COllEGE & CAREERREAdINESS IN dUvAl COUNTy
Why IS ThE ISSUE Of COllEGE ANd CAREERREAdINESS ImPORTANT?
Growing global demand for skilled workers, but America isunderproducing college graduates
Increase in college-ready high school graduates would contribute millions to the local economy
Deeper pool of skilled workers would attract better jobs and more innovation
How ready our public high school graduates are to succeed incollege and the workorce is not just important or those studentsand their amilies. It is also vital to the overall well-being o oureconomy as a whole. Nationwide, the unemployment rate orstudents without a high school degree is twice as high as it is orgraduates with at least an associate degree, and almost three timeshigher than it is or workers with a bachelor’s degree. This is not atrend that is likely to reverse in the uture.
A recent Georgetown University study on workorce education andthe economy concluded that America has been underproducingcollege-educated workers or decades with respect to the risingdemand or specialized skills and abilities and the global competitionor workers. As the study authors put it, “the growing demand ortechnical sophistication has been coupled with a reduced need,oten as the result o automation, or unskilled labor. As an outcomeo these technological changes, there has been a persistent andongoing demand or more postsecondary education and training.”
In Jacksonville, the impact o this change in the global economicmarketplace has been particularly acute. Over the past ve years,the largest employment sector o Northeast Florida’s economyhas been the service industry (jobs such as restaurant workers,healthcare workers, and administrative support positions), thesector typically comprised o the lowest wage positions.
Thesetypes o jobs typically come with limited pay and benets, limitedroom or growth or most employees, and, in turn, severely limitthe amount o disposable income and job creation returned to theeconomy by its workers. Without a deeper pool o postsecondaryeducated candidates in the local workorce, Jacksonville willcontinue to struggle in attracting higher paying jobs to the areaand changing this trend.A signicant increase in the number o postsecondary educatedworkers in the area would have positive ripple eects in the localeconomy or everyone. According to recent projections, about6,800 students dropped out rom the class o 2011 in NortheastFlorida (including Duval County students and surroundingcounties). I only 30% o those drop outs had graduated and goneon to earn a postsecondary degree, the projected impact to thelocal economy would have been:
in additional earnings over thosestudents’ lietimes
in additional annual spending
in additional home sales by the midpointo the students’ career
in additional annual vehicle sales
created locallyClearly, accelerating the transormation o Jacksonville’s labororce to one that oers a deeper pool o highly-skilled workersand innovators to attract higher-level jobs in a globally competitivemarketplace is o critical importance. Beore we can make thathappen here, we need to have a better understanding o just whatbeing “college and career ready” means and where our studentsstand today in relation to that goal.
WhAT dOES IT mEAN TO bE COllEGE ANd CAREER REAdy?
Understanding the path to graduation in Duval County
• Basic standardized test requirements for graduation and
Benchmarks for postsecondary readiness
To understand the graduation and postsecondary readiness rateso DCPS in proper context, it is rst necessary to understandwhat is required o students to graduate in the district. The corecurriculum requirements that students must meet between 9th and12th grade in order to graduate with a standard diploma include:
4 credits in English/Language Arts
4 credits in Mathematics (including Algebra I, Geometry,and Algebra II)
4 credits in Science (including Biology and eitherChemistry or Physics)
3 credits in Social Studies (including World History,American History, U.S. Government and Economics)
2 credits in Foreign Language
1 credit in Career Education or the Arts
1 credit in Physical Education
5 additional Elective creditsFor students enrolled in accelerated or specialized progressionplans or with specically granted exceptions, there may be somevariations to these requirements.
But or a general understandingo the path to graduation or most students in DCPS, the 24-creditcurriculum laid out above provides the core ramework o requirements that students must meet.In addition to the coursework requirements, there are also basicstandardized test requirements that must be met or graduation aswell. For students up through 2011, the basic testing requirementor graduation has been passing the 10th grade FCAT or,alternatively, achieving a concordant score on the
For students aspiring to continue their education beyondhigh school, there are also additional
To become a globally competitivemarketplace we need to have a better understanding of what being “collegeand career ready” means and where our students stand in relation to that goal today.