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91197966 CE1208 Wind Engineering

91197966 CE1208 Wind Engineering

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Published by hari_krishnan_27
Wind Engineering Full Notes
Wind Engineering Full Notes

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Published by: hari_krishnan_27 on May 06, 2012
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05/06/2012

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 DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
TWO MARKS AND SIXTEEN MARKS QUESTION ANSWERS BANK
 
CE 1028 – WIND ENGINEERING
EIGHTH SEMESTER
 
 CE 1028 Wind EngineeringEighth SemesterUnit I1. Define wind
The wind is a movement of free air caused on a large scale by thermalcurrents in the first 10 miles above the earth’s surface.
2. Define Coriolis effects
The earth’s rotation produces acceleration on each particle of air, it iscustomary to represent this effect by the related deviating force, called the corioliseffect.
3. What is geotropic wind?
When the air movement reaches a steady state, the coriolis force balancesthe pressure gradient force, leaving a resultant motion approximately along the lineof equal pressures, or isobars called the geostrophic wind.Geostrophic wind = pressure gradient / 
2 Sin(>10)
o
Pwe
ϕ ϕ 
 P = air density, we = earth’s angular velocity about its axis.
ϕ 
= angle of latitude.
4. What is depression?
Depression is also called extra tropical cyclones because of their anti-clockwise rotation, consist of warm air forces up by an inrush of cold air.
 
5. What is jet stream?
At heights between 25,000 & 40,000 ft., a tubular current by air may form,with a very high wind speed called a jet stream.
6. How eddies are formed in air?
Eddies are created in air when the flow meets a sharp discontinuity on theearth’s surface, such as a tree, a building on a mountain.
7. What are called as aerodynamic and semi-aerodynamic?
Few natural or manmade objects do not cause an eddy are called asstreamlined or aero dynamic.eg) calm sea, high speed aircraft.Shapes which make less eddies than other shapes and sizes are called semi-aerodynamic.
8. Define gust and lull?
When the wind speed reaches a peak, it is called as a gust, and its minimumspeed it is termed as lull.
9. List the types of anemometers
1. Pressure anemometers2. Rotation anemometers : a) cup anemometerb) windmill anemometer3. Gust measuring anemometers : a) Hotwire anemometersb) gust anemometer

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