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Finsler Spinors and Twistors in Einstein Gravity and ModificationsRatings:

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Published by Sergiu Vacaru

an electronic preprint submitted to arXiv.org, math-ph, on May 5, 2012

an electronic preprint submitted to arXiv.org, math-ph, on May 5, 2012

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/92477497/Finsler-Spinors-and-Twistors-in-Einstein-Gravity-and-Modifications

05/05/2012

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Finsler Spinors and Twistors inEinstein Gravity and Modiﬁcations

Sergiu I. Vacaru

∗

Science Department, University ”Al. I. Cuza” Ia¸si,54, Lascar Catargi street, Ia¸si, Romania, 700107

May 5, 2012

Abstract

We present a generalization of the spinor and twistor geometryfor Finsler–Cartan spaces modelled on tangent Lorentz bundles, or on(pseudo) Riemanian manifolds. Nonholonomic (Finsler) twistors aredeﬁned as solutions of generalized twistor equations determined by spinconnections and frames adapted to nonlinear connection structures.We show that the constructions for local twistors can be globalizedusing nonholonomic deformations with ”auxiliary” metric compatibleconnections completely determined by the metric structure and/or theFinsler fundamental function. We explain how to perform such anapproach in the Einstein gravity theory formulated in Finsler like vari-ables with conventional nonholonomic 2+2 splitting.

Keywords:

spinors and twistors, Finsler geometry, nonlinear con-nections, nonholonomic manifolds, Einstein spaces.PACS: 04.50.Kd, 02.40.Tt, 04.90.+e, 04.20.GzMSC: 53B40, 32L25, 53C28, 83C60

Contents

1 Introduction2

∗

All Rights Reservedc

1

2 Nonholonomic (Finsler) Geometry and Gravity6

2.1 The geometry of nonholonomic bundles and manifolds . . . .72.1.1 Nonlinear and distinguished connections . . . . . . . .72.1.2 Metric compatible nonholonomic manifolds . . . . . .82.1.3 Formulas in N–adapted frames and coordinates . . . .102.2 Metric compatible Finsler–Cartan geometries . . . . . . . . .142.2.1 The Finsler fundamental/generating function . . . . .142.2.2 The canonical Finsler connections and lifts of metrics162.2.3 Models of Finsler–Cartan spaces . . . . . . . . . . . .172.2.4 On metric noncompatible Finsler geometries . . . . .182.2.5 Finsler variables in general relativity . . . . . . . . . .192.3 Conformal transforms and N–connections . . . . . . . . . . .20

3 Finsler–Cartan Spinors and Einstein gravity23

3.1 Spinors and N–connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .233.1.1 Cliﬀord N–adapted structures and spin d–connections233.1.2 Abstract d–tensor and d–spinor indices . . . . . . . .263.2 N–adpted spinors and nonholonomic (Finsler) gravity . . . .273.2.1 N–adapted covariant derivatives and spin coeﬃcients .273.2.2 Spinor d–curvature and Bianchi identities . . . . . . .283.2.3 N–adapted conformal transforms . . . . . . . . . . . .29

4 Nonholonomic (Finsler) twistors31

4.1 Twistor equations for nonholonomic 2+2 splitting . . . . . . .324.1.1 Nonholonomic (Finsler) twistors . . . . . . . . . . . .324.1.2 Geometric/physical meaning of anholonomic twistors .334.2 Finsler twistors on tangent bundles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .344.3 Nonholonomic local and global twistors . . . . . . . . . . . .364.3.1 N–adapted local twistors and torsionless conditions . .364.3.2 Global extensions of N–adapted twistor structures . .39

1 Introduction

Twistor theory began with R. Penrose’s two papers in 1967 and 1968and the subject has grown in diﬀerent directions of modern mathematicsand classical and quantum physics (for introductions to twistor theory andreviews of results, and references, see the monographs [1,2,3,4]). From
a ”modest” geometric point of view, twistor structures and transforms arenaturally related to certain methods of constructing solutions for self–dual2

Yang–Mills and Einstein equations and complex/supersymmetric general-izations of the Minkowski and Einstein spacetime geometry.In this article, we give an introduction into the diﬀerential geometry of Finsler spinors and twistors. We shall deﬁne twistors for models of met-ric compatible Finsler spaces and study possible connections to the generalrelativity theory and modiﬁcations. Our ”pragmatic” goal is to point re-searchers that there is an important relation between the twistor transforms,nonholonomic deformations of fundamental spacetime geometric objects anda method for generating exact oﬀ–diagonal solutions of gravitational ﬁeldequations in Einstein gravity and modiﬁed/generalized theories.

We shallapply a geometric formalism related to the anholonomic frame deformationmethod of constructing exact solutions [5,6, 7] and A–brane, deformation
and gauge like quantization of gravity [8,9, 10]. In such models, Finsler
like variables can be introduced via respective nonholonomic 2+2 and/or

n

+

n

splitting, for distributions with ﬁbered structure, on Einstein and/or(pseudo) Riemannian manifolds. This allows us to decouple the Einsteinequations with respect to some classes of nonholonomic frames and con-struct generic oﬀ–diagonal exact solutions depending on all coordinates viacertain classes of generating and integration functions and parameters.Let us emphasize some substantial diﬀerences between the geometry of (pseudo) Finsler spaces and that of (pseudo) Riemannian manifolds

, seedeﬁnitions and details in next section. Diﬀerent models of Finsler geome-try are characterized by diﬀerent classes of nonlinear and linear connectionsand lifts on tangent bundles of geometric objects, nonholonomic distribu-tions and related curvature and torsion tensors. Such a geometry is notcompletely determined by a Finsler metric

F

(

x

i

,y

a

), which is a nonlinearquadratic element with homogeneity conditions of typical ﬁber coordinates

y

a

on a tangent bundle

TM

to a manifold

M,

with local coordinates

x

i

,

or a (nonholonomic) manifold

V

with non–integrable ﬁbred structure. Thegeometric constructions on Finsler spaces have to be adapted to an anotherfundamental geometric object, the nonlinear connection (N–connection),

N

.

1

The corresponding metrics can not be diagonalized via coordinate transforms. Inmodern literature, there are used diﬀerent words ”anholonomic”, ”nonholonomic” and/or”non–integrable” which we shall consider as equivalent ones.

2

In our works, the meaning of the word ”pseudo” is equivalent to ”semi” which areused for models of curved spaces in standard particle and gravity physics and/or in math-ematical literature when the metric may have a local pseudo–Euclidean local signature of type (

−

,

+

,

+

,

+). Here we note that such terms, together with a nonstandard for physi-cists concept of Minkowski space, have diﬀerent deﬁnitions in some monographs on Finslergeometry [11, 12, 13, 14, 15,16], see also recent theories with (pseudo) Finsler metrics,
for instance,[17, 18,19,20, 21, 22].

3

Ghost--Free Massive f(R) Theories Modelled as Effective Einstein Spaces & Cosmic Acceleration

Summary Scientific Report 2011-2013

Scientific Report Vacaru Project IDEI 2013 Till 26 Sept

Published Works Vacaru Project IDEI 2013-09-26 Updated

06 Vacaru Raport Stiintific IDEI 2013 Pana 24 Iulie

05 Vacaru Raport Stiintific IDEI 2012

04 Vacaru Raport Stiintific IDEI 2011

03 Vacaru Audit IDEI

02 Vacaru Publication List IDEI 2013-07-24 Up-dated

01_Title Page Advanced Research on Mathematical Physics Universitatea Alexandru Ioan Cuza

Almost Kaehler Ricci Flows and Einstein and Lagrange-Finsler Structures on Lie Algebroids

Principles of Einstein-Finsler Gravity and Perspectives in Modern Cosmology

Fractional almost Kaehler - Lagrange geometry

Cyclic and Ekpyrotic Universes in Modified Finsler Osculating Gravity on Tangent Lorentz Bundles

Super-Luminal Effects for Finsler Branes as a Way to Preserve the Paradigm of Relativity Theories

Covariant Renormalizable Anisotropic Theories and Off-Diagonal Einstein-Yang-Mills-Higgs Solutions

Decoupling of EYMH Equations, Off-Diagonal Solutions, and Black Ellipsoids and Solitons

Metric Compatible or Noncompatible Finsler-Ricci Flows

2010 Publication list by S. Vacaru in MathSciNet

Nonholonomic Ricci Flows and Running Cosmological Constant

Locally Anisotropic Stochastic Processes in Fiber Bundles

Fedosov Quantization of Fractional Lagrange Spaces

Generalized Finsler Superspaces

New Classes of Off-Diagonal Cosmological Solutions in Einstein Gravity

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Deformation quantization of nonholonomic almost Kahler models and Einstein gravity

Warped, Anisotropic Wormhole/ Soliton Configurations in Vacuum 5D Gravity

Spinor Structures and Nonlinear Connections in Vector Bundles, Generalized Lagrange and Finsler Spaces

Anholonomic Frames, Generalized Killing Equations, and Anisotropic Taub NUT Spinning Spaces

Nonholonomic Ricci Flows and Running Cosmological Constant

Nonholonomic Ricci Flows

Critical remarks on Finsler modifications of gravity and cosmology by Zhe Chang and Xin Li

Curve flows in Lagrange-Finsler geometry, bi-Hamiltonian structures and solitons

Perturbations and Stability of Black Ellipsoids

Horizons and Geodesics of Black Ellipsoids

Curve Flows and Solitonic Hierarchies Generated by Einstein Metrics

The Entropy of Lagrange-Finsler Spaces and Ricci Flows

Nonlinear Connections and Nearly Autoparallel Maps in General Relativity

Einstein gravity in almost Kahler and Lagrange-Finsler variables and deformation quantization

Finsler and Lagrange Geometries in Einstein and String Gravity

Branes and Quantization for an A-Model Complexification of Einstein Gravity in Almost Kahler Variables

Locally Anisotropic Structures and Nonlinear Connections in Einstein and Gauge Gravity

Nonholonomic Ricci Flows and Parametric Deformations of the Solitonic pp-Waves and Schwarzschild Solutions

Anholonomic Soliton-Dilaton and Black Hole Solutions in General Relativity

Fractional almost Kaehler - Lagrange geometry

Nonholonomic Ricci Flows and Running Cosmological Constant

On General Solutions of Einstein Equations

On General Solutions for Field Equations in Einstein and Higher Dimensional Gravity

New Classes of Off-Diagonal Cosmological Solutions in Einstein Gravity

Nonlinear Connections and Spinor Geometry

Lagrange-Fedosov Nonholonomic Manifolds

Ellipsoidal, Cylindrical, Bipolar and Toroidal Wormholes in 5D Gravity

Super-Luminal Effects for Finsler Branes as a Way to Preserve the Paradigm of Relativity Theories

Gauge and Einstein gravity from non-Abelian gauge models on noncommutative spaces

Nonholonomic Ricci Flows and Running Cosmological Constant

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