprojectwithacontributionofideas,spendingwhatevertimeavailabletothem.ThishappenedbecausemanypeopleworkingatBCTorvisitingit,hadbuilttheirownhomes,inHaripuramorintheneighbouringvillageofBhogapuram.Theyhadalwaysreliedontheirowncommonsense.Interactionwiththemprovedmostbeneficia1.Therewereofcoursesomemembersofthegroupwhostayedwiththeprojectlongerthanothers.Theseweretheheadmason,thelabourers,theengineers,thearchitect.
It
washopedthatparticipationbythecityarchitectinon-goingconstructionofotherhousesbeingbuiltinthevillagewouldpreparehimforbuildinginmud.Anintenseexchangewithoneortwoseniormasonswastheotherwaytolearnmoreabouttheindigenouswaysofbuilding.Forallthistohappen,itwasessentialtoknowthelocallanguage,inourcase,
it
wasTelugu.Fortunately,theengineersontheprojectwereTelugu-speakinganditwaswiththeirefforts,especiallyDr.Satyamurthy,theSecretary,BCTwhosawtheprojectthroughfrombeginningtotheend.
3

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